The Chinese continue to develop an institutional architecture for Socialist rule of law (and here, here, here, and here). The object is to develop a deep and deeply inter connected system of rules and responsible administrative officials acting through rules to produce a seamless system through which the Chinese Communist Party Basic Line can be applied to issues of state administration, those policies can be transposed into legal norms, legal norms can be implemented through lawmaking through the organs of the National People's Congress and the administrative organs of state ministries, and these rules then applied by officials throughout China constrained both by the specific rules and the interpretive constraints of the CCP basic line.
The Chinese General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and the State Council, has just added another part of the construction of this seamless rule based administrative apparatus under the leadership of the CCP. It has just released a policy document on promoting in-house and external counsel for Party, government and SOEs. 关于推行法律顾问制度和公职律师公司律师制度的意见.
I include the original Chinese and a rough mechanical English translation (with thanks to Susan Finder).
中办发30号为贯彻落实党的十八大和十八届三中、四中、五中全会精神，积极推行法律顾问制度和公职律师、公司律师制度，充分发挥法律顾问、公职律师、公司律师作用，现提出以下意见。一、指导思想、基本原则和目标任务(一)指导思想。认真贯彻落实党的十八大和十八届三中、四中、五中全会精神， 以邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观为指导，深入学习贯彻习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神，坚定不移走中国特色社会主义法治道路，从我国国情出发，遵循法治建设规律和法律顾问、律师工作特点，积极推行法律顾问制度和公职律师、公司律师制度，提高依法执政、依法行政、依法经营、依法管理的能力水平，促进依法办事，为协调推进“四个全面”（法客按：法律人们知道是哪四个全面昂？）战略布局提供法治保障。(二)基本原则。坚持正确政治方向。 坚持党的领导，选拔政治素质高、拥护党的理论和路线方针政策的法律专业人才进入法律顾问和公职律师、公司律师队伍。坚持分类规范实施。从实际出发，在党政机关、人民团体、国有企事业单位分类推行法律顾问制度和公职律师、公司律师制度， 明确政策导向和基本要求，鼓励各地区各部门各单位综合考虑机构、人员情况和工作需要，选择符合实际的组织形式、工作模式和管理方式，积极稳妥实施。坚持统筹衔接推进。着眼于社会主义法治工作队伍建设大局，处理好法律顾问与公职律师、公司律师之间的衔接，畅通公职律师、公司律师与社会律师、法官、检察官之间的交流渠道。实行老人老办法、新人新办法，国家统一法律职业资格制度实施后，党政机关、人民团体、国有企事业单位拟担任法律顾问的人员应当具有法律职业资格或者律师资格。（三）目标任务。2017年底前，中央和国家机关各部委， 县级以上地方各级党政机关普遍设立法律顾问、公职律师，乡镇党委和政府根据需要设立法律顾问、公职律师， 国有企业深入推进法律顾问、公司律师制度，事业单位探索建立法律顾问制度，到2020年全面形成与经济社会发展和法律服务需求相适应的中国特色法律顾问、公职律师、公司律师制度体系。二、建立健全党政机关法律顾问、公职律师制度（四）积极推行党政机关法律顾问制度，建立以党内法规工作机构、政府法制机构人员为主体，吸收法学专家和律师参加的法律顾问队伍。党政机关内部专门从事法律事务的工作人员和机关外聘的法学专家、律师，可以担任法律顾问。党内法规工作机构、政府法制机构以集体名义发挥法律顾问作用。(五)在党政机关已担任法律顾问但未取得法律职业资格或者律师资格的人员，可以继续履行法律顾问职责。