Wednesday, June 23, 2021

The Genetics of China's New Era: Red Genes and Inter-Generational Leninism--Considering "用好红色资源,传承好红色基因 把红色江山世世代代传下去 习近平 [Make good use of red resources, inherit the red gene, and pass on the red country from generation to generation, Xi Jinping]


2021年4月25日至27日,中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平在广西考察。这是25日上午,习近平在位于桂林市全州县的红军长征湘江战役纪念园,向湘江战役红军烈士敬献花篮。 新华社记者 谢环驰/摄


As I have been reporting over the course of the last year or so (e.g., here), Xi Jinping has been building a corpus of writings that collectively are intended to serve as the memorialization of New Era Theory.  To that end, these writings have been published periodically in the flagship Journal of the Chinese Communist Party--Qiushi (Seeking Truth). These essays are important not only because of their influence on the development of Chinese Marxist Leninism. They are also critical signals about the emphasis of Leninist development at a particular time. The choice of essays to publish and the timing of that publication may provide a window both on the vectors of theoretical development, but also of what may be an important element of internal discussion at the time of publication.

Pix Credit HERE
For its Issue 10 (distributed June 2021), Qiushi published 习近平 "用好红色资源,传承好红色基因 把红色江山世世代代传下去"  [Xi Jinping, "Make good use of red resources, inherit the red gene, and pass on the red country from generation to generation"], a set of thirty two (32) excerpts of speeches and other texts notable for its construction of an intertwined set of premises about the deep normalization of Leninism within the advanced societal forces of China , the character of the Leninist normalization, and its encoding into the national genetic code. It focuses on (1) memory, (2) on the construction of that memory as inextricably linked not just to the constitution of the advanced social forces but to their emergence as  the leading force whose guidance is a central element of the progressive (in the sense of moving forward toward a societally valuable goal) understanding of history (as an instrumentalization of memory) and its operationalization for the development of society's productive forces, and (3) the necessity of its incarnation in the bodies of that vanguard's cadres and its encoding into future generations through the blood sacrifices of those who bring the project forward from past to present and then onward toward the establishment of a communist society in China.  In that respect, the essays ought to be read carefully for the sense of the way that China emerges more purified in every generation from the sacrifices of the past (on sacrifice, see HERE). 

Issue 10 itsef carries forward these themes in the articles that then follow. Contributions speak to the spirit of the vanguard and its genesis from its earliest times. The issue, and one central to New Era theory, is to accomplish two objectives  The first is to distinguish socialist from capitalist morality--to inherit the red gene (eg here) something reported in the West since 2019.  The second is to provide a basis for a more leftist application of Jiang Zemin's Sange Daibio (三个代表; Three Represents) theory, one more suitable for the New Era, by focusing on broadening through encoding. Left unstated, of course is the connection of both to the New Era's focus on data driven measures to bring the people closer to the ideal--the ideal represented by the red gene in a red nation.  
The original text along with a crude English translation follows, along with brief reflections.


1. One of the most interesting aspects of these carefully curated extracts of speeches are its focus on education. Education, here is understood as social encoding of norms and political premises. The last century has evidenced a substantial movement from education as a means of socializing students to the fundamental premises and assumptions of a society.  In this sense education has always been centered on indoctrination--the naturalization of doctrine within the recipient--for the stable ordering of society and the perpetuation of its culture, norms, mores, habits, traditions, and the like. Education has also focused on vocation. This is practical education designed to prepare the student for the assumption of their roles in society or for their insertion into the labor markets, or for the assumption of authority based on social, economic, religious, political or ethnic class. Indoctrination has given way to vocation in most of the world.  It has become fashionable to view official indoctrination as an object of suspicion in the liberal democratic camp and as less important elsewhere.  Even Marxist Leninist  states had moved in this direction oer the last two decades (see, e.g., Cuba: Backer, Larry Catá, 'Order, Discipline and Exigency': Cuba's VIth Party Congress, the Lineamientos (Guidelines) and Structural Change in Education, Sport and Culture? (July 1, 2011). Consortium for Peace and Ethics Working Paper No. 2011-2, Available at SSRN: or This appears to be changing in the New Era and under the leadership of Xi Jinping. For the rest of the world this represents a movement against the current of educational doctrine (at least in the public sphere).  Yet that may be changing.

