I have been writing on the collective efforts lead by the vanguard elements of the liberal democratic camp on Chinese policy in the autonomous regions and Special Administrative Regions. Those efforts have sought to align the discourses and expectations (in the societal and private law fields) of human rights and sustainability, with national coordinated policy on global production chain decoupling from Xinjiang. Businesses in the liberal democratic camp are meant to leery of complicity with Chinese national policy that is condemned by many of their home states (see discussion in Xinjiang
in the Crosshairs of the West: H&M and the Norwegian Pension Fund
Global Add to the Pressure on Chinese Officials to Meet the Allegations
of Human Rights Abuses; cf.Remarks by Mr Trump and Mr Xi to the 75th Session of the United Nations General Assembly-- Transcript and Brief Reactions).
It was inevitable that the leadership core of the global Marxist Leninist camp would respond (以习近平同志为核心的党中央关心新疆工作纪实 [The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core cares about Xinjiang work]; and From Reform and Opening Up to Dual Circulation Strategy--China Responds to Western Economic De-Coupling Strategies With a De-Coupling Strategy of its Own).
But those are oblique responses to a direct challenge, as China sees it, both to sovereign authority within its own territories as well (and perhaps more importantly) as a direct challenge to the legitimacy and authority of Marxist-Leninism and Party leadership as the basis for its political organization. To answer both Xi Jinping chose a quite pointed venue to deliver a more full-throated defense of Chinese policy, and more importantly of the political ideology and its expression on the ground in Xinjiang (习近平出席第三次中央新疆工作座谈会并发表重要讲话 [Xi Jinping attended the third Central Xinjiang Work Symposium and delivered an important speech]). ""Facts have fully proved that China's work on ethnic affairs has been successful," he said, noting the achievements are the result of the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee, along with the concerted efforts of the whole Party and all the Chinese people including more than 25 million people from different ethnic groups in Xinjiang.. . . Facts prove that the Party's policies on Xinjiang in the new era, which were developed by the CPC Central Committee since the 18th CPC National Congress, are perfectly right and must be adhered to on a long-term basis, Xi stressed." (Xi Speech, English language annotation). But most telling for communities in the liberal democratic an theocratic governance camp was Mr. Xi's conclusion (absent from the English annotation:
We must adhere to the direction of Sinicization of Islam in Xinjiang and realize the healthy development of religion. It is necessary to do a good job in the field of ideology and carry out the project of cultural invigoration. (习近平出席第三次中央新疆工作座谈会并发表重要讲话 ).
The remarks were conceived as self consciously important. Unlike many of Mr. Xi's important remarks on New Era ideology and policy, this set of remarks was not immediately published in full. Rather an extended summary was prepared in Chinese, followed by an English language annotation. It s clear that the remarks were meant not just for domestic ears but for those of the liberal democratic camp, but only under the strict guidance of those preparing the annotation.
The text of the full summary of the remarks in Chinese, plus my crude translation follow; along with the English language annotation and brief reflections.
1. The focus of the CPC continues to be on economic and (collective) social markers as evidence of the success of ts policies. In that respect it is important to note the consequences for cross border dialogue. As a result it is quite possible that where the Chinese measure success, others will see in exactly the same data a measure of failure.That difference goes down all the way to the identification and signification of data. It is not just a matter of what data is valued, or even how data is valued, it is a matter of how data is understood. That is nicely exemplified with markers of assimilation.
The general goal of the work is to adhere to the foundation of uniting people’s hearts, to forge a sense of community of the Chinese nation, to adhere to the direction of the sinicization of China’s religion, to promote and cultivate core socialist values, to adhere to the people’s livelihood to promote high-quality development, and to strengthen the party’s work in Xinjiang Leadership. Practice has proved that the party's strategy of governing Xinjiang in the new era is completely correct and must be adhered to for a long time.
The liberal democratic camp has ,ong ago given up formal processes of assimilation of its non-dominant groups; the Chinese view it as essential to the production of a demos aligned with its conception of a unified polity. But that very process of the narrative of unity--and the way that different aspects of difference as viewed as benign or threatening--illustrates the large gulf that separates the camps. There is no bridging this gap. And the consequences affect their respective approaches both to human rights and its measure.