国家统一法律职业资格制度实施后，党政机关拟担任法律顾问的人员应当具有法律职业资格或者律师资格。（六）县级以上地方党委和政府以及法律事务较多的工作部门应当配备与工作任务相适应的专职人员担任法律顾问；法律事务较少的县级以土地方党委和政府工作部门可以配备兼职人员履行法律顾问职责。乡镇党委和政府可以根据工作需要，配备专职或者兼职人员履行法律顾问职责。（七）党政机关法律顾问履行下列职责：1.为重大决策、重大行政行为提供法律意见；2.参与法律法规规章草案、党内法规草案和规范性文件送审稿的起草、论证；3. 参与合作项目的洽谈，协助起草、修改重要的法律文书或者以党政机关为一方当事人的重大合同；4.为处置涉法涉诉案件、信访案件和重大突发事件等提供法律服务；5. 参与处理行政复议、诉讼、仲裁等法律事务；6. 所在党政机关规定的其他职责。（八）外聘法律顾问应当具备下列条件:1.政治素质高，拥护党的理论和路线方针政策，一般应当是中国共产党党员；（法客帝国按，重要的事再强调下：党政机关外聘法律顾问一般应当是中国共产党党员）2. 具有良好职业道德和社会责任感；3. 在所从事的法学教学、法学研究、法律实践等领域具有一定影响和经验的法学专家，或者具有5年以上执业经验、专业能力较强的律师；4.严格遵纪守法，未受过刑事处罚，受聘担任法律顾问的律师还应当未受过司法行政部门的行政处罚或者律师协会的行业处分；5. 聘任机关规定的其他条件。（九）外外聘法律顾问应当通过公开、公平、公正的方式遴选。 被聘为法律顾问的，由聘任机关发放聘书。（十）外聘法律顾问在履行法律顾问职责期间事有下列权利:1.依据事实和法律，提出法律意见；2.获得与履行职责相关的信息资料、文件和其他必需的工作条件；3.获得约定的工作报酬和待遇；4.与聘任机关约定的其他权利。(十一)外聘法律顾问在履行法律顾问职责期间承担下列义务：1.遵守保密制度，不得泄漏党和国家的秘密、工作秘密、商业秘密以及其他不应公开的信息，不得擅自对外透露所承担的工作内容；2.不得利用在工作期间获得的非公开信息或者便利条件，为本人及所在单位或者他人牟取利益；3.不得以法律顾问的身份从事商业活动以及与法律顾问职责无关的活动；4.不得接受其他当事人委托，办理与聘任单位有利益冲突的法律事务，法律顾问与所承办的业务有利害关系、可能影响公正履行职责的，应当回避；5. 与聘任机关约定的其他义务。（十二）市、县、乡同级党委和政府可以联合外聘法律顾问，为党政机关提供服务；党委和政府可以分别统一外聘法律顾问，为党委和政府及其工作部门提供服务。（十三）各级党政机关根据本意见设立公职律师。公职律师是依照本意见第二十五条、第二十六条规定取得公职律师证书的党政机关公职人员。（十四）公职律师履行党政机关法律顾问承担的职责，可以受所在单位委托，代表所在单位从事律师法律服务。公职律师在执业活动中享有律师法等规定的会见、阅卷、调查取证和发问、质证、辩论等方面的律师执业权利，以及律师法规定的其他权利。(十五)公职律师不得从事有偿法律服务，不得在律师事务所等法律服务机构兼职， 不得以律师身份办理所在单位以外的诉讼或者非诉讼法律事务。（十六）党政机关法律顾问、公职律师玩忽职守、徇私舞弊的，依法依纪处理；属于外聘法律顾问的，予以解聘，并记入法律顾问工作档案和个人诚信档案，通报律师协会或者所在单位，依法追究责任。三、建立健全国有企业法律顾问、公司律师制度（十七）工商、金融、文化等行业的固有独资或者控股企业（以下简称国有企业）内部专门从事企业法律事务的工作人员和企业外聘律师，可以担任法律顾问。在国有企业已担任法律顾问但未取得法律职业资格或者律师资格的人员，可以继续履行法律顾问职责。 国家统一法律职业资格制度实施后，国有企业拟担任法律顾问的工作人员或者外聘的其他人员，应当具有法律职业资格或者律师资格， 但外聘其他国有企业现任法律顾问的除外。少数偏远地方国有企业难以聘任到具有法律职业资格或者律师资格的法律顾问的，可以沿用现行聘任法律顾问的做法。法律顾问的辅助人员可不具有法律职业资格或者律师资格。国有企业外聘法律顾问参照本意见第八条、第九条、第十条、第十一条规定办理。（十八）国有企业可以根据企业规模和业务需要设立法律事务机构或者配备、聘请一定数量的法律顾问。国有大中型企业可以设立总法律顾问，发挥总法律顾问对经营管理活动的法律审核把关作用，推进企业依法经营、合规管理。(十九)国有企业法律顾问履行下列职责：1.参与企业章程、董事会运行规则的制定；2.对企业重要经营决策、规章制度、合同进行法律审核；3.为企业改制重组、并购上市、产权转让、破产重整、和解及清算等重大事项提出法律意见；4.组织开展合规管理、风险管理、知识产权管理、外聘律师管理、法治宣传教育培训、法律咨询；5.组织处理诉讼、仲裁案件；6.所在企业规定的其他职责。(二十)国有企业法律顾问对企业经营管理行为的合法合规性负有监督职责，对企业违法违规行为提出意见，督促整改。法律顾问明知企业存在违法违规行为，不警示、不制止的，承担相应责任。(二十一) 国有企业根据需要设立公司律师。公司律师是与企业依法签订劳动合同， 依照本意见第二十五条、第二十六条规定取得公司律师证书的员工。(二十二)公司律师展行国有企业法律顾问承担的职责，可以受所在单位委托，代表所在单位从事律师法律服务。公司律师在执业活动中享有律师法等规定的会见、阅卷、调查取证和发问、质证、辩论等方面的律师执业权利，以及律师法规定的其他权利。（二十三）公司律师不得从事有偿法律服务，不得在律师事务所等法律服务机构兼职，不得以律师身份办理所在单位以外的诉讼或者非诉讼法律事务。