2. Education, then, ought to be patriotic, in the old fashioned sense (Latin patrioticus; Greek patriotikos) relating to a comm homeland rather than  in its more political notion from the Greek polis  relating to a common state. The educational patriotism advanced, then, is focused not just on the instruction in political premises, but in the underlying cultural and societal norms  that serve as the foundation for that political structure. This is moral education (e.g., here) that is expressed politically, of course, but also in cultural, societal, and economic relations. It is the foundation of the nation which is organized politically through the apparatus of government. And it weaves together the critical strands (for Chinese Marxist Leninism) of thought (siwei 思维), ideology (sixiang 思想) and consciousness (yishi 意识).

3. History is the glue that holds this moral project together.  History properly distilled, serves as the essence of the spirit of doctrine that is to be encoded from generation to generation.  Story telling is well known in the West.  It is applied here in a Marxist Leninist context to similar effect (Nash (ed) Narrative and Culture).

4. The focus on unity is strong.  It is useful to compare two powerful phrases from two quite different political-social systems: 一寸山河一寸血,一抔热土一抔魂 (unity from the smallest space to the nation, blood and spirit) with e pluribus unum (from out of many, one). Both states appear to have moved back in the direction of adding flesh to these abstractions, flesh that is in harmony with the political-social system and its contemporary contradictions (race in the United States, unequal distribution in China). From these one can construct the meaning of the patriotism in the great patriotic campaigns currently being waged (and to some extent also resisted) in both imperial orders. 

5. The martial quality of this encoding ought not to be overlooked.  Like the various social wars waged in the liberal democratic camp for generations (the war on poverty, the war on drugs, etc.), the militarization of the red gene campaign  is a central element of its form.  But here, it is the military itsefl that serves as a mirror on the nation, and as the model from which patterns of behavior, or responsibility and duty may be replicate din the popular culture. The martial quality of the red gene also suggests the vanguard's working style and the expression of the way in which it will approach its responsibility to the nation. 

6. Blood, the sacrifices of martyrs, these are the mechanisms through which the red gene is passed along from one generation to the next.  I am reminded of a famous passage of Justice Holmes in Missouri v. Holland (1920): 
With regard to that we may add that, when we are dealing with words that also are a constituent act, like the Constitution of the United States, we must realize that they have called into life a being the development of which could not have been foreseen completely by the most gifted of its begetters. It was enough for them to realize or to hope that they had created an organism; it has taken a century and has cost their successors much sweat and blood to prove that they created a nation.

7. The red gene requires its animating spirit.  And that, in the end, provides the foundation for the readings--the centrality of the advanced social forces of the nation, organized first as professional revolutionaries, whose sacrifices over generations established a state structure in which a revolutionary party could become the political center in which the advanced social forces, organized along Leninist lines, could then serve to move society forward  Here one comes to both the gene and its color. 

8. And that brings one back to Sange Daibio (三个代表; Three Represents); the vanguard represents the trend of development in China, its advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the people. As a "whole people's" party it has a duty to encode the sensibilities of the advanced social forces to the masses; perhaps eventually merging with and into the masses on the establishment of a communist society in China sometime in the future.   It is not for nothing that Cai Xia and other elements of the vanguard fought so strenuously over its meaning and content.  Cai Xia, of course, was expelled from the vanguard and moved to the West where she denounced the current leadership.  That is a matter for internal debate (for an earlier version of the debate before the advent of the New Era, see HERE).  What was most important, though, was that in her denunciation was a strong attachment to Sange Daibiao and a sense of its importance for the transmission of a certain type of red gene forward.  The question for the vanguard is in a sense tied to that battle between Cai Xia and her (currently victorious) opponents within Chinese Leninism ("I was disgusted by the superficial methods of the party’s publicity apparatus. I grew determined to reveal the true meaning of the Three Represents, a theory that in fact marked a bold departure for China. This, it turned out, would bring me into conflict with the entrenched bureaucracy of the CCP.HERE).  Xi Jinping has now clearly revealed the way forward under his leadership--it may yet to possible to reconcile meaning but that remains to be seen, but it will remain a project of and within the core of leadership for some time to come. Eventually, though, the red gene will have to find its way into the entire body of the naiton; that perhaps will be the challenge for the vanguard in its next era.

9. All of thsi bears careful study in the West.  To understand the thrust of these moments forward may help to understand the motivations and constraints of the Chinese core of leadership.  That is not to suggest either agreement or acquiescence.  But it is to suggest that the West cannot protect much less advance it own interest, by arrogantly reading its own red-white-blue genes into the Chinese red gene discourse and its consequences for the construction of Chinese society. At the same tme, as I have hinted above, such careful study more clearly exposes the fundamental values, approaches and principles on which our own society is built, challenged and reconstructed as it moves toward the consolidation of its own new era--but in accordance with the genius of its own normative-moralr structures.