2. The emphasis on the sinicization of Islam cannot be underestimated. More importantly that focus applies not just to Islam but to religion in general. Vatican officials, perhaps, ought to be paying as much attention to this approach to Church-State relations as should the ummah ( أمة ) in its relation to a shaʻb (شعب ). Sinicization of religion is mentioned twice in the speech summary: (1) "We must adhere to the direction of Sinicization of Islam in Xinjiang and realize the healthy development of religion. It is necessary to do a good job in the field of ideology and carry out the project of cultural invigoration" and (2) "The general goal of the work is to adhere to the foundation of uniting people’s hearts, to forge a sense of community of the Chinese nation, to adhere to the direction of the sinicization of China’s religion, to promote and cultivate core socialist values, to adhere to the people’s livelihood to promote high-quality development, and to strengthen the party’s work in Xinjiang Leadership.."
3. The central element of economic development tied to the sinicization of Xinjiang appears to be a critical element of China's plans for its Belt and Road Initiative. Mr. Xi was said to have noted:
Xi Jinping pointed out that development is an important foundation for the long-term stability of Xinjiang. It is necessary to give full play to Xinjiang’s location advantages, drive the construction of the core area of the Silk Road Economic Belt, incorporate Xinjiang’s own regional opening strategy into the overall layout of the country’s westward opening, enrich the carriers of opening up, improve the level of opening up, and innovate and open up.
What makes this particularly interesting is the way that Xinjiang is meant t serve as an overlap zone for China's emerging "Dual Circulation" Strategy (see HERE). That has significant ramifications for China's long term internal and external strategies and helps explain why Chinese officials took he trouble in this case of providing a curated summary of the official Chinese summary of the defense by Mr. Xi of China's Xinjiang policies.
4. The ideological element is central to the overall Chinese approach. Xinjiang appears increasingly to serve as a space where the value of New Era ideology is to be vindicated.
Xi Jinping pointed out that the original mission of our party is to seek happiness for the Chinese people, including all ethnic groups in Xinjiang, and to seek rejuvenation for the Chinese nation, including all ethnic groups in Xinjiang. Party committees at all levels must align themselves with the Party’s strategy for governing Xinjiang in the new era, and consciously maintain a high degree of consistency with the Party Central Committee in terms of ideology and political action.
That alone suggests the difficulty of engaging China respecting changes in its policy--to do that would be effectively to challenge not just the Chinese Communist Party Line from the outside but to suggest that either its normative or process legitimacy ought to be called into question.
5. But more than that, the central importance of the political and ideological element also colors the approach to assimilation. Key here for the CPC is not just cultural aspects of a unified nation, but an ideological unification in which Xinjiang ethnic peoples themselves become the instrument of assimilation at the cultural and political levels.
It is necessary to constantly focus on building a team of high-quality ethnic minority cadres who are loyal to the party and possess both integrity and ability as an important task. It is necessary to establish a clear employment orientation, and to have full trust, firm solidarity, bold selection, and use of outstanding ethnic minority cadres who are politically strong and daring to assume responsibility. Outstanding performance can be directly promoted and used.
This acquires a regional character as well: "The Xinjiang Autonomous Region Party Committee is on the front line and must fulfill its main responsibilities and implement its work well. All provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in the interior of China must do a good job in Xinjiang-related work and support Xinjiang's stability and development. "
6. Lastly, it appears Xinjiang may serve as a testing ground for more advance big data social credit systems. Mr. Xi noted: "It is necessary to comprehensively form a social governance system featuring party committee leadership, government responsibility, social coordination, public participation, and rule of law guarantees, and create a social governance pattern featuring joint construction, co-governance and sharing." This is unlikely t happen without a tight network of social credit measures in place designed to reduce the assimilation expectations of the central authorities to measurable bits that can be data harvested, analyzed and then reduced to a rating that produces rewards or punishments in real time.
2020-09-26 18:40:54 来源： 新华网
李克强主持 栗战书王沪宁赵乐际韩正出席 汪洋讲话
Xi Jinping: Persist in governing Xinjiang according to law, unite and stabilize the culture of Xinjiang, moisten the territory, enrich the people, rejuvenate the territory and build the territory for a long time, and strive to build a new era of socialist Xinjiang with Chinese characteristics
2020-09-26 18:40:54 Source: Xinhuanet
Xi Jinping emphasized at the third Central Xinjiang Work Symposium
Insisting on governing Xinjiang according to law, uniting and stabilizing the Xinjiang culture
Efforts to build a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics in Xinjiang
Li Keqiang hosted Li Zhanshu, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji, and Han Zheng attended a speech by Wang Yang
Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, September 26. The third Central Xinjiang Work Symposium was held in Beijing from September 25 to 26. Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, State President, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission attended the meeting and delivered important speeches. Xi Jinping emphasized that to do well in Xinjiang at present and in the future, we must fully and accurately implement the Party’s strategy for governing Xinjiang in the new era, firmly stick to the general goal of Xinjiang’s work, governing Xinjiang according to law, uniting and stabilizing Xinjiang, culturally moistening Xinjiang, and enriching and rejuvenating Xinjiang. , Long-term construction of Xinjiang, with the promotion of the modernization of governance system and governance capabilities as the guarantee, seek long-term strategies, and consolidate the foundation of multiple actions, and strive to build a society with Chinese characteristics in a new era of unity, harmony, prosperity, civilization, progress, peaceful living and work, and a sound ecology Doctrine of Xinjiang.
