|Venus and Mars, c 1485. National Gallery, London|
At the 5th Plenary Sess. of the CPC, I emphasized that my country's construction of socialist modernization has many important characteristics, one of which is that my country's modernization is a modernization in which man and nature coexist in harmony, and it focuses on the simultaneous promotion of the construction of material civilization and ecological civilization. (Xi Jinping, Efforts to build a modernization of harmonious coexistence between man and nature, Qiushi 31 May 2022 (我在党的十九届五中全会上强调，我国建设社会主义现代化具有许多重要特征，其中之一就是我国现代化是人与自然和谐共生的现代化，))
Chinese Marxist dialectics has sought to produce a union of development and of sustainability as the synthesis of the oppositions of (1) development and modernization (the thesis of the Reform and Opening Up Era) on the one hand, and (2) environmental sensitivity and sustainability (the antithesis at the core of the current principal contradiction of the New Era). In a recently published version of remarks made in 30 April 2022, Xi Jinping is quoted as remarking in this vein that "Practice has shown that ecological environmental protection and economic development are dialectically unified and mutually reinforcing."(Xi Jinping, Efforts to build a modernization of harmonious coexistence, supra (实践表明，生态环境保护和经济发展是辩证统一、相辅相成的，建设生态文明) speech delivered by Gen. Sec. Xi at the 29th collective study of the Politburo of the 19th Central Committee 30 April 2021 (这是习近平总书记2021年4月30日在十九届中央政治局第二十九次集体学习时的讲话)).
In the remarks, Mr. Xi weaves together strands from many of his prior remarks about elements of what will emerge as a comprehensive conceptualization of Socialist sustainable development both as an answer to Western criticism that Chinese Marxist-Leninism is devoid of solutions to the contradiction between traditional development frameworks and emerging sustainability principles ("Pressure is being exerted on my country in many ways, and the game of major powers around ecological and environmental issues is very fierce." Xi Jinping, Efforts to build a modernization of harmonious coexistence, supra (多方面对我国施压，围绕生态环境问题的大国博弈十分激烈。). But the effort is not entirelñy driven by reaction to criticism; there are strong elements of proactive construction consonant with and advancing MChinese Marxist Leninist theory in its New Era configuration.
To that end, Mr. Xi proposes now a five prong approach that is to serve as the framework for the conceptualization of the synthesis and the guide to the construction and implementation of specific policies at the national, provincial, local. . . and international levels). Whether it works or not remains to be seen--either as a conceptual model or in practice; yet this is the very challenge facing the equally vigorous efforts being undertaken within liberal democratic collectives which also remain to be fully elaborated and tested (see,Brief Thoughts on "Sustainable Global Supply Chains: G7 Leadership on UNGP Implementation Report by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights for the 2022 German Presidency of the G7").
The five point approach was nicely described in the speech itself (Xi Jinping, Efforts to build a modernization of harmonious coexistence, supra):
第一，坚持不懈推动绿色低碳发展。我多次强调，生态环境问题归根到底是发展方式和生活方式问题。建立健全绿色低碳循环发展经济体系、促进经济社会发展全面绿色转型是解决我国生态环境问题的基础之策。("First, unremittingly promote green and low-carbon development. I have emphasized many times that ecological and environmental issues are, in the final analysis, issues of development methods and lifestyles. Establishing and improving a green, low-carbon and circular development economic system and promoting a comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development are the basic strategies to solve my country's ecological and environmental problems.").
Pix credit Veronese 1570s Mars and Venus United by Love
第二，深入打好污染防治攻坚战。现在，人民群众对生态环境质量的期望值更高，对生态环境问题的容忍度更低。要集中攻克老百姓身边的突出生态环境问题，让老百姓实实在在感受到生态环境质量改善。("Second, we must do a good job in the tough battle of pollution prevention and control. Now, the people have higher expectations for the quality of the ecological environment and lower tolerance for ecological and environmental problems. It is necessary to focus on overcoming the prominent ecological and environmental problems around the common people, so that the common people can truly feel the improvement of the quality of the ecological environment.")
