By now virtually anybody with public responsibilities (except perhaps within China) has dutifully or careless forgotten Xi Jinping's speech delivered at the Commemorative Meeting of the 50th Anniversary of the Restoration of the Legal Seat of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations [习近平在中华人民共和国恢复联合国合法席位50周年纪念会议上的讲话] (25 October 2021). The remarks are worth revisiting now. There are two reasons, one obvious and the other far more interesting. The obvious touches on the relationship of the rhetoric of the remarks in the shadow of Chinese policy (and actions) in the context of the Russo-Ukrainian war.
The first part of the remarks continues to make the case for the worthiness of the People's Republic as a good world citizen, evidenced by the nature of its relaxations with foreigners, its engagement with foreign states in international forums, and especially by its own development through the internal version of its external narratives of stability and peace grounded in the vertically ordered interplay between leadership cores and their collectives. It is ion the second half of these remarks thaty Chinese socialist internationalism is again summarized--and in ways that have soem relevance to the position of China in the Russo-Ukraine war.
The core concept of peace, stability and development are contextually dependent and semiotically transient. The words and concepts can mean only what they are meant to means at the time that meaning is expressed by the actions of others and one's own: "Whether a country's path is feasible or not depends on whether it conforms to its own national conditions, whether it conforms to the trend of the times, whether it can bring about economic development, social progress, improvement of people's livelihood, and social stability, whether it can win the support and support of the people, and whether it can serve the human race. Contribute to progress." [一个国家走的道路行不行，关键要看是否符合本国国情，是否顺应时代发展潮流，能否带来经济发展、社会进步、民生改善、社会稳定，能否得到人民支持和拥护，能否为人类进步事业作出贡献。] ( Xi Jinping's speech).
The flowing water connects Wugang with waves, sending you off without realizing hurt. The green hills are together with the cloud and the rain, and when two townships were under the bright moon.
Xi Jinping used only the second line to close his speech--and to summarize the complicated view from China of its entanglements with the international community.
“青山一道同云雨，明月何曾是两乡。”让我们携起手来，站在历史正确的一边，站在人类进步的一边，为实现世界永续和平发展，为推动构建人类命运共同体而不懈奋斗！["The green mountains are the same as the cloud and the rain, and the bright moon was once two towns." Let us join hands, stand on the right side of history, stand on the side of human progress, and make unremitting efforts to achieve sustainable and peaceful development of the world and to promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. struggle!] ( Xi Jinping's speech)
It was used as well by others: for example in 2017 by Liang Jianyong, at the time Fujian' s Secretary-General of the Provincial Party Committee to describe the relationship between Fujian and Taiwan (reported here). Nonetheless, to understand it, both lines are useful (something quite familiar to Chinese readers but lost in the West--and perhaps deliberately so); one can in this way speak to a Chinese audience while appearing to the speak to foreigners). The poem is famous for speaking of connection, certainly. But it also speaks to the way that one captures the moment when detachment becomes necessary as duty draws two friends apart. Duty to self and to a higher power (ion this case perhaps of national culture and sovereign imperatives; see discussion here). It speaks to severance and detachment, when friends must part and distance (conceptual and physical) must now produce a distance between them, though one bridged by good feeling for the connection of friendship. It is an affectionate rather than a divisive parting. A nice Chinese language commentary on the poem may be helpful here:
|Pix Credit here|
The text of Xi Jinping's speech follows, along with a crude English translation.
Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, October 25th
(October 25, 2021)
President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping
Dear Secretary-General Guterres,
Distinguished diplomatic envoys in China and representatives of international organizations in China,
ladies and gentlemen,
Friends and comrades:
Fifty years ago today, the 26th United Nations General Assembly overwhelmingly passed Resolution 2758, which decided to restore all rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations and recognize that the representatives of the government of the People's Republic of China are the only legitimate representatives of China in the United Nations. This is a victory for the Chinese people and a victory for people from all over the world!
Today, on this special day, it is very meaningful for us to gather together to review the history and look forward to the future.