Make good use of red resources, pass on the red gene, and pass on the red country from generation to generation
Source: "Seeking Truth" 2021/10 Author: Xi Jinping 2021-05-15 15:06:19


   Fuping is a place with a glorious revolutionary history. It is the first anti-Japanese base area created by our party and our army in the history of the enemy-the capital of the Jinchaji base area. It is the political, military, and cultural center of the Jinchaji border area. Marshal Nie Rongzhen and other revolutionaries of the older generation have fought and lived here for 11 years. In April 1948, Chairman Mao led the central agency from northern Shaanxi to Chengnanzhuang in Fuping, where an enlarged meeting of the Secretariat of the Central Committee was held to adjust the strategy of the southern route, laying a solid foundation for the victory of the Three Great Wars. Fuping and the people of Fuping made important contributions to the victory of the Chinese revolution, and the party and people will never forget it.

(Speech when inspecting poverty alleviation and development work in Fuping County, Hebei Province on December 29 and 30, 2012)


   I have been to Xibaipo many times, and each time I came with respect and thought. Our generation was born shortly after the founding of New China and grew up under the red flag. They have deep feelings for the party, the country, and the people, and are deeply impressed by the glorious history and fine style of our party. Every visit to Jinggangshan, Yan'an, Xibaipo and other revolutionary holy places is a spiritual and ideological baptism. Every time we come, we can receive a vivid education of the nature and purpose of the party, which strengthens our awareness of public servants and our feelings for the people.

(Speech when investigating and guiding the party's mass line education practice activities in Hebei on July 11 and 12, 2013)

   From April 25 to 27, 2021, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission visited Guangxi. It was the morning of the 25th. Xi Jinping presented a flower basket to the Red Army martyrs of the Xiangjiang Campaign at the Red Army Long March Battle of Xiangjiang Memorial Park in Quanzhou County, Guilin. Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi/photo


   Comrade Mao Zedong put forward the "two musts" back then, it is indeed far-sighted! At that time, our party led the people after 28 years of bloody battles and was about to complete the historical task of encircling the city with rural areas and finally winning the country. The historical mission of mastering national power and establishing a new China lay before the party. Facing this major historical turning point, the Party Central Committee and Comrade Mao Zedong deeply realized that all comrades in the party must remain clear-headed in the face of victory, and withstand the test of governance after seizing power throughout the country, so as to prevent arrogance, complacency, greed for pleasure, and separation from the masses. The danger of death. We must continue to study and understand Comrade Mao Zedong's profound thinking and strategic consideration of the "two musts". We must continue to raise this issue with the whole party seriously and solemnly, and always be modest and prudent, and work hard so that our party will never deteriorate and our red country will never change its color.

(Speech when investigating and guiding the party's mass line education practice activities in Hebei on July 11 and 12, 2013)


   As soon as I came here, I remembered the evocative years of the Revolutionary War. In the red land of Yimeng, countless heroic sons and daughters were born. The deeds of the six Yimeng sisters, the Yimeng mother, and the Yimeng Hongsao were very touching. The Yimeng spirit, like the Yan'an spirit, Jinggangshan spirit, and Xibaipo spirit, is a precious spiritual wealth of the party and the country, and it must continue to be carried forward in accordance with the conditions of the new era.

(Speech during the inspection tour in Shandong from November 24 to 28, 2013)


We must never forget the old districts and the people in the old districts. We must continue to support the construction of the old districts, care about the lives of the old Red Army, the "five old" comrades, and military martyrs, and always listen to their opinions and suggestions, and ask them to teach by their words and deeds to ensure the revolutionary tradition and excellence. The style is passed down from generation to generation.

(Remarks during a discussion with the old Red Army, military martyrs and representatives of "old underground party members, old guerrillas, old trafficmen, old joint households, and old Soviet cadres" in Gutian, Fujian on October 31, 2014)


   The old revolutionary base in Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia has a very important and special position in the history of our party. As a red revolutionary base created during the Agrarian Revolutionary War, it was the foothold of the Party Central Committee and the Red Army’s Long March, and it was also the starting point for the Party to lead the People’s Army to the Anti-Japanese Front and march towards New China. The Party Central Committee led the national revolution with Yan'an as the center for 13 springs and autumns, formulated and implemented a series of correct lines, principles and policies, realized the great development of the revolutionary forces, led the Anti-Japanese War to the final victory, and laid a solid foundation for the victory of the new democratic revolution. basis. The old revolutionary base is the root of the party and the people's army. We must not forget where we came from. We must always draw wisdom and strength from the history of the revolution.

