Structural Coupling provides the means by which systems can interact but retain their independence. It is the way in which they absorb and project stimulus that serve themselves and enhance their space within a complex system of multiple bodies.
Structural couplings have thus a double effect – inclusion and exclusion. They connect and disconnect at the same time. Everything what is included, can be used by the coupled systems, everything else cannot be used. Through these couplings, a system is able to react on “irritations and causalities” in the relevant area and transform its structures if necessary.34The couplings lead to mutual self-irritation and to reciprocal interpenetration. In the long run, the couplings thus cause a structural drift of the coupled systems. The systems remain independent, but they do have connection points and their structural developments are coordinated. Structural couplings appear in various forms. To give some examples: Property is a structural coupling between the economic system and the legal system, the Central Reserve Bank between the economic and political system, a university between the economic and scientific systems and the constitution is a coupling between the political system and the legal system. (Clemens Mattheis, "The System Theory of Niklas Luhmann and the Constitutionalization of the World Society" in GoJIL 4(2) (2012) 625-647 quote at pp. 631).
According to its self-description:
OMFIF is an independent forum for central banking, economic policy and public investment - a neutral platform for best practice in worldwide public-private sector exchanges. With offices in London and Singapore, OMFIF focuses on global policy and investment themes relating to central banks, sovereign funds, pension funds, regulators and treasuries. Global Public Investors with investable assets of $33.8tn are at the heart of this network (OMFIF, Dialogue on World Finance and Economic Policy)
The policies of 750 institutions with worldwide assets of $37.8tn have a profound effect on global markets. They are crucially important for growth prospects, the investment climate and capital markets. In monetary, financial, trade and regulatory policies, they are deeply bound up with the international economic currents of co-operation and conflict.
The 2019 annual edition of the Global Public Investor surveys GPI's performance and practices across a wide range of investments as well as their activities in the digital economy, sustainable investment and Islamic finance. Contributors include governors and economists from central banks and pension funds in Greece, Austria, Hong Kong, Singapore, France, South Africa, Mexico, Hungary, Netherlands, Japan, Philippines, and the United Kingdom.
Comprehensive data analysis looks at the global distribution of GPIs and the full GPI top 750 ranking by assets under management, where registered users can filter six years’ worth of GPI data by type of institution, and region, to chart changes in AUM and other trends.
The Working Group on Empire (WGE) of the Coalition for Peace and Ethics looks to study and theorize the construction of systems of management and control of human activities, that is of empire in the 21st century. In a series of essays that will be made available form time to time (CPE EmpireSeries), WGE considers the re-construction of Empire that has shed its old glosses (which elites everywhere have been taught to conflate with the form and thus to amalgamate a normative judgment about technique with an evaluation of the form of empire) in the context of the now heated contest for the control of the structures of global economic trade within which these new forms of empire might be developed (first described in Economic Globalization Ascendant: Four Perspectives on the Emerging Ideology of the State in the New Global Order). What will emerge is something quite distinct--a form of organization and management of institutions and individuals within a "leadership center" network that will be quite distinct from what preceded it. WGE is composed of members of the Coalition for Peace and Ethics of whom Flora Sapio, Larry Catá Backer, and James Korman have taken a leading role; its work product is collaborative.