第三，提升生态系统质量和稳定性。这既是增加优质生态产品供给的必然要求，也是减缓和适应气候变化带来不利影响的重要手段。“草木植成，国之富也。("Third, improve the quality and stability of the ecosystem. This is not only an inevitable requirement to increase the supply of high-quality ecological products, but also an important means to mitigate and adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. "When plants and trees are planted, the country is rich.").
第四，积极推动全球可持续发展。保护生态环境、应对气候变化，是全人类面临的共同挑战。("Fourth, actively promote global sustainable development. Protecting the ecological environment and responding to climate change are common challenges faced by all mankind.")
第五，提高生态环境领域国家治理体系和治理能力现代化水平。要健全党委领导、政府主导、企业主体、社会组织和公众共同参与的现代环境治理体系，构建一体谋划、一体部署、一体推进、一体考核的制度机制。("Fifth, improve the modernization level of the national governance system and governance capacity in the field of ecological environment. It is necessary to improve the modern environmental governance system led by the party committee, led by the government, and participated by the main body of enterprises, social organizations and the public, and build an institutional mechanism for integrated planning, integrated deployment, integrated promotion, and integrated assessment.").
|Pix Credit HERE|
There are substantially more clues about the approach, again at a very great level of generality as these things are usually undertaken from the center in China. But still, enough to chew on in comparative study. More importantly, it suggests the basis around which conversation about the forms, practice and expression of human rights and development--whether or not centered on the human (here) will likely take place in international arenas where China will seek to promote its concepts and practices (and pitch them most strongly at developing states) (see here).
These clues will be essential for the process, as the UN has now "unveiled a new China strategy to help businesses in China to work towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). . . [which] identifies seven areas where UN Global Compact wants to further engage with Chinese governments at all levels, businesses and other stakeholders to maximize impact. " (UN launches new strategy to boost engagement with China).
The original Chinese text follows along with a crude English translation.
来源：《求是》2022/11 作者：习近平 2022-05-31 15:12:30
2018年5月18日至19日，全国生态环境保护大会在北京召开。中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平出席会议并发表重要讲话。 新华社记者 王晔/摄
2022年3月30日，党和国家领导人习近平、李克强、栗战书、汪洋、王沪宁、赵乐际、韩正、王岐山等来到北京市大兴区黄村镇参加首都义务植树活动。这是习近平同大家一起植树。 新华社记者 黄敬文/摄
2019年8月19日至22日，中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平在甘肃考察。这是21日上午，习近平在武威市古浪县八步沙林场同“六老汉”代表及林场职工亲切交谈。 新华社记者 鞠鹏/摄
Efforts to build a modernization of harmonious coexistence between man and nature
Source: "Seeking Truth" 2022/11 Author: Xi Jinping 2022-05-31 15:12:30
Efforts to build a modernization of harmonious coexistence between man and nature※
Today, the Political Bureau of the Central Committee conducted the 29th collective study, the content of which is to strengthen the construction of my country's ecological civilization under the new situation. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Political Bureau of the Central Committee has conducted collective studies on topics related to the construction of ecological civilization twice. This is the third time. The purpose of arranging this study is to grasp the new tasks and new requirements for the construction of ecological civilization in entering a new stage of development, implementing new development concepts, and building a new development pattern, analyze the new situation faced by the construction of ecological civilization in my country, and promote the harmonious coexistence of man and nature. modernization.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, we have strengthened the Party's overall leadership over the construction of ecological civilization, placed the construction of ecological civilization in a prominent position in the overall work, and made a series of major strategic arrangements. In the overall layout of "five in one", ecological civilization construction is one of them; in the basic strategy of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, adhering to the harmonious coexistence of man and nature is one of them; in the new development concept, green It is one of them; in the three major battles, pollution prevention and control is one of them; in the goal of building a powerful modern socialist country by the middle of this century, beautiful China is one of them. This fully reflects our understanding of the importance of ecological civilization construction, and clarifies the important position of ecological civilization construction in the overall development of the party and the country.