四、完善管理体制（二十四）党内法规工作机构、政府法制机构和国有企业法律事务部门，分别承担本单位法体顾问办公室职责， 负责本单位法律顾问、公职律师、公司律师的日常业务管理，协助组织人事部门对法律顾问、公职律师、公司律师进行量是选、聘任、培训 、考核、奖惩，以及对本单位申请公职律师、公司律师证书的工作人员进行审核等。（二十五）在党政机关专门从事法律事务工作或者担任法律顾问、在国有企业担任法律顾问，并具有法律职业资格或者律师资格的人员，经所在单位同意可以向司法行政部门申请颁发公职律师、公司律师证书。经审查，申请人具有法律职业资格或者律师资格的，司法行政部门应当向其颁发公职律师、公司律师证书。（二十六）国家统一法律职业资格制度实施前已担任法律顾问、未取得法律职业资格或者律师资格的人员具备下列条件，经国务院司法行政部门考核合格的，由国务院司法行政部门向其颁发公职律师、公司律师证书：1.在党政机关、国有企业担任法律顾问满15年；2.具有高等学校法学类本科学历并获得学士及以上学位，或者高等学校非法学类本科及以上学历并获得法律硕士、法学硕士及以上学位或者获得其他相应学位；（法客帝国按：根据官方尚未正式发布全文的中共中央办公厅 国务院办公厅《关于完善国家统一法律职业资格制度的意见》规定，（四）取得法律职业资格的条件。）3. 具有高级职称或者同等专业水平。（二十七）公职律师、公司律师脱离原单位，可以申请转为社会律师，其担任公职律师、公司律师的经历计入社会律师执业年限。依照本意见第二十六条规定（法客帝国按：即国家统一法律职业资格制度实施前已担任法律顾问、未取得法律职业资格或者律师资格的人员）担任公职律师、公司律师，申请转为社会律师的，应当符合国家统一法律职业资格制度的相关规定。公职律师、公司律师依照有关程序选选为法官、检察官的，确定法官、检察官等级应当考虑其从事公职律师、公司律师工作的年限经历。（二十八）律师协会承担公职律师、公司律师的业务交流指导、律师权益维护、行业自律等工作。（法客帝国按：即无论公职律师还是公司律师，既然是“律师”，那就得加入行业组织，也是律协会员）五、加强组织领导（二十九）党政机关主要负责同志作为推进法治建设第一责任人，要认真抓好本地区本部门本单位法律顾问、公职律师、公司律师制度的实施。（三十）党政机关要按照以下要求充分发挥法律顾问、公职律师的作用：1.讨论、决定重大事项之前，应当听取法律顾问、公职律师的法律意见；2. 起草、论证有关法律法规规章草案、党内法规草案和规范性文件送审稿，应当请法律顾问、公职律师参加，或者听取其法律意见；3.依照有关规定应当听取法律顾问、公职律师的法律意见而未听取的事项，或者法律顾问、公职律师认为不合法不合规的事项，不得提交讨论、作出决定。对应当听取法律顾问、公职律师的法律意见而未听取，应当请法律顾问、公职律师参加而未落实，应当采纳法律顾问、公职律师的法律意见而来采纳，造成重大损失或者严重不良影响的，依法依规追究党政机关主要负责人、负有责任的其他领导人员和相关责任人员的责任。（三十一）国有企业要按照以下要求充分发挥法律顾问、公司律师的作用:1.讨论、决定企业经营管理重大事项之前，应当听取法律顾问、公司律师的法律意见；2.起草企业章程、董事会运行规则等，应当请法律顾问、公司律师参加，或者听取其法律意见；3.依照有关规定应当听取法律顾问、公司律师的法律意见而未听取的事项，或者法律顾问、公司律师认为不合法不合规的事项，不得提交讨论、作出决定。对应当听取法律顾问、公司律师的法律意见而未听取，应当交由法律顾问、公司律师进行法律审核而未落实，应当采纳法律顾问、公司律师的法律意见而未采纳，造成重大损失或者严重不良影响的，依法依规追究国有企业主要负责人、负有责任的其他领导人员和相关责任人员的责任。（三十二）各级党政机关要将法律顾问、公职律师、公司律师工作纳入党政机关、国有企业目标责任制考核。推动法律顾问、公职律师、公司律师力量建设，完善日常管理、业务培训、考评奖惩等工作机制和管理办法，促进有关工作科学化、规范化。（三十三）党政机关要将法律顾问、公职律师经费列入财政预算，采取政府购买或者财政补贴的方式， 根据工作量和工作绩效合理确定外聘法律顾问报酬，为法律顾问、公职律师开展工作提供必要保障。（三十四）县级以上地方各级党委和政府以及教育、卫生等行政主管部门要加强指导、分类施策、重点推进、鼓励探索，有步骤地推进事业单位法律顾问制度建设。（三十五）人民团体参照本意见建立法律顾问、公职律师制度。（三十六）各地区各部门可结合实际，按照本意见制定具体办法。
CPC Central Committee and State Council
Opinions on the implementation of legal counsel system and public law firm Lawyer System
 No. 30
In order to implement the party's 18 and eighteenth session of the Third, Fourth, Fifth Plenum, actively promote legal counsel system and public attorneys, corporate counsel system, give full play to legal counsel, government lawyer and corporate counsel role, are proposed the following comments.