(Speech at the Symposium on Poverty Alleviation and Prosperity in Shaan-Gan-Ning Revolutionary Area on February 13, 2015)

   On November 12, 2020, the 30th Anniversary Celebration of Pudong Development and Opening-up was held in Shanghai. Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission delivered an important speech at the meeting. This is the morning of the same day, Xi Jinping visited "Under the guidance of national strategy-Pudong Development and Opening 30th Anniversary Theme Exhibition". Xinhua News Agency reporter Ju Peng/photo


   The Shaanxi-Gansu border revolutionary base centered on Zhaojin wrote a glorious page in the history of the Chinese revolution. It is necessary to strengthen the study of the history of the revolutionary base area, sum up historical experience, and better carry forward the revolutionary spirit and fine work style.

(Speech when I went to Shaanxi to visit and condole the cadres and the masses on the eve of the Spring Festival from February 13th to 16th, 2015)


   As far as the army is concerned, the core and most important thing for firm belief is to forge the soul of the army, and unswervingly insist on the party's absolute leadership over the army. Just now, when visiting the Military History Museum, I was deeply impressed by the story of the "half belt" of the 274th Regiment of the 93rd Division of the Red 31 Army during the Long March. The soldiers of the Red Army would rather endure starvation, but would also leave half of their belts behind and take it with them to "go to Yan'an to meet Chairman Mao." This is the power of faith, and it is a vivid portrayal of "the iron heart follows the party." There are many red resources like this in the army. They must be well explored and used to enrich the connotation of the "Red Gene from Generation to Generation" project, strengthen party history, military history and glorious tradition education, and ensure that officers and soldiers will always listen to and follow the party.

(Speech during the inspection of the 13th Army on January 5, 2016)


   Jinggang Mountain is a mountain of revolution, a mountain of battle, and a mountain of heroes and glory. Every time I come to remember the revolutionary martyrs, my mind is baptized and my heart is touched. Looking back on those tragic years in the past, we must pay high tribute to the revolutionary martyrs. We will always miss them, remember them, and pass on their red genes.

(Speech when visiting the cadres and masses in Jiangxi on the eve of the Spring Festival from February 1st to 3rd, 2016)


   One inch, one country, one blood, a single homeland and soul to take up with both hands [一寸山河一寸血,一抔热土一抔魂]. Looking back on the past years of war, the people of Jinzhai, with their fearless spirit of sacrifice, have established a shining history for the cause of the Chinese revolution. We must continue to follow the footsteps of the revolutionary predecessors and pass on the red country from generation to generation. Revolutionary traditional education should start with a baby, focusing not only on instilling knowledge, but also strengthening emotional cultivation, so that the red gene can penetrate into the blood and heart, and guide the vast number of young people to establish a correct outlook on the world, life, and values.

(Speech during the survey in Anhui from April 24 to 27, 2016)


   Ningxia is a red land with a glorious revolutionary tradition. In 1926, Ningxia established our party organization. Both the Long March and the Western Expedition of the Red Army fought in Ningxia, after which the people of Ningxia made important contributions to the construction of the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Revolutionary Base and the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region, the Anti-Japanese War and the victory of the Chinese Revolution. This time we went to Jiangtaipu and experienced the historical scene of the three main forces of the Red Army meeting on the spot, and once again received a profound education. We must remember the history of the revolution, inherit the tradition of the revolution, and use it to educate the broad masses of cadres and the masses, and educate generations of young people.

(Speech at the end of the inspection work in Ningxia on July 20, 2016)


   Guangxi is an old revolutionary base. Revolutionaries of the older generation, such as Deng Xiaoping, Zhang Yunyi, and Wei Baqun, led the Baise and Longzhou uprisings on this red land and established the Zuojiang Revolutionary Base. From November 27 to early December 1934, the tragic Xiangjiang Battle took place in Guangxi. The old districts and the people in the old districts have made major sacrifices and contributions to the Chinese revolution led by our party.

(Speech at the end of the inspection work in Guangxi on April 21, 2017)

   From September 16 to 18, 2020, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission visited Hunan. It was the afternoon of the 16th. Xi Jinping was in the "Half Quilt Warmth" thematic exhibition hall in Shazhou Yao Village, Wenming Yao Township, Rucheng County, Chenzhou City, to learn about the local strengthening of grassroots party building, red tourism and red education. Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi/photo


   For 90 years, under the leadership of the party, the People’s Army has continuously moved from victory to victory. It has established outstanding achievements in history for national independence and people’s liberation, and for the prosperity of the country and the happiness of the people. The people's army has been forging ahead for 90 years, condensing firm ideals and convictions, fine revolutionary traditions, and tenacious fighting style, which are our precious spiritual wealth. We must bear in mind the glorious history, inherit the red gene, and continue to advance the great cause created by the revolutionary ancestors from a new starting point, and inspire and inspire the broad masses of cadres and the army to strengthen their confidence in the path to socialism with Chinese characteristics, theories and systems. , Cultural self-confidence, and strive unremittingly to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and build the people's army into a world-class army.