Li Keqiang presided over the meeting. Li Zhanshu, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji and Han Zheng attended the meeting. Wang Yang made a concluding speech.
Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech that since the second Central Xinjiang Work Symposium, the work in Xinjiang has achieved great results through hard work in all aspects. Unprecedented achievements have been made in Xinjiang’s economic and social development and the improvement of people’s livelihood, and the sense of gain, happiness, and security among the people of all ethnic groups has continued to increase. First, economic development continues to improve. From 2014 to 2019, the GDP of Xinjiang increased from 919.59 billion yuan to 135.71 billion yuan, an average annual growth of 7.2%. General public budget revenue increased from 128.23 billion yuan to 157.76 billion yuan, an average annual increase of 5.7%. The infrastructure has been continuously improved, and all prefectures and cities have entered the era of expressways. Second, people's lives have improved significantly. From 2014 to 2019, the per capita disposable income of Xinjiang residents grew at an average annual rate of 9.1%. More than 1.69 million rural housing projects and more than 1.56 million urban affordable housing projects have been completed, and more than 10 million people have moved to new homes. The level of basic public services in urban and rural areas has been continuously improved, the social security system has become more and more perfect, the implementation of free health check-ups for all people, the conditions of medical facilities in agricultural and pastoral areas have been significantly improved, the standardization rate of township hospitals and village clinics has reached 100%, and the basic medical insurance participation rate of residents Reached 99.7%. The third is to achieve decisive achievements in poverty alleviation. In 2014, Xinjiang registered a total of 779,000 poor households and 3.089 million people, 3,666 poor villages, and 32 poor counties. As of 2019, a total of 2,923,200 people in Xinjiang have been lifted out of poverty, 3107 poor villages have been withdrawn, and 22 poor counties have been removed. The poverty incidence has fallen from 19.4% in 2014 to 1.24%. Among them, 2.511 million people were lifted out of poverty in the 4 prefectures of southern Xinjiang, 2,683 poor villages were withdrawn, and 16 poor counties were decapitated. The poverty incidence dropped from 29.1% in 2014 to 2.21%. The outstanding problems of "two no worries and three guarantees" have been basically solved. Children in the compulsory education stage of poor families have been dynamically cleared out of school due to poverty and dropouts. The participation rate of basic medical insurance and critical illness insurance for the poor has reached 100%, and the relocation task of poverty alleviation and relocation has been completed. , The production and living conditions of the poor have been greatly improved. Fourth, the central government's support and national counterpart assistance to Xinjiang have been continuously increasing. From 2014 to 2019, the central government's transfer payments to the Xinjiang Autonomous Region and the Corps increased from 263.69 billion yuan to 422.48 billion yuan, an average annual increase of 10.4%. In the six years, Xinjiang has supported more than 2 trillion yuan in total. The 19 Xinjiang aided provinces and cities have strengthened all-round counterpart support, invested a total of 96.4 billion yuan in aid to Xinjiang (including the Corps), implemented more than 10,000 aid projects in Xinjiang, introduced 1.684 billion yuan in place for aid to Xinjiang enterprises and invested by central enterprises More than 700 billion yuan. On the whole, Xinjiang presents a good situation of social stability and people living and working in peace and contentment, laying a solid foundation for long-term stability. Facts have fully proved that our nation’s work has been successful. These achievements are the result of the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee, the result of the joint struggle of the whole party and the people of the whole country, and the wisdom and sweat of more than 25 million children of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang. On behalf of the Party Central Committee, Xi Jinping expressed sincere condolences to the comrades participating in and supporting Xinjiang work on all fronts, to the masses of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang, and to the cadres and workers who are working hard at the grassroots level.