Adhere to the implementation of standardized classification. From reality, party and government organs, people's organizations, state-owned enterprises to implement classification systems and public counsel lawyers, corporate counsel system, a clear policy direction and basic requirements to encourage all localities and departments and units considering Institutions and Personnel and work needs, choose the actual form of organization, operation mode and management mode, actively and steadily implemented.
Adhere to the overall convergence forward. Focusing on the construction of socialist rule of law overall workforce, to deal with the convergence of public lawyers, corporate lawyers between legal counsel, smooth communication channels government lawyer and corporate lawyers and social lawyers, judges, prosecutors between. Implement old old methods, new new approach, after the implementation of the national unity of the legal profession qualification system, government agencies, people's organizations, state-owned enterprises and institutions intended to serve as legal adviser who shall have the legal professional qualifications or lawyer.
(3) objectives and tasks. Before the end of 2017, the central ministries and state organs above the county level party and government organs at all levels to establish general counsel, public attorney, township Party committees and governments to establish legal advisers as needed, the government lawyer, state-owned enterprises to further promote legal counsel, corporate counsel system, explore the establishment of institutions counsel system by 2020 to form a comprehensive economic and social development and the demand for legal services to adapt to Chinese characteristics, legal advisers, public lawyers, corporate lawyers institutional system.
(4) actively promote the party and government organs counsel system, establish a working body within the party regulations, government legal agency personnel as the main body to absorb legal experts and lawyers to participate in legal counsel team.
Internal government agencies specializing in legal affairs staff and external organs of legal experts, lawyers, can serve as legal counsel. Party legislation work organization, on behalf of the government legal agencies to play a collective role of legal adviser.
