Much has been made of the importance of remedy for the vindication of the rights,and especially the human right, of individuals, in their interactions with state and non-state actors. Remedies serve as a key bridge between the articulation of substantive standards of justice, their memorialization in authoritative form (law, usually) and the actual provision of justice through law (remedy as actualization of justice through law). That last bridge implicates both process and institutions, the last and key bride between the highest of ideals and the objects of these ideals.
Despite Texas' severe preconviction history, one man actually received a full pardon in February. Tim Cole had been convicted of rape in 1986, though relentlessly proclaiming his innocence, and a 1996 confession to the crime by another man did not move officials to re investigate. When a DNA result (ordered in 2008) confirmed the 1996 confession, Cole's innocence could no longer be ignored. In March, Gov. Rick Perry issued a full pardon, but Cole could not enjoy it. He had died in prison in 1999 after wrongfully serving 13 years, the final three despite the fact that the actual rapist had already tried to turn himself in.