Xi Jinping emphasized that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee has deepened its understanding and grasp of the laws governing Xinjiang, forming a new era of the Party’s strategy for governing Xinjiang, insisting on strategically reviewing and planning Xinjiang work, and insisting on taking social stability and long-term stability as Xinjiang’s The general goal of the work is to adhere to the foundation of uniting people’s hearts, to forge a sense of community of the Chinese nation, to adhere to the direction of the sinicization of China’s religion, to promote and cultivate core socialist values, to adhere to the people’s livelihood to promote high-quality development, and to strengthen the party’s work in Xinjiang Leadership. Practice has proved that the party's strategy of governing Xinjiang in the new era is completely correct and must be adhered to for a long time. The entire party must take the implementation of the party's strategy for governing Xinjiang in the new era as a political task, and work hard to implement it completely and accurately to ensure that Xinjiang work always maintains the correct political direction.
Xi Jinping pointed out that to maintain the overall stability of Xinjiang’s society for a long time, it is necessary to hold high the banner of socialist rule of law, promote the spirit of rule of law, and implement the requirements of comprehensive rule of law in all areas of Xinjiang work. It is necessary to comprehensively form a social governance system featuring party committee leadership, government responsibility, social coordination, public participation, and rule of law guarantees, and create a social governance pattern featuring joint construction, co-governance and sharing.
Xi Jinping emphasized that it is necessary to build a strong sense of community of the Chinese nation as the main line and continuously consolidate the unity of all ethnic groups. Xinjiang has been an area inhabited by many ethnic groups since ancient times, and all ethnic groups in Xinjiang are family members of the Chinese nation. It is necessary to strengthen the study of the history of the Chinese nation community and the structure of the pluralistic integration of the Chinese nation, incorporate the awareness education of the Chinese nation community into Xinjiang's cadre education, youth education, and social education, and educate and guide the cadres and masses of all ethnic groups to establish a correct outlook on the country, history, and nationality. The concept of culture and religion have rooted the consciousness of the Chinese nation’s community in the depths of the soul. It is necessary to promote extensive exchanges, comprehensive exchanges, and deep integration of all ethnic groups. We must adhere to the direction of Sinicization of Islam in Xinjiang and realize the healthy development of religion. It is necessary to do a good job in the field of ideology and carry out the project of cultural invigoration.
Xi Jinping pointed out that development is an important foundation for the long-term stability of Xinjiang. It is necessary to give full play to Xinjiang’s location advantages, drive the construction of the core area of the Silk Road Economic Belt, incorporate Xinjiang’s own regional opening strategy into the overall layout of the country’s westward opening, enrich the carriers of opening up, improve the level of opening up, and innovate and open up. The economic system is to create highlands that are open inland and open to borders. It is necessary to promote efficiency enhancement, transformation and upgrading of the industrial base, cultivate and expand Xinjiang's characteristic advantageous industries, and drive local people to increase their income and become rich. It is necessary to plan and construct scientifically to comprehensively improve the quality of urbanization. We must adhere to the concept that green waters and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, resolutely maintain the red line of ecological protection, and coordinate the development of sand control and water control and forest and grassland protection to make the sky bluer, mountains greener, and water clearer in Xinjiang.
Xi Jinping emphasized that it is necessary to coordinate epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, do a good job of "six front stability", strategy implement the "six guarantees" tasks, and persevere in the two major issues of poverty alleviation and employment promotion. It is necessary to improve and improve the monitoring and assistance system for preventing poverty, continue to promote the organic connection of comprehensive poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, and focus on strengthening the endogenous development motivation and development vitality to ensure that development and sustainability can be achieved after poverty. We must increase policy support, innovate systems and mechanisms, and adhere to the organic combination of nearby local employment and orderly transfer of employment. We must vigorously promote the economic and social development of southern Xinjiang and the improvement of people's livelihood. It is necessary to tell the story of Xinjiang in a multi-level, all-round, and three-dimensional manner, and confidently promote the excellent social stability of Xinjiang and the happy life of the people in peace and contentment.