(5) government agencies have been acting as legal counsel but did not obtain a lawyer or legal professional qualifications qualified staff can continue to fulfill their legal advisory role. After the national unity of the legal profession qualification system implementation, government agencies intended to serve as legal adviser who shall have the legal professional qualifications or lawyer.
(6) above the county level party committee and government and legal affairs departments should work more with full-time staff with the task to adapt as a legal adviser; legal matters less to the county land department party committees and governments can work with part-time personnel to perform duties of legal counsel. Township Party committees and governments can work according to needs, with full-time or part-time personnel to perform duties of legal counsel.
(7) the party and government legal adviser shall perform the following duties:
1. Advising significant decisions and administrative acts;(8) outside counsel shall meet the following conditions:
2. Participation draft laws and regulations, draft regulations and normative documents within the party drafting the manuscript, demonstration;
3. Participation discuss cooperation projects, assist in drafting, modifying important legal instruments or contracts with government agencies as a major party;
4. Disposal Complaint cases, petition cases and other major emergencies, and provide legal services;
5. involved in the administrative review, litigation, arbitration and other legal matters;
6. Other duties where the party and government regulations.
1. high political quality, support the party's theory, line, principles and policies, the general should be the Chinese Communist Party; (passenger empire by law, the next important thing to stress again: the party and government organs outside counsel should generally be the Chinese Communist Party)(9) outside outside counsel should be selected through an open, fair and impartial manner. He was hired as legal adviser, appointed by the authority issuing the letter of appointment.
2. have good professional ethics and social responsibility;
3. Legal experts have some influence and experience in law teaching, legal research, and other areas of legal practice are engaged in, or have more than five years experience in the practice, professional ability of the attorney;
4. strict discipline, not criminal punishment, hired as legal counsel lawyer will also be administrative penalties or trade sanctions Bar Association judicial administrative departments have not received;
5. other conditions specified in the appointment authority.
(10) outside counsel during the performance of duty counsel do have the following rights:
1. based on facts and the law, provide legal advice;(11) outside counsel bear the following obligations during its legal advisory role:
2. Obtain and perform their duties relevant to the information, documents and other essential working conditions;
3. achieve an agreed work remuneration and benefits;
4. Rights and other organs of the agreed appointment.
1. Compliance with secrecy, not leak secret party and the country, work secrets, business secrets and other information should not be disclosed can not be disclosed without the work undertaken by the contents;(12) city, county, township party committees and governments can jointly outside counsel and provide services for government agencies; Party committees and governments can be unified external legal advisors, respectively, to provide services to the party committees and governments and their departments.
2. Do not use non-public information or facilities acquired during the work for himself and others to seek their own units or interests;
3. Do not as a legal adviser engaged in commercial activities as well as legal counsel duties related activities;
4. The other party shall not accept the commission, appointed to handle the legal affairs unit has a conflict of interest, legal advisers and the contractors business interest, which may affect his impartiality, it should be avoided;
5. other obligations agreed with the appointment authority.
(13) party and government organs at all levels to set up public lawyer according to the opinion. Public lawyer is to obtain public lawyer certificate in accordance with the opinion of Article 25, Article 26 of the party and government organs of public officials.
(14) public lawyer counsel government agencies to fulfill their responsibilities, may be subject to the unit commissioned lawyer legal services on behalf of the unit. Public lawyer enjoys a lawyer law practice activities and other rules, scoring, investigation and questioning, cross-examination counsel practicing rights, and other aspects of the debate, as well as other rights under the Law on Lawyers.
(15) Public Counsel shall not engage in paid legal services may not be in law firms and other legal services part-time, as lawyers shall not apply litigation or non-litigation legal affairs outside of the unit.
(16) party and government legal advisers, public lawyers charged with dereliction of duty, will be subject to the discipline process; belonging to the external legal counsel, to be dismissed, and credited to the legal adviser working files and personal integrity of files, or inform the Bar Association the unit shall be held accountable.
(17) business, financial, cultural and other sectors of the natural-owned or controlled enterprises (hereinafter referred to as SOE) specializing in corporate legal affairs internal staff and corporate outside counsel, can serve as legal counsel.