We have comprehensively strengthened the construction of ecological civilization, systematically planned the reform of the ecological civilization system, and integrated the management of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand, and carried out a series of fundamental, pioneering and long-term work. The construction of civilization has undergone historical, turning and overall changes from recognition to practice. I have successively issued instructions and instructions on typical cases such as the ecological destruction of the Qilian Mountains in Gansu, the illegal construction of villas at the northern foot of the Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi, and the illegal mining in the Muli mining area in Qinghai. In the past 9 years, the blue sky and white clouds have reappeared, the green territory has been continuously expanded, the development of the green economy has been accelerated, the energy and material consumption has been continuously reduced, the heavy smoke and haze have been effectively suppressed, the black and odorous water bodies have been significantly reduced, the urban and rural environment has become more livable, and the construction of a beautiful China has taken solid steps. , the idea that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets has become the consensus and action of the whole party and the whole society. According to NASA satellite data, between 2000 and 2017, about a quarter of the world's new green areas came from China. my country leads the global climate change negotiation process, actively promotes the signing, entry into force and implementation of the Paris Agreement, announcing that carbon dioxide emissions will peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality will be achieved by 2060. The achievements of my country's ecological civilization construction have also been widely recognized by the international community.
From May 18th to 19th, 2018, the National Ecological Environmental Protection Conference was held in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech. Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Ye / photo
Practice has shown that ecological environmental protection and economic development are dialectically unified and mutually reinforcing. Building ecological civilization and promoting green, low-carbon and cyclical development can not only meet the people's growing needs for a beautiful ecological environment, but also promote the realization of higher quality and efficient, more equitable, more sustainable and safer development, and embark on a civilized development path with production development, affluent life and good ecology.
Restoring and improving the ecological environment is a process that requires long-term and arduous efforts. It cannot be accomplished overnight. It must be persistent and hardworking. At present, the construction of ecological civilization in my country still faces many contradictions and challenges. The foundation for the improvement of the ecological environment is not stable. The inflection point from quantitative change to qualitative change has not yet arrived. Compared with the people's expectations for a better life, the quality of the ecological environment is Compared with the goal of building a beautiful China, and the requirements of building a new development pattern, promoting high-quality development, and building a modern socialist country in an all-round way, there is still a big gap. There is a process of adjustment of my country's industrial structure. The proportion of traditional industries is still relatively high, strategic emerging industries and high-tech industries have not yet grown into leading forces of economic growth, the energy structure has not been fundamentally changed, and pollution problems in key areas and industries have not been The fundamental solution is to achieve carbon peaking and carbon neutrality. Promoting green and low-carbon development is the international trend and the general trend, and green economy has become the commanding heights of global industrial competition. Some Western countries are playing the "environmental card" against my country, putting pressure on my country in many ways.
On March 30, 2022, Party and state leaders Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Li Zhanshu, Wang Yang, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji, Han Zheng, Wang Qishan and others came to Huangcun Town, Daxing District, Beijing to participate in the capital's voluntary tree planting activities. This is Xi Jinping planting trees with everyone. Xinhua News Agency reporter Huang Jingwen / photo
At the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, I emphasized that my country's construction of socialist modernization has many important characteristics, one of which is that my country's modernization is a modernization in which man and nature coexist in harmony, and it focuses on the simultaneous promotion of the construction of material civilization and ecological civilization. During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, my country's ecological civilization construction has entered a critical period in which carbon reduction is the key strategic direction, the synergy of pollution reduction and carbon reduction is promoted, the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development is promoted, and the improvement of ecological environment quality has changed from quantitative to qualitative. It is necessary to completely, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development concept, maintain strategic focus, plan economic and social development from the perspective of harmonious coexistence between man and nature, adhere to the basic national policy of saving resources and protecting the environment, and insist on giving priority to conservation, protection, and natural restoration. The main policy is to form a spatial pattern, industrial structure, production method, and way of life for saving resources and protecting the environment, coordinating pollution control, ecological protection, and responding to climate change, promoting the continuous improvement of the ecological environment, and striving to build a modernization where man and nature coexist in harmony .