(On July 21, 2017, when visiting the "Remember the glorious history and create a great cause for the army-the theme exhibition celebrating the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese People's Liberation Army")

   From April 20 to 23, 2020, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, visited Shaanxi. This is April 22. Xi Jinping visited the Westward Movement Museum of Jiaotong University, Xi'an Jiaotong University. Xinhua News Agency reporter Ju Peng/photo


All our comrades of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee made this collective trip. The purpose is to review the glorious history of our party, especially the history of the founding of the party, to conduct revolutionary tradition education, to learn from the lofty spirit of the revolutionary ancestors, to clarify the major responsibilities shouldered, and to enhance the realization of the party’s The sense of responsibility and mission to strive for the goals and tasks proposed by the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

   The site of the first party meeting in Shanghai, the red boat in Nanhu Lake, Jiaxing, is the place where our party dreams of sailing. Our party was born from here, from here to march, from here to ruling the country. This is the root of our party.

   "It is simple at the beginning, and it will be great when it is finished." In the past 96 years, our party has united and led the people to achieve great achievements that have attracted worldwide attention. This is worthy of our pride and pride. At the same time, there is no end to career development, and the original intention of the Communists can never be changed. Only by not forgetting the original intention can we comfort the history and our ancestors, win the hearts of the people and win the times, and be good at being good and indomitable.

(Speech when paying homage to the site of the First Congress of the Communist Party of China in Shanghai and the Red Boat in Nanhu Lake, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, on October 31, 2017)


   The Battle of Huaihai has profoundly enlightened us that it is not necessarily weapons and strength that determine the outcome of a war. The military's strategic and tactical use, the confidence and courage of soldiers, and the support and help of the people are often more important factors. We must inherit the red genes of the people's army, and strive to cultivate new era revolutionary soldiers with soul, ability, blood, and morals, and always maintain the nature, purpose, and true qualities of the people's army. We must inherit and carry forward the glorious traditions and historical experience of our party and the people's army, and continue to advance on the road of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics.

(Speech during the inspection in Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province on December 13, 2017)


  Lei Feng is a model of the times, and Lei Feng's spirit is eternal. To achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, more models of the times are needed. We must learn from Lei Feng’s spirit as well as Lei Feng’s practices, transform lofty ideals, beliefs and pursuit of moral quality into concrete actions, which are reflected in ordinary work and life, make our due contributions, and pass on Lei Feng’s spirit from generation to generation. .

(Speech when inspecting the three northeastern provinces from September 25 to 28, 2018 and presided over the in-depth promotion of the revitalization of Northeast China)


   Chongqing is a heroic land with a glorious revolutionary tradition. Comrade Mao Zedong conducted the Chongqing negotiations here that determined China's future and destiny. Comrade Zhou Enlai led the Southern Bureau of the CPC Central Committee to wage a resolute struggle against reactionary forces here. Comrade Deng Xiaoping led the Southwest Bureau of the CPC Central Committee to carry out a lot of pioneering work here. A large number of communists with awe-inspiring righteousness and high morale have emerged in Chongqing, such as Zhao Shiyan and others, who have firm beliefs and are not afraid of sacrifice, Wang Liang and others who are brave and well-fighted and have made numerous achievements, and Jiang Zhuyun, Wang Pu, and Chen Ran who are steadfast and unyielding and will never betray the party. People, Qiu Shaoyun, a combat hero who strictly observes discipline and has the courage to sacrifice, and so on. During the War of Liberation, many Chinese Communists imprisoned in Zhazidong and Bai Mansion, endured all kinds of torture, indomitable, preferring to die, and gave their precious lives to the cause of the Chinese people's liberation, condensed into the "Red Rock Spirit." Chongqing should use these red resources to educate and guide the broad masses of party members and cadres to strengthen their ideals and beliefs, cultivate abundance of righteousness, strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidence", and achieve "two safeguards". Maintain a high degree of consistency with the Party Central Committee in terms of direction, political principles, and political roads.