In the state-owned enterprises have acted as legal adviser but did not obtain a lawyer or legal professional qualifications qualified staff can continue to fulfill their legal advisory role. After the national unity of the legal profession qualification system is implemented, the proposed state-owned enterprises as staff counsel or other external personnel shall have the legal professional qualifications or solicitor, except for other SOEs current external legal counsel. Few state-owned enterprises in remote areas difficult to appoint a legal counsel or solicitor of professional qualification, you can continue with the current practice of appointment of counsel.
Legal advisers support staff may not have a legal professional qualifications or lawyer.
State-owned enterprises outside counsel with reference to this opinion 8, 9, 10, 11 regulations.
(18) may need to set up state-owned enterprises according to business size and business legal affairs agencies or appoint, employ a certain number of legal counsel.
State-owned enterprises may be established general counsel, legal audit checks to play the role of General Counsel for management activities, promote business law and compliance management.
(19) SOEs counsel perform the following duties:
1. Participation in the development of the articles of association, the board of directors to run the rule;(20) of state-owned enterprise legal management of business conduct legal compliance has oversight responsibility for the illegal behavior of enterprises advice, supervision and rectification. Corporate counsel knowing the existence of illegal acts, no warning, not to stop, and be held accountable.
2. enterprise important business decisions, regulations, legal contract review;
3. enterprise restructuring, mergers and acquisitions legal advice on major issues listed on the transfer of property, bankruptcy reorganization, reconciliation and liquidation;
4. organize compliance management, risk management, intellectual property management, outside counsel management, rule of law publicity and education training, legal advice;
5. organizations dealing with litigation and arbitration cases;
6. Other duties where the business requirements.
(21) State-owned enterprises to set up a company lawyer as needed. Company lawyers and enterprises signed labor contracts according to law, the company acquired staff lawyer certificate in accordance with the opinion of Article 25, Article 26.
(22) a company lawyer exhibition line SOEs counsel responsibilities, may be entrusted by the unit, the unit where the lawyer on behalf of legal services. The company enjoys a lawyer practicing lawyer activity Law and other regulations, the marking, investigation and questioning, cross-examination counsel practicing rights, and other aspects of the debate, as well as other rights under the Law on Lawyers.
(23) the company shall not engage in paid legal services lawyers, law firms and other laws and may not be in a part-time services, can not be handled as lawyers litigation or non-litigation legal affairs outside of the unit.
(24) the work of regulatory agencies within the party, government legal agencies and state-owned corporate legal affairs department, the respective responsibilities of the unit body of law adviser responsibilities of the Office, the unit responsible for legal advisers, public lawyers, corporate lawyers of daily business management, organization and personnel assistance department of legal counsel, government lawyer and corporate counsel amount
Election, appointment, training, assessment, rewards and punishments, and the staff of the units to apply government lawyer and corporate counsel for certificate audit.
(25) party and government organs or specialized in legal affairs as a legal adviser in the state-owned enterprises as a legal adviser and a legal professional qualification or a lawyer qualified personnel, the unit agreement may apply to the judicial administrative department issued public lawyer company lawyer certificate. Upon review, the applicant has a legal professional qualifications or qualifications of lawyers, judicial administrative departments shall issue to a government lawyer and corporate counsel certificate.
(26) national unity law enforcement professional qualification system before the legal adviser, without obtaining the legal professional qualification or a lawyer qualified personnel meet the following conditions, the judicial administration department of the State Council passed the examination by the State Council administrative department of justice shall issue a public lawyers, corporate counsel certificate:
1. In government agencies, state-owned enterprises as a legal adviser for 15 years;(27) the government lawyer and corporate lawyers from the original unit, can apply for transfer of social lawyer, his position as government lawyer and corporate lawyers experienced lawyers included social life. In accordance with Article 26 of this opinion (passenger empire by law: the national unity of the legal profession qualification system before the implementation of legal adviser, without obtaining the legal professional qualification or a lawyer qualified person) as a government lawyer and corporate lawyers to apply for transfer Social lawyer shall comply with the relevant provisions of the uniform law vocational qualification system. Government lawyer and corporate counsel in accordance with relevant procedures selected elected judges, prosecutors, and judges to determine, prosecutors should consider the level in the public lawyers, corporate lawyers working life experience.