The restoration of the new China's legitimate seat in the United Nations is a major event in the world and a major event in the United Nations. This is the result of the joint efforts of all peace-loving and justice-loving countries in the world. This marks that the Chinese people, who account for a quarter of the world's population, have once again stepped onto the stage of the United Nations. This is of great and far-reaching significance to China and the world.
Here, on behalf of the Chinese government and people, I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to all sponsors and supporters of UN General Assembly Resolution 2758! To all the countries and people who uphold justice, I pay high tribute!
Ladies and gentlemen, friends and comrades!
The 50 years since the People's Republic of China regained its legitimate seat in the United Nations is the 50 years of China's peaceful development and the benefit of mankind.
——In the past 50 years, the Chinese people have always carried forward the spirit of self-improvement, grasped the direction of China's progress in the changing circumstances, and wrote a magnificent epic of the development of China and human beings. On the basis of national construction and development since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Chinese people have ushered in a new historical period of reform and opening up, successfully created and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics, continuously liberated and developed social productive forces, continuously improved living standards, and achieved a transition from relatively backward productive forces. The situation has reached the historic breakthrough that the total economic volume has jumped to the second place in the world. After arduous struggle, the Chinese people used their own hands to achieve the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects on the land of China, won the battle against poverty, solved the problem of absolute poverty historically, and started a new journey to build a modern socialist country in an all-round way. Here comes the bright prospect of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
——In the past 50 years, the Chinese people have always united and cooperated with people from all over the world, safeguarded international fairness and justice, and made great contributions to world peace and development. The Chinese people love peace and know the preciousness of peace and tranquility. They always pursue an independent foreign policy of peace, uphold justice, uphold justice, and resolutely oppose hegemonism and power politics. The Chinese people firmly support the just struggle of developing countries to safeguard their sovereignty, security and development interests. The Chinese people are committed to promoting common development, from the "Tanzan Railway" to the "Belt and Road", to provide assistance to developing countries within their capacity, and to continuously provide new opportunities for the world with China's development. As the COVID-19 epidemic swept the world, China actively shared its prevention and control experience with the world, sent a large number of anti-epidemic materials, vaccines and medicines to various countries, carried out in-depth scientific cooperation in virus traceability, and sincerely worked hard for mankind to completely defeat the epidemic.
——In the past 50 years, the Chinese people have always upheld the authority and status of the United Nations, practiced multilateralism, and the cooperation between China and the United Nations has been deepening day by day. China faithfully fulfills the duties and missions of a permanent member of the UN Security Council, upholds the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, and safeguards the central role of the UN in international affairs. China actively advocates the political settlement of disputes through peaceful means, and has sent more than 50,000 people to participate in UN peacekeeping operations. China has become the second largest contributor to the UN and the second largest contributor to peacekeeping. China has taken the lead in achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals and in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, contributing more than 70% to world poverty reduction. China has always followed the spirit of the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, insisted on combining the universality of human rights with China's reality, and embarked on a path of human rights development that is in line with the trend of the times and with Chinese characteristics, and has made significant contributions to the progress of China's human rights and the cause of international human rights. contribute.
Ladies and gentlemen, friends and comrades!
The world trend is mighty and mighty, if you follow it, you will prosper, if you go against it, you will perish. In the past 50 years, despite the ups and downs of the international situation, thanks to the concerted efforts of people from all over the world, the world has maintained overall stability, the world economy has developed rapidly, technological innovation has changed rapidly, a large number of developing countries have grown and grown, and more than one billion people have been lifted out of poverty. Millions of people are constantly moving towards modernization.
At present, the world is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century, and the evolution is accelerating, and the forces of peaceful development and progress are constantly growing. We should conform to the general trend of history, insist on cooperation rather than confrontation, openness rather than closure, mutual benefit and win-win results, and no zero-sum game, resolutely oppose all forms of hegemonism and power politics, and resolutely oppose all forms of unilateralism and protectionism.