(Speech at the end of the inspection work in Chongqing on April 17, 2019)


  We must keep in mind where the red regime came from and how the new China was established, and cherish the socialism with Chinese characteristics created by our party, and strengthen self-confidence in road, theory, system, and culture. The revolutionary ideal is higher than the sky. Once the fire of ideals and belief is lit, it will never go out. In the Central Soviet Area and the Long March, the party and the Red Army relied on firm ideals and beliefs and strong revolutionary will to rebirth from desperation time after time, becoming more and more courageous, and finally winning victory and creating incredible miracles. We must not forget the original aspiration and mission of the party, the revolutionary ideals and the purpose of the revolution. We must continue to hold high the banner of revolution, carry forward the great spirit of the Long March, and march forward courageously towards the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Today, on the New Long March, we must overcome various major risks and challenges at home and abroad and win new victories in socialism with Chinese characteristics. We still rely on the firm ideals and beliefs and strong revolutionary will of the whole party and the people of the whole country.

(Speech when inspecting Jiangxi from May 20 to 22, 2019, and presided over a symposium on promoting the rise of the central region)


   The revolutionary ideal is higher than the sky. Everywhere in Jiangxi are eulogized heroic stories of revolutionary martyrs. "The enemy can only cut off our heads, and must not shake our beliefs", this is Comrade Fang Zhimin's oath left before his sacrifice. The enemy cut off his tongue cruelly before Martyr Liu Renkan was put to justice. He still wrote "Long live the success of the revolution" with his feet dipped in blood. Martyr Jiang Shanzhong left a bloody book, "Dying to the underworld will not turn back the water and protect the Communist Party for thousands of years." Revolutionary martyrs died generously for their ideals and beliefs, relying on faith. Today, there are fewer life and death tests of blood and fire like the war years, but the great struggle with new historical characteristics is still going on. We are facing a series of major challenges and major winds.

The arduous test of risks, major obstacles, and major contradictions. Without firm ideals and beliefs, you will lose your way in the complex environment of flying clouds, retreat and escape under the huge pressure of Mount Tai, and surrender under the bombardment of sugar-coated shells. We must draw a strong belief power from the red gene, strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidence", achieve "two safeguards", and consciously become a firm belief in the lofty ideals of communism and the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Those who are loyal and loyal practitioners have truly become Marxist fighters with perseverance and unrepentant life.

(Speech at the end of the inspection work in Jiangxi on May 22, 2019)

On September 23, 2019, party and state leaders Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Wang Yang, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji, Han Zheng, Wang Qishan and others visited the "Great Journey and Brilliant Achievements-A Large Achievement Exhibition to Celebrate the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China" at the Beijing Exhibition Hall. Xinhua News Agency reporter Ju Peng/photo


   New China was built by countless revolutionary martyrs with their blood and lives. We must deeply understand the hard-won red regime, the hard-won New China, and the hard-won socialism with Chinese characteristics. The West Route Army’s heroic spirit of defying hardships and fighting blood, and the spirit of heroic dedication to the party and the people is in line with the spirit of the Long March, and is an important part of the red gene of the Chinese Communists and the precious spiritual wealth of the Chinese nation. We must tell the story of the party, the story of the Red Army, the story of the West Route Army, and pass on the red gene well.

(Speech during the visit to Gansu from August 19 to 22, 2019)

twenty one

Although the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has only had half a year in Beijing’s Xiangshan, this is the headquarters of our party’s leadership in leading the war of liberation to national victory and the great victory of the new democratic revolution. It is an important symbol of the shift from rural areas to cities in the center of the Chinese revolution. , The People's Republic of China has a very important position in the history.

   From May 20 to 22, 2019, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission visited Jiangxi, presided over a symposium on promoting the rise of the central region and delivered an important speech. This is Xi Jinping’s homecoming with Sun Guanfa, a descendant of the Red Army martyr and a veteran, together with Sun Guanfa’s family and local town and village cadres to learn more about the production development and life improvement of the people in the old district. Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi/photo

We cherish the memory of this period of history, in order to inherit and carry forward the revolutionary spirit of the older generation of revolutionaries that "the leftovers should be brave to chase the poor, and the overlords should not be fame", and continue to strengthen the confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Self-confidence, courage to wage a great struggle with many new historical characteristics, resolutely overcome all difficulties and obstacles on the road ahead, so that the huge ship "China" continues to advance through the waves and set sail.

We cherish the memory of this period of history in order to inherit and carry forward the revolutionary sentiments of the older generation of revolutionaries who insisted on establishing the party for the public and governing for the people, and always won the heartfelt support of the people, always maintained the flesh-and-blood connection with the people, and always treated the people to a better life. As the goal of our struggle, we will closely unite the democratic parties and people from all walks of life to create a better life.