First, unremittingly promote green and low-carbon development. I have emphasized many times that the issue of ecological environment is, in the final analysis, the issue of development mode and way of life. Establishing and improving a green, low-carbon and circular development economic system and promoting a comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development are the basic strategies to solve my country's ecological and environmental problems. On March 15, I presided over the ninth meeting of the Central Finance and Economics Committee, and studied and deployed the basic ideas and major measures to achieve carbon peaking and carbon neutrality. It is necessary to realize the synergy of pollution reduction and carbon reduction as the general starting point for promoting the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development, and accelerate the adjustment of industrial structure, energy structure, transportation structure, and land use structure. It is necessary to strengthen land space planning and use control, implement spatial control boundaries such as ecological protection, basic farmland, and urban development, implement the strategy of main functional areas, and delineate and strictly observe ecological protection red lines. It is necessary to seize the source of resource utilization, promote the management of total resources, scientific allocation, comprehensive conservation and recycling, and comprehensively improve the efficiency of resource utilization. It is necessary to grasp the key of industrial structure adjustment, accelerate the development of strategic emerging industries, high-tech industries, and modern service industries, promote clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient use of energy, and continue to reduce the intensity of carbon emissions. It is necessary to solve the problem of insufficient scientific and technological support for promoting green and low-carbon development, to strengthen scientific and technological research such as carbon capture, utilization and storage technology, and zero-carbon industrial process. I support efforts at enhancing re-engineering technology, and the transformation of green and low-carbon technological innovations, as well as to develop green finance and support green technology innovation.
I have emphasized many times that reducing carbon dioxide emissions and addressing climate change are not what others want us to do, but what we do ourselves. Achieving carbon peaking and carbon neutrality is a solemn commitment that my country has made to the world, and it is also an extensive and profound economic and social transformation, which is by no means easy to achieve. Now, some departments and localities still have a strong urge to launch high-energy-consuming and high-emission projects. At the seminar on the study and implementation of the spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee held in January this year for leading cadres at the provincial and ministerial levels, I specifically emphasized the need to guard against eight misunderstandings, one of which is to expand domestic demand and form domestic Opportunities for a large market, and large-scale projects with high energy consumption and high emissions. Relevant departments and localities must strictly control the threshold, and projects that do not meet the requirements must be resolutely taken down! Party committees and governments at all levels must have the energy to grasp the traces of iron and stamp on the stone, clarify the timetable, roadmap, and construction drawings, and promote economic and social development based on the efficient use of resources and green and low-carbon development.
From August 19 to 22, 2019, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping inspected Gansu. This is the morning of the 21st. Xi Jinping had a cordial conversation with representatives of the "six old men" and forest farm workers at Babusha Forest Farm in Gulang County, Wuwei City. Xinhua News Agency reporter Ju Peng / photo
Second, we need to fight the tough battle of pollution prevention and control. Now, the people have higher expectations for the quality of the ecological environment and lower tolerance for ecological and environmental problems. It is necessary to focus on overcoming the prominent ecological and environmental problems around the common people, so that the common people can truly feel the improvement of the ecological environment quality. We must adhere to precise pollution control, scientific pollution control, and law-based pollution control, maintain strength, extend depth, and broaden breadth, and continue to fight for the defense of blue sky, clear water, and pure land. It is necessary to strengthen the coordinated control of multiple pollutants and regional coordinated governance, strengthen the coordinated control of fine particulate matter and ozone, and basically eliminate heavily polluted weather. It is necessary to coordinate the management of water resources, water environment and water ecology, strengthen the prevention and control of pollution of rivers, lakes and reservoirs and ecological protection, build beautiful bays, effectively protect the safety of drinking water for residents, and resolutely control urban black and odorous water bodies. It is necessary to promote the prevention and control of soil pollution, and effectively control the soil pollution risks of agricultural land and construction land. It is necessary to implement garbage classification, reduction and recycling, strengthen the control of white pollution, strengthen the collection and treatment of hazardous waste and medical waste, strengthen the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution, and pay attention to the treatment of new pollutants. It is necessary to promote the extension of pollution control to townships and rural areas, strengthen the control of agricultural non-point source pollution, and significantly improve the rural living environment.