——We should vigorously promote the common values of peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy, and freedom for all mankind, and jointly provide correct conceptual guidance for building a better world. Peace and development are our common cause, fairness and justice are our common ideal, and democracy and freedom are our common pursuit. The world is rich and colorful. Diversity is the charm of human civilization, and it is also the source of vitality and driving force for the development of the world. "If you don't have the beauty of a hundred schools of thought, you can't be a miracle of one person." There is no superiority or inferiority in civilization. There are only differences in characteristics and regions. Only through communication can we integrate and progress. Whether a country's path is feasible or not depends on whether it conforms to its own national conditions, whether it conforms to the trend of the times, whether it can bring about economic development, social progress, improvement of people's livelihood, and social stability, whether it can win the support and support of the people, and whether it can serve the human race. Contribute to progress.
——We should work together to build a community with a shared future for mankind, and jointly build a world of lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, openness, inclusiveness, cleanness and beauty. Humanity is a whole and the earth is a home. No one or any country can survive alone. Human beings should help each other and coexist in harmony, move forward in the direction of building a community with a shared future for mankind, and jointly create a better future. Promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind is not about replacing one system with another, or replacing one civilization with another, but with countries with different social systems, ideologies, histories, cultures, and levels of development in international affairs. The interests, rights, and responsibilities of China and China coexist, forming the greatest common denominator for building a better world.
——We should adhere to mutual benefit and win-win results, and jointly promote economic and social development to better benefit the people. An ancient Chinese said: "The foundation of governance lies in the security of the people; the foundation of security for the people lies in their adequacy." Promoting development and living and working in peace and contentment are the common aspirations of the people of all countries. Development for the sake of the people makes development meaningful; development depends on the people, and development has momentum. All countries in the world should adhere to the people-centered approach and strive to achieve higher-quality, more efficient, more equitable, more sustainable and more secure development. It is necessary to solve the problem of unbalanced and insufficient development, and improve the balance, coordination and inclusiveness of development. It is necessary to enhance the people's development capacity, create a development environment in which everyone participates and enjoys, and create a development situation in which more and more development achievements benefit everyone in every country. Not long ago, I put forward a global development initiative at the 76th United Nations General Assembly, hoping that all countries will work together to overcome the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic on global development, accelerate the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and build a global development community.
——We should strengthen cooperation and jointly address various challenges and global issues facing mankind. Regional disputes and global issues such as terrorism, climate change, cybersecurity, and biosecurity are facing the international community. Only by forming more inclusive global governance, more effective multilateral mechanisms, and more active regional cooperation can they be effectively dealt with. Climate change is nature's wake-up call to mankind. All countries in the world should take practical actions to maintain the safe borders for nature, encourage green recovery, green production and green consumption, promote the formation of a civilized and healthy lifestyle, and form a pattern of harmonious coexistence between man and nature, so that a good ecological environment can become an inexhaustible source of sustainable development. .
——We should resolutely safeguard the authority and status of the United Nations and jointly practice true multilateralism. Promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind requires a strong United Nations and the reform and construction of the global governance system. Countries around the world should uphold the international system with the United Nations at its core, the international order based on international law, and the basic norms of international relations based on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. International rules can only be formulated jointly by the 193 member states of the United Nations, not by individual countries or groups of countries. International rules should be observed by the 193 member states of the United Nations, and there should be no exceptions. All countries in the world should respect the United Nations, cherish and protect this big family, and never use it if it is suitable or discard it if it is not, so that the United Nations can play a more active role in the lofty cause of promoting human peace and development. . China is willing to work with other countries to uphold the concept of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, explore cooperation ideas, innovate cooperation models, and continuously enrich the practice of multilateralism under the new situation.
Ladies and gentlemen, friends and comrades!
Chasing the past and touching the present, learning from the past and knowing the future. Standing at a new historical starting point, China will adhere to the path of peaceful development and always be a builder of world peace; adhere to the path of reform and opening up, and always be a contributor to global development; adhere to the path of multilateralism and always be the international order maintainer of .
"The green mountains are the same as the cloud and the rain, and the bright moon was once two towns." Let us join hands, stand on the right side of history, stand on the side of human progress, and make unremitting efforts to achieve sustainable and peaceful development of the world and to promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. struggle!
thank you all.