We cherish the memory of this period of history. It is to inherit and carry forward the fine style of the older generation of revolutionaries of being modest and prudent, free from arrogance or impatience, and working hard, always maintain the spirit of striving and enterprising, and always maintain the party’s advanced nature and purity. "Hurry up and take the exam" sober and firm to answer the new era.

(Speech when inspecting the Xiangshan Revolutionary Memorial Site in Beijing on September 12, 2019)

twenty two

   The first stop of this investigation is the Martyrs Cemetery in the capital of the Hubei, Henan, Anhui and Soviet regions. The purpose is to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, to cherish the memory of revolutionary martyrs and to comfort the heroes of the revolution. Every time I visit the old revolutionary areas, I always pay my respects to the historical memorial sites of the revolution. I want to warn all comrades in the party not to forget how the red regime came, how the new China came, and how the happy life today came. Declaring that the Communist Party of China will always hold high the red banner, firmly follow the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and continue to advance the cause pioneered by its ancestors.

(Speech during the inspection in Henan from September 16 to 18, 2019)


  Party members and cadres should learn more about the history of the Party and the history of New China, consciously accept the education of the red tradition, learn constantly, and constantly understand, consolidate and sublimate ideals and beliefs. Revolutionary museums, memorials, party history museums, and martyrs' cemeteries are the party and state red gene banks. It is necessary to tell well the stories of the party, the revolution, the base, the stories of heroes and martyrs, strengthen revolutionary tradition education, patriotism education, and youth ideological and moral education, carry on the red gene well, and ensure that the red country will never change its color.

(Speech during the inspection in Henan from September 16 to 18, 2019)

twenty four

   Revolutionary victory has never fallen from the sky. It has not been surrendered by others, but has been exchanged for blood and sacrifice. In the 28 years of bloody battles in the Hubei, Henan, Anhui and Soviet regions, 200,000 Dabie Mountain children gave their precious lives. There were more than 130,000 registered martyrs. At that time, 55,000 people in Xinxian County, with a population of less than 100,000, sacrificed for the revolution. Henan is also a place where many heroes are born. Yang Jingyu, Peng Xuefeng, Ji Hongchang, etc. are all heroes and martyrs from Henan. We must do a good job in the study of party history and the history of New China, make good use of red resources, and enhance the effectiveness of party spirit education, so that party members and cadres can keep their original aspirations and missions in receiving red education, and make the revolutionary martyrs fight for and sacrifice for the greatness. Work hard to move forward.

(Speech at the end of the inspection work in Henan on September 18, 2019)

twenty five

  Shanghai is the birthplace of our party. After the founding of the party, the party's central organs stationed in Shanghai for a long time. I visited the site of a party conference many times, and I felt deeply touched each time. Shanghai should use these rich red resources as vivid teaching materials for thematic education, and guide the majority of party members and cadres to study party history, new China history, and the history of reform and opening up, so that they can pass on their original aspirations, shoulder the mission forever, and actually realize it." In the process of the two centenary goals and the realization of the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we are bravely striving to be the first and leading the way.

(Speech at the end of the inspection work in Shanghai on November 3, 2019)

   From September 25 to 28, 2018, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission visited the three provinces of Northeast China and presided over a symposium on deepening the revitalization of Northeast China. This is the morning of the 28th. Xi Jinping visited the Lei Feng Memorial Hall in Fushun, Liaoning. Xinhua News Agency reporter Ju Peng/photo


   We must learn the history of the party and the history of New China, understand the value of the party's original aspiration and mission, and understand the importance of adhering to the party's original aspiration and mission. Yunnan has a glorious revolutionary tradition, and there are many touching stories. These stories should be used as vivid teaching materials for the education of "not forgetting the original intention and keeping in mind the mission", and guide the majority of party members and cadres to continuously examine and nourish their original aspirations, and constantly temper their political character of loyalty, cleanness and responsibility.

(Speech when visiting cadres and masses of all ethnic groups in Yunnan on the eve of the Spring Festival from January 19 to 21, 2020)


Shanxi is also a place with a glorious revolutionary tradition. It is the headquarters of the Eighth Route Army. It is one of the main battlefields of the Anti-Japanese War. It established the Jinsui, Jinchaji, Shanxi-Hebei-Luyu anti-Japanese base areas. The Luliang spirit is the precious spiritual wealth of our party. These must be fully explored and utilized to provide spiritual strength for the development of Shanxi with rich and colorful historical culture and red cultural resources.

