This year I have the great privilege of hosting a marvelous visiting scholar from China, Shasha Li. Professor Li is an Associate Professor of Law School of Dongbei University of Finance and Economics. She obtained her Bachelor of Law from Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, her Master of Law at Nankai University; ad her Doctor of Law at Jilin University. Professor Li may be contacted at fishsuncat [AT] 126.com.
I have prevailed on Professor Li to offer readers in English a glimpse at some of the rich discussion among academics who are considering the application of principles of human rights with Chinese characteristics and compatible with the Chinese political and normative system. Earlier Commentary may be accessed: first Commentary (HERE); Second Commentary (HERE ); third Commentary (HERE); fourth Commentary (HERE); fifth Commentary (HERE); sixth Commentary (HERE).
For her seventh commentary, Professor Li considers Zheng Yi, On the Connotation of the Central the Local in Constitutional Text: Observation Based on Paragraph 4 of Article 3 of the Constitution of China [郑毅 论我国宪法文本中的“中央”与“地方” ——基于我国《宪法》第3 条第4 款的考察].
Abstract: The connotation of the Central & the Local in Constitutional text is significant to the research on the central－local relationship and the recent reform in full swing on division of authority of affairs and responsibilities for spending between the central and local governments． Based on the structure of Chapter 3 of the Constitution，in addition to recognizing the central attribute enjoyed by the NPC and its Standing Committee, the Chairman and the Vice－chairman of Central Military Commission of the CPC，the State Council，the National Supervisory Commission, the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate，it is also necessary to further respond to issues such as the independence of the NPC Standing Committee，the attribute of ministries and commissions of the State Council，and the attribute of relationship between central and local judicial authorities．Moreover，the CPC Central Committee and Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference are central in the sense of institutional practice．The gap between the text and the practice should be interpreted by returning to Paragraph 4 of Article 3 of the Constitution，with focus on the differentiated interpretation of the two "central" in such paragraph． Besides the formats of local governments set forth in Article 30 of the Constitution，the Special Administrative Regions set forth in Article 31 and Taiwan Region set forth in Section IX of the Preamble are local in the broad sense． The relative independent personality, interest and finance recognized by the law provide institutional basis for regarding "local" as the counterpart of the "central" ．
Keywords: Central; Local; Paragraph 4 of Article 3 of the Constitution; Text Interpretation
[摘要: 明确“中央”与“地方”在宪法文本中的规范内涵对中央与地方关系的研究以及目前正在 进行的央地事权与支出责任划分改革意义重大。基于我国《宪法》第三章的规范结构，除肯定全国人 大及常委会、中央军委主席与副主席、国务院、国家监察委员会、最高人民法院和最高人民检察院的 “中央”属性外，仍须进一步回应全国人大常委会的独立性、国务院组成部门的属性、司法机关的中央 与地方关系属性等问题。此外，中共中央和全国政协还构成了制度实践意义上的“中央”，文本与实 践落差的解读应回归我国《宪法》第3 条第4 款，核心是对该款中两个“中央”表述的差异化解释。我 国《宪法》第30 条的地方建置类型，以及第31 条的特别行政区和序言第九段的台湾地区均属广义的 “地方”内涵。规范上相对独立的人格、利益与财政为地方作为“中央”的对应项提供了制度基础。
关键词: 中央; 地方; 宪法; 文本解释]