the world's largest developer and publisher of International Standards. ISO is a network of the national standards institutes of 163 countries, one member per country, with a Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, that coordinates the system. ISO is a non-governmental organization that forms a bridge between the public and private sectors. On the one hand, many of its member institutes are part of the governmental structure of their countries, or are mandated by their government. On the other hand, other members have their roots uniquely in the private sector, having been set up by national partnerships of industry associations. (ISO, About ISO).
a network-based organization that pioneered the world’s most widely used sustainability reporting framework. GRI is committed to the Framework’s continuous improvement and application worldwide. GRI’s core goals include the mainstreaming of disclosure on environmental, social and governance performance.(From Global Reporting Initiative, About GRI, What is GRI?).
1. Human RightsThe UN Global Compact Principles 1-2
PRINCIPLE 1: Businesses should support and respect the protection of internationally proclaimed human rights.
PRINCIPLE 2: Businesses should make sure that they are not complicit in human rights abuses.
ISO 26000, Human Rights (6.3), Issues 1-8
1. Due diligence 2. Human rights risk situations 3. Avoidance of complicity 4. Resolving grievances 5. Discrimination and vulnerable groups 6. Civil and political rights 7. Economic, social and cultural rights 8. Fundamental principles and rights at work. (An Introduction to Linkages Between UN Global Compact and ISO 26000 Core Subjects, supra, at 4)
The UN Global Compact Principles 3-6
PRINCIPLE 3: Businesses should uphold the freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining.
PRINCIPLE 4: Businesses should uphold the elimination of forced or compulsory labour. PRINCIPLE 5: Businesses should uphold the effective abolition of child labour. PRINCIPLE 6: Businesses should uphold the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
ISO 26000, Human Rights (6.3), Issue 8
8. Fundamental principles and rights at work Box 7: Child labour
ISO 26000, Labour Practices (6.4), Issues 1-5
1. Employment and employment relationships 2. Conditions of work and social protection 3. Social dialogue 4. Health and safety at work
5. Human development and training in the workplace (An Introduction to Linkages Between UN Global Compact and ISO 26000 Core Subjects, supra, at 7)
The Global Compact Principles 7-9
PRINCIPLE 7: Businesses should support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges PRINCIPLE 8: Businesses should undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility
PRINCIPLE 9: Businesses should encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies
ISO 26000, The Environment (6.5), Issues 1-4
1. Prevention of pollution 2. Sustainable resource use 3. Climate change mitigation and adaptation 4. Protection and restoration of the natural environment (An Introduction to Linkages Between UN Global Compact and ISO 26000 Core Subjects, supra, at 11)
The UN Global Compact Principle 10
PRINCIPLE 10: Businesses should work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery.
ISO 26000, Fair Operating Practices (6.6), Issues 1, 2, 4
1. Anti-corruption 2. Responsible political involvement 4. Promoting social responsibility in the value chain (An Introduction to Linkages Between UN Global Compact and ISO 26000 Core Subjects, supra, at 14).
Under the terms of a Memorandum of Understanding signed on 28 May 2010, GRI, subject to due process, will integrate the Global Compact’s ten principles and issue areas centrally in the next iteration of its Sustainability Reporting Guidelines. At the same time, the Global Compact will adopt the GRI Guidelines as the recommended reporting framework for companies to communicate on progress made. The two initiatives will also join forces to develop guidance on the use of GRI for the Global Compact and collaborate at the local level on outreach and training.
The alliance, articulated during the UN Global Compact Leaders Summit 2010, is a crucial step in ensuring convergence in the area of corporate sustainability and will allow both initiatives to focus on their respective and complementary strengths – the Global Compact’s mainstreaming of universal principles and UN goals in business, and the GRI’s comprehensive reporting framework. (From UN Global Compact, News Release, GRI and UN Global Compact Forge New Alliance, 24 June 2010)
This short publication provides a high-level overview of the key linkages between the UN Global Compact’s Ten Principles and the core subjects of social responsibility defined by ISO 26000 (human rights, labour practices, the environment, fair operating practices, consumer issues, community involvement). While not an exhaustive review of the numerous areas of alignment between the two initiatives, this publication shows that there is clear consistency – and that all UN Global Compact Principles are included in ISO 26000. (Id.).
John Ruggie, United Nations special representative for business and human rights, told a London audience on Tuesday evening that a framework of tougher standards he had drafted “has acquired a life of its own” even before it is voted on in the UN’s Human Rights Council in June. . . .
The draft framework is included in ISO26000, a new international industry standard on social responsibility, and is likely to be part of revised guidelines on MNCs produced by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Mr Ruggie said. There has also been an “outburst of activity among leading companies to determine if their policies are ‘Ruggie-proof’,” and export credit agencies are considering the framework, the UN envoy added. (Id.).