(Speech at the end of the inspection work in Shanxi on May 12, 2020)


   In 1935, Chairman Mao led the Red Army and moved to Ningxia, leaving behind the red story of "Single Family Ji Night Talk". In 1936, the Red First and Second Front Army joined forces in Jiangtaipu victory. The Long March of the Red Army left a precious red memory in Ningxia. You must use these red resources to educate party members and cadres to inherit the red genes and take the long march of the new era.

(Speech at the end of the inspection work in Ningxia on June 10, 2020)


   Jilin has a glorious revolutionary tradition. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, under extremely harsh conditions, General Yang Jingyu led the anti-Japanese armed forces to brave the freezing temperature of minus 40 degrees Celsius, fighting bloody battles with enemies several times their own. At the time of sacrifice, his stomach was full of withered grass, bark, and cotton wool. A grain of grain, its deeds are shocking. During the War of Liberation, the party led the People’s Army to play triumphant triumphs here, with the “three times to the south of the Yangtze”, “four guarantees of the river”, “four wars and four peaces”, and “siege of Changchun”. During the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, the people of Jilin also made significant contributions. These red resources should be used as vivid teaching materials for strengthening ideals and beliefs and strengthening party spirit, organize party members and cadres to study party history, new China history, the history of reform and opening up, and the history of socialist development, and educate and guide party members and cadres to keep their original aspirations forever. Always bear the mission, consciously maintain a high degree of consistency with the Party Central Committee in ideological and political action, and unswervingly strive for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

(Speech at the end of the inspection work in Jilin on July 24, 2020)


Hunan is a red hot land. Revolutionaries of the older generation such as Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Ren Bishi, Peng Dehuai, He Long, Luo Ronghuan, etc. have taken place. Major historical events such as the Autumn Harvest Uprising, the Southern Hunan Uprising, and the transfer of troops through the passage have taken place. A large number of Communists wrote in this hot land A moving heroic song. It is necessary to educate and guide the broad masses of party members and cadres to carry forward the revolutionary tradition, inherit the red gene, keep in mind the original mission, and take the long march of the new era.

(Speech at the end of the investigation work in Hunan on September 18, 2020)


   During the Long March, the Red Army had the longest activity and the widest range of activities in Guizhou, leaving us with precious spiritual wealth. The Zunyi Conference is an important meeting of great turning point in the history of our party. This meeting was held at the historical juncture of the failure of the Red Army’s fifth anti-"encirclement and suppression" campaign and the serious setbacks at the beginning of the Long March. It established Comrade Mao Zedong’s leadership in the Party Central Committee and the Red Army, and began to establish the correct Marxist line with Comrade Mao Zedong as the main representative. The leadership of the Party Central Committee began to form the first generation of the Party’s central leadership group with Comrade Mao Zedong as the core, opening a new stage for our Party to independently solve the practical problems of the Chinese revolution, saving the Party, the Red Army, and the Red Army at the most critical moment. Saved the Chinese revolution. The distinctive feature of the Zunyi Conference is to uphold the truth, correct mistakes, establish the correct leadership of the Party Central Committee, and creatively formulate and implement strategic strategies in line with the characteristics of the Chinese revolution. This is still very important today.

(Speech during the investigation and investigation in Guizhou on February 5, 2021)


  Fujian is an old revolutionary base with many events in party history, red resources, and revolutionary ancestors. It has unique advantages to carry out party history study and education. It is necessary to learn history wisely in the study and education of party history, which is the prerequisite for increasing credibility, advocating morality, and practicing. From the party’s glorious achievements, hardships, historical experience, and fine traditions, we must deeply understand why the Communist Party of China can, why Marxism is practiced, and why socialism with Chinese characteristics is good, etc., and clarify the historical logic, theoretical logic, and practical logic among them. We must deeply understand the historical inevitability of upholding the leadership of the Communist Party of China and strengthen our confidence in the leadership of the party. It is necessary to deeply understand the truth of Marxism and its Chinese innovation theory, and strengthen the firmness of consciously implementing the party's innovation theory. We must deeply understand the correctness of the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and unswervingly follow the only correct path of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

(Speech during the inspection tour in Fujian on March 25, 2021)


※Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has visited revolutionary memorial sites many times during local inspections, paid homage to revolutionary historical memorial sites, and repeatedly emphasized the need to make good use of red resources, inherit the red genes, and pass on the red country from generation to generation. Go down. This article is an excerpt from General Secretary Xi Jinping's speech on this subject during his investigation and research in local areas from December 2012 to March 2021.


用好红色资源,传承好红色基因 把红色江山世世代代传下去
来源:《求是》2021/10 作者:习近平 2021-05-15 15:06:19





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