Xi Jinping pointed out that the original mission of our party is to seek happiness for the Chinese people, including all ethnic groups in Xinjiang, and to seek rejuvenation for the Chinese nation, including all ethnic groups in Xinjiang. Party committees at all levels must align themselves with the Party’s strategy for governing Xinjiang in the new era, and consciously maintain a high degree of consistency with the Party Central Committee in terms of ideology and political action. It is necessary to unremittingly strengthen the education of ideals and beliefs, highlight political training, and normalize the identification of the political qualities of cadres to ensure that leadership at all levels is always firmly in the hands of loyal, clean and responsible cadres. It is necessary to increase the training and training efforts, study and formulate the training and training plan for Xinjiang's cadre team, and focus on cultivating a cadre team with a solid theoretical foundation, a good grasp of policies, and a strong practical ability. It is necessary to constantly focus on building a team of high-quality ethnic minority cadres who are loyal to the party and possess both integrity and ability as an important task. It is necessary to establish a clear employment orientation, and to have full trust, firm solidarity, bold selection, and use of outstanding ethnic minority cadres who are politically strong and daring to assume responsibility. Outstanding performance can be directly promoted and used.
Xi Jinping emphasized that cadres of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang are trustworthy and capable of fighting. They should be politically motivated, supported by work, guaranteed for remuneration, concerned about life, and cared for psychologically. Effective measures should be studied to stabilize the cadre and talent team in Xinjiang. It is necessary to promote the national spirit and the spirit of the times, practice the Populus euphratica spirit and the Bingtuan spirit, and encourage cadres at all levels to take root in the border and contribute to the border in the new era.
Xi Jinping pointed out that doing a good job in Xinjiang is a major issue for the whole party and the country. It is necessary to firmly establish a national chess ideology and improve the working mechanism of the party’s central leadership, the support and guidance of the central government, the support and cooperation of various provinces and cities, and Xinjiang's main role. The Central Xinjiang Work Coordination Group must, under the leadership of the Party Central Committee, strengthen research and judgment on the situation, policy research, coordination and guidance, supervision and inspection of Xinjiang work, and promptly put forward work opinions on major issues. The relevant departments of the central government should perform their duties, cooperate closely, conduct in-depth investigation and supervision, find problems in time, and help solve difficulties. The Xinjiang Autonomous Region Party Committee is on the front line and must fulfill its main responsibilities and implement its work well. All provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in the interior of China must do a good job in Xinjiang-related work and support Xinjiang's stability and development. All aid provinces and cities in Xinjiang should strengthen coordination and cooperation with Xinjiang, adhere to counterpart aid to Xinjiang for a long time, and enhance the comprehensive benefits of counterpart aid to Xinjiang. We must continue to deepen reforms, strengthen the building of stability maintenance capabilities, continue to enhance the organizational advantages and mobilization capabilities of the Corps, and better play its special role.
When presiding over the meeting, Li Keqiang pointed out that General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech comprehensively summarized the major achievements of Xinjiang work since the second Central Xinjiang Work Symposium, deeply analyzed the current situation facing Xinjiang work, and explained the party’s governance of Xinjiang in the new era. The strategy clarifies the guiding ideology, objectives, tasks, principles, policies, and strategic measures of Xinjiang work at present and in the future, and comprehensively deploys key tasks for promoting social stability and long-term stability in Xinjiang. It has a strong political, ideological and theoretical nature. Programmatic documents to guide Xinjiang's work in the new era. It is necessary to study and understand conscientiously, think deeply in combination with actual work, and study and implement measures. We must conscientiously unify our thoughts and actions with the Party Central Committee’s decision-making and deployment on Xinjiang’s work, guided by Xi Jinping’s thoughts on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, strengthen the “four consciousnesses”, strengthen the “four confidences”, and achieve “two safeguards”. "Unswervingly grasp the implementation of various tasks and promote social stability and long-term stability in Xinjiang.
Wang Yang pointed out in his concluding speech that General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech is high-minded, profound, and rich in content. It is a programmatic document guiding Xinjiang work in the new era, and a powerful ideological weapon to lead Xinjiang’s work in integrity, innovation and victory. It is necessary to learn deeply and thoroughly understand the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech as an important political task, truly grasp the core principles and spiritual essence, and turn the process of learning into a process of raising awareness and improving work. It is necessary to fully and accurately understand and adhere to the party's strategy for governing Xinjiang in the new era for a long time, and implement it in light of actual conditions to ensure that Xinjiang work is always moving in the right direction. It is necessary to firmly grasp the overall goals of Xinjiang's work, seek long-term strategies, implement actions that consolidate the foundation, and focus on deep-seated issues related to long-term stability. Xinjiang and various central departments must formulate implementation opinions to implement the spirit of the meeting, and break down key tasks one by one, and turn the party Central Committee's decision-making and deployment into actual work results. It is necessary to strengthen organizational leadership and coordination, compact work responsibilities, and strengthen supervision and inspection. It is necessary to organize and carry out a variety of propaganda and publicity activities to promote the spirit of the meeting to reach the grassroots and root among the people.
