Links for full contents HERE.
This post considers our activities on Day 4 Morning--Organization of the Cuban State and the Economic Model of Cuba.
9:00 Lecture—Implementation of the Cuban economic model: Agriculture and Tourism.Dra. Yainelis Mulet11:00 Lecture—History of Cuba: Population, and governmental Structures.
Dr. Hassan Pérez12:30 Almuerzo included
14:30 Visit local and community development proyecto Muraleando de desarrollocomunitario
--role of different kinds of property (delegation of rights to exploit the means of production in controlled and managed ways) social property--ways of administering social property promoting deconcentrating and decentralizing state and giving more space to cooperatives--distribution of wealth in accordance with the work contributed--move more toward regulatory governance—from direct to indirect regulation (through private sector businesses for example)
diversification of export matrix; some complementarity between sate and private sector; diversification of export sector; payment and renegotiation of external debt; consolidation of political international spaces; bigger space for internal public discussion
poor dynamic growth of GDP; insufficient structural transformation; weak reform of agricultural sector; low dynamics of exports of goods; loss of qualified manpower; persistence of low salaries; functional concentration of income; territorial concentration of positive impacts (some regions gain much more than others). In addition, the education success has created disjunction between training in education and economic needs (lots of PhDs and few farmers and plumbers).
--long tradition of constitutionalism from 1869 through Constitution of 1976 reformed in 1992 and 2002--principles of the Cuban state constitution: socialist state, class struggle, popular sovereignty, delegated to state apparatus, role of the communist arty as the vanguard in turn constrained by Marxist Leninist principles--National Assembly of People’s Power the repository of popular sovereignty (legislative authority)--Council of State (President, 1st VP 5 VPs 1 secretary and 23 members elected by National Assembly)--Council of Ministers
Art 5: The Communist Party of Cuba, Martian and of Marxist -Leninist, the organized vanguard of the Cuban nation, is the superior leading force of the society and the State, organizing and guiding the common efforts aimed at the highest goals of the construction of socialism and advancement toward the communist society.
--from 1959-61 proclamation of socialist character of revolution;
--1976 fist PCC Congress (long hiatus was ascribed to the need for maturity of vanguard—the transformation process was necessary before the vanguard could meet in Congress and exercise vanguard activities), proceso lento y que termina con toda la institutionalization of the state. Comes at the end rather than at the beginning and marked the maturation through the approval of the 1976 constitution. Impossible to compare the Chinese experience because of the different historical context—different visions, around which dialogue might be possible.
--nationalism--sovereignty--the authority of the leadership after 1959--social justice principle--the legitimating role of the PCC--constitutional guarantee of religious freedom
--Leninist vanguard Party and its leadership role--the PCC does not choose the candidates for election to National Assembly--these delegates are responsible to their constituents--elected by majority vote
--transformation through international partners--dismantling patriarchy; male heads of households have decreased, end of prostitution as professions opened up to women (comparison with pre 1959)--Trade through special economic zones: Mariel.--Looking to strengthening the ALBA model regionally for regional development and augmenting e wealth of the state as well as its social programs.--wants to retain a role as a regional conflict mediator (example of the resolution of the FARC insurgency in 2016)--deepening normalization within the context of deep and contentious and perhaps irreconcilable differences, even as those differences in turn are built on large cultural and social symmetries. These cultural affinities ae especially apparent in the great contemporary symbols of popular culture:-Rihanna-Katy Perry