2. Have Higher Law Bachelor degree and bachelor degree or above, or illegal Higher Learning class degree or above and obtained Master of Laws, Master of Laws degree or above or obtain other appropriate places; (passenger empire by law: According to the official not yet officially released the full text of the CPC Central Committee and State Council "on the improvement of national unity of the legal profession qualification system of opinions" provisions, (iv) the conditions for eligibility to obtain legal profession to achieve national unity of legal professional qualifications must meet the following conditions: support Constitution of People's Republic of China, with good political and professional qualities and moral character; have full-time undergraduate colleges of law degree and bachelor degree or above, or a full-time undergraduate colleges illicit science and higher education and obtained Master of laws Master of law degree or above and get a degree in other relevant legal work for more than three years; participate in the national unified legal professional qualification examination and obtained except by legal regulations provide otherwise).
3. senior positions or equivalent professional level.
(28) Bar Association to bear public lawyers, business communication company lawyers to guide, counsel safeguard the interests of industry self-regulation work. (France passenger Empire Press: namely, whether government lawyer or company lawyer, since it is a "lawyer", it would have to join the trade organization, also member of the Lawyers Association)
(29) party and government organs responsible comrades as promoting the rule of law first responsible person, to earnestly implement the region's legal adviser of the departments and units, government lawyer and corporate counsel system.
(30) party and government organs in accordance with the following requirements to give full play to the Legal Counsel, the public role of lawyers:
1. to discuss and decide on major issues before, should listen to counsel, public lawyer's legal opinion;Party and government organs should listen to counsel, legal counsel without public opinion heard, should the Legal Counsel, a public attorney to participate without implementation, should adopt legal advisers, legal opinions from the public lawyer of adoption, resulting in significant losses or serious adverse effects, according to the law be held primarily responsible for party and government organs, other leaders responsible for the responsibility and responsible personnel.
2. drafting, demonstration draft laws and regulations related to the party draft regulations and normative documents manuscript, should the Legal Counsel, a public attorney to participate in, or listen to their legal advice;
3. In accordance with the relevant provisions shall listen to the views of the Legal Counsel legal matters, but not to listen to the public lawyer or legal adviser, public lawyer considered illegal non-compliance, and may not tabled decision.
(31) state-owned enterprises in accordance with the following requirements should give full play to the Legal Counsel, Corporate Counsel's role:
1. discuss and decide major business issues before business management, should listen to counsel, legal opinions of counsel;It should listen to the counsel of the legal opinions of counsel but not heard, it should be referred to the Legal Counsel, Corporate Counsel legal review but not implemented, should adopt legal advisers, legal opinions of lawyers adopted without causing significant damage or serious adverse affected, according to the law be held responsible for state-owned enterprises are mainly the responsibility of other leaders and responsible persons responsible.
2. The draft articles of association, the board operating rules, etc., should be invited to counsel, corporate lawyers to participate, or to listen to its legal advice;
3. In accordance with the relevant provisions shall listen to the views of the Legal Counsel legal matters, the company's lawyer but not heard, or counsel, corporate lawyers considered illegal non-compliance, and may not tabled decision.
(32) legal adviser to government agencies, public lawyers, corporate lawyers at all levels included government agencies, state-owned enterprises target responsibility assessment. Promote legal advisers, public lawyers, corporate lawyers strength, improve the daily management, business training, evaluation, incentives and other working mechanisms and management practices, and promote the work of scientific and standardized.
(33) legal adviser to government agencies, public lawyers funds included in the budget, to take the government to purchase or financial subsidies, external legal counsel to determine the reasonable remuneration based on workload and job performance, as legal counsel, public lawyer work to provide the necessary protection.
(34) above the county level administrative department of the local Party committees and governments at all levels as well as education and health should strengthen guidance, classified facilities strategy, focusing on promoting, encouraging exploration, advancing step by step Legal Consultant System institutions.
(35) groups of people refer to this opinion the establishment of legal advisers, public lawyer system.
Departments (thirty-six) regions can be combined with practice, to develop specific measures in accordance with this opinion.