In Beijing, members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, secretary of the Central Secretariat, relevant leading comrades of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, state councilors, president of the Supreme People's Court, chief prosecutor of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, and relevant leading comrades of the CPPCC attended the meeting.
The comrades in charge of the party and government of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and the comrades in charge of the party and government of various prefectures and cities, the comrades in charge of the party and government of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps and the comrades in charge of the party and government of all divisions, comrades in charge of other provinces, autonomous regions and cities, and comrades in charge of relevant departments of the central and state agencies Responsible comrades of relevant people's organizations, financial institutions, central enterprises, and relevant military units attended the meeting.
Xi underlined the need to fully and faithfully implement the CPC's policies on governing Xinjiang for the new era.
Xi demanded law-based governance and long-term efforts to develop Xinjiang into a region that is united, harmonious, prosperous, and culturally advanced, with healthy ecosystems and people living and working in contentment.
Thanks to strenuous efforts from all sides since the second symposium in 2014, major progress has been achieved in the work related to Xinjiang, Xi said, citing a series of markedly improving key indicators from 2014 to 2019, such as a sound economic momentum with an average annual GDP growth rate of 7.2 percent, people's living standards being significantly improved with an average annual 9.1 percent growth in residential per capita disposable income, and more than 2.92 million out of 3.09 million people being lifted out of poverty.
Such a sound situation where people live and work in contentment has laid a solid foundation for long-term peace and stability in Xinjiang, Xi said.
"Facts have fully proved that China's work on ethnic affairs has been successful," he said, noting the achievements are the result of the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee, along with the concerted efforts of the whole Party and all the Chinese people including more than 25 million people from different ethnic groups in Xinjiang.
Facts prove that the Party's policies on Xinjiang in the new era, which were developed by the CPC Central Committee since the 18th CPC National Congress, are perfectly right and must be adhered to on a long-term basis, Xi stressed.
He demanded the entire Party make implementing the Party's Xinjiang policies in the new era a political task, always maintaining the correct political orientation of the work related to Xinjiang.
Xi noted that the banner of socialist rule of law must be held high to maintain lasting social stability in Xinjiang, ensuring that the requirement for fully advancing China's law-based governance covers all areas of the work related to Xinjiang.
Xi stressed efforts to focus on heightening a sense of identity of the Chinese nation to constantly strengthen ethnic unity.
The education on the sense of Chinese identity should be incorporated into the education of officials and the younger generation in Xinjiang as well as its social education, helping the officials and the general public of all ethnic groups develop an accurate understanding of country, history, ethnicity, culture and religion, to let the sense of Chinese identity take root in people, he said.
Noting that development is an important foundation for lasting peace and stability in Xinjiang, Xi stressed leveraging the region's geographical advantages to develop Xinjiang as a core area of the Silk Road Economic Belt and a hub of opening-up in the inland and border areas.
Xi urged efforts to consolidate the foundation and increase the efficiency of the industrial sector in Xinjiang, advance industrial transformation and upgrading, and boost urbanization in an all-round way while protecting the environment.
Stressing the need to coordinate epidemic containment with economic and social development, Xi called for ensuring stability on six fronts -- employment, the financial sector, foreign trade, foreign investment, domestic investment, and expectations -- while maintaining security in six areas: job security, basic living needs, operations of market entities, food and energy, stable industrial and supply chains, and the normal functioning of primary-level governments.
He also called for unremitting efforts to eradicate poverty and promote employment in Xinjiang.
Xi pointed out that the original aspiration and mission of the Party is to seek happiness for the Chinese people, including people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang, and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, including various ethnic groups in Xinjiang.
He urged continuous efforts to foster a contingent of high-caliber officials from ethnic-minority groups in Xinjiang who are loyal to the Party and have both integrity and ability, saying that the officials in Xinjiang are trustworthy and capable.
Underscoring the great significance of Xinjiang-related work to the whole Party and the entire country, Xi asked for improvement in working mechanism in which the CPC Central Committee exerts the unified leadership, the central departments offer guidance and support, other provincial-level regions render support and cooperation, and Xinjiang plays its principal role.
Other senior Chinese leaders also attended the symposium, which was presided over by Li Keqiang. Li Zhanshu, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji and Han Zheng were in attendance, while Wang Yang spoke to sum up the event.