Third, improve the quality and stability of the ecosystem. This is not only an inevitable requirement to increase the supply of high-quality ecological products, but also an important means to mitigate and adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. "Plants are planted, and the country is rich." A good ecology itself contains economic and social value. It is necessary to adhere to the system concept, proceed from the integrity of the ecosystem, promote the integrated protection and restoration of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand, and pay more attention to comprehensive management, systematic management, and source management. It is necessary to speed up the construction of a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body, and improve the supervision system for natural reserves and ecological protection red lines. It is necessary to establish and improve the value realization mechanism of ecological products, so that the protection and restoration of the ecological environment can obtain reasonable returns, and the damage to the ecological environment can be paid accordingly. It is necessary to scientifically promote the comprehensive management of desertification, rocky desertification, and soil erosion, and carry out large-scale land greening actions. It is necessary to promote the recuperation of grasslands, forests, rivers and lakes, implement a ten-year ban on fishing in the Yangtze River, and improve the system of fallow farming and rotation. It is necessary to implement major biodiversity conservation projects, strengthen the control of alien species, and hold the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Fourth, actively promote global sustainable development. Protecting the ecological environment and responding to climate change are common challenges faced by all mankind. We must uphold the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind, actively participate in global environmental governance, strengthen international cooperation in the fields of climate change, marine pollution control, biodiversity protection, etc., earnestly implement international conventions, and take the initiative to undertake an environment that is compatible with national conditions, development stages and capabilities. Governance obligations, provide more public goods for the world, continuously strengthen institutional rights, achieve a balance between obligations and rights, and show my country's image as a responsible major country. It is necessary to give full play to the leading role of major developing countries, strengthen South-South cooperation and cooperation with neighboring countries, provide developing countries with financial and technical support within their capabilities, help improve their environmental governance capabilities, and jointly build a green Belt and Road Initiative. We must adhere to the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities, fairness and respective capabilities, firmly uphold multilateralism, effectively respond to the attempts of some Western countries to "regulate" my country, and resolutely safeguard my country's development interests.
Fifth, improve the modernization level of the national governance system and governance capacity in the field of ecological environment. It is necessary to improve the modern environmental governance system led by the party committee, led by the government, and participated by the main body of enterprises, social organizations and the public, and build an institutional mechanism for integrated planning, integrated deployment, integrated promotion, and integrated assessment. It is necessary to further promote the reform of the ecological civilization system, strengthen the legal and policy guarantees for green development, and improve the property rights system and laws and regulations of natural resources assets. It is necessary to improve the management of binding indicators for environmental protection, energy conservation and emission reduction, and establish a sound and stable financial capital investment mechanism. It is necessary to fully implement the emission permit system, promote the market-based trading of emission rights, energy use rights, water rights, and carbon emission rights, and establish and improve risk management and control mechanisms. We must vigorously publicize green civilization, enhance national awareness of conservation, environmental protection, and ecology, advocate a simple, moderate, green and low-carbon lifestyle, and transform the building of a beautiful China into conscious actions of all people.
On May 18, 2018, I proposed at the National Ecological Environmental Protection Conference that my country's ecological civilization construction is in a critical period of superimposed pressure and heavy load, and has entered a beautiful ecological environment that provides more high-quality ecological products to meet the people's growing number of people. The critical period that is needed has also come to a window period when conditions and capabilities are available to solve outstanding problems in the ecological environment. Party committees and governments at all levels must improve their political judgment, political comprehension, and political execution, have a "great nation" in mind, shoulder the political responsibility for ecological civilization construction, resolutely enforce orders and prohibitions, and ensure that the Party Central Committee makes decisions on ecological civilization construction that are effectively deployed.
※This is the speech delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping at the twenty-ninth collective study of the Political Bureau of the Nineteenth Central Committee on April 30, 2021.