“No one is in a position to dictate to the Chinese people what should or should not be done,” he said. “We will resolutely reform what can and needs to be reformed, and we will resolutely uphold what cannot and does not need to be changed.”(Xi Jinping, Speech Delivered in the Great Hall of the People on the 40th Anniversary of Reform and Opening Up, Translated and quoted in hina will ‘never seek hegemony,’ Xi says in reform speech," Washington Post)
At the time, and as is now customary for the consumption of such remarks, the speech received a short but intense burst of interest contextualized within the constraints of the hopes, fears and strategic objectives of those who are in the business of reading and presenting such matters to the public, and in that way of using these to shape the various political narratives that manage local popular opinion. Its greatest utility at the time appeared to be oracular. However, in lieu of examining its entrails, the oracular priesthood chose instead to reduce the words of the remarks to data and then to extract meaning by summing repeated "key words." And, indeed, there were lots of repetition to consider:
In his speech, Xi Jinping mentioned the names of six people: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, Marx and Lenin. Here is a graph of total appearances of each in the text of the speech:
Xi did not directly address the specific challenges facing the world’s second biggest economy or touch on sensitive issues such as the ongoing trade war with the US. Instead, Xi spent much of the hour-and-a-half speech drawing general conclusions about China’s economic and social development in the past four decades since Deng Xiaoping, China’s former paramount leader, started to embrace market-oriented changes in China. (Xi Jinping: China to stick to Communist rule and its own path to cope with ‘unimaginable’ perils)
"The reason why everybody was watching this speech so closely is that they were looking for hints of any possible concessions that Xi was prepared to make to try and ease the current trade friction with the US," said Brown, noting Beijing's recent agreement to buy more soybeans from the US and reduce tariffs on US cars. "Those concessions didn't happen, other than a vague promise from Xi for China's economic reforms that began 40 years ago to continue," he added. "More, this was a speech about China's identity and position in the world." (Marking 40 years of reform, Xi says China won't be dictated to).
It is with that in mind, and with the benefit of the passage of a year that has stripped away the dross of the political situation around which the speech was delivered, a re-reading of the remarks more clearly exposes the substance of the evolution of Chinese Marxist Leninist theory in the new era. More particularly, Flora Sapio and I believe that there is a large measure of insight to be gained from a closer study of these remarks. This was an important speech on self reflection, and on the communication of that reflection which may resonate in different ways for Chinese and for foreign readers. For that reason alone the speech is worth considerable study.
This post includes the text of the 在庆祝改革开放40周年大会上的讲话 in the original along with my crude machine assisted translation.
The links to all Posts (Text of Speech, Annotation, Reflections of Backer and Sapio) on the Xi Jinping 40th Anniversary Speech follows. These will be published in Volume 15 Emancipating the Mind: Bulletin of the Coalition for Peace and Ethics (forthcoming 2020). INDEX OF POSTS:
Text Xi Jinping Speech Here:Building New Era Thought.
Annotated Text of Xi Jinping Speech HERE: Building New Era Thought--An Annotation
TEXT OF SPEECH
Website of the State Council Information Office www.scio.gov.cn 2018-12-18 Source: Xinhua News Agency
Speech at the celebration of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up
(December 18, 2018)
December 18, 1978 marks an important day in the history of the Chinese nation, in the history of the Chinese Communist Party, in the history of the People's Republic of China, and it will be an important day in the annals of history. On this day, our party convened the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee to realize the great turning point of the party's history since the founding of the People's Republic of China, and opened the great journey of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.
Today, we are here to hold a grand gathering, reviewing the glorious course of the 40 years of reform and opening up, summing up the great achievements and valuable experience of reform and opening up, and mobilizing the entire party and the people of all nationalities to continue to push reform and opening up in the new era. The one-hundred-year struggle for the goal of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is unremitting struggle.
On December 18th, the 40th anniversary of the reform and opening up was held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the meeting. (Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Yao Dawei)
The Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party was held at a major historical juncture of where the party and the country faced. At that time, the world economy developed rapidly, and science and technology progressed with each passing day. The decade of the "Cultural Revolution" caused the country's economy to be on the verge of collapse. People's food and clothing were a problem, and the country's construction industry was waiting. The inside and outside of the party strongly demanded that the mistakes of the "Cultural Revolution" be corrected, so that the party and the state would rise again from the crisis. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: "If we do not implement reforms now, our modernization cause and socialist cause will be ruined."
Under the leadership of Comrade Deng Xiaoping and the support of the older generation of revolutionaries, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party broke through the serious shackles of the long-term "Left" mistakes, criticized the "two things" wrong policy, and fully affirmed that the scientific system of Mao Zedong Thought must be fully and accurately mastered, highly appraised the discussion on the issue of the standard of truth, decisively ended "taking class struggle as the key link" and re-established the ideological line, political line, and organizational line of Marxism. Since then, China’s reform and opening up has opened the curtain.
Our party’s historic decision to implement reform and opening up is based on a profound grasp of the future of the party and the country. It is based on a profound summary of the socialist revolution and construction practices. It is based on a profound insight into the trend of the times and is based on the masses of the people. Deep understanding of expectations and needs. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: "Poverty is not socialism." "We must catch up with the times. This is the purpose of reform."
Historical development has its laws, but people are not completely passive in it. As long as we grasp the historical development trend, seize the opportunity of historical change, work hard, and forge ahead, human society can make better progress.
Reform and opening up is a great awakening of our party. It is this great awakening that gave birth to the great creation of our party from theory to practice. Reform and opening up is a great revolution in the history of the development of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. It is this great revolution that has promoted the great leap of socialism with Chinese characteristics!
The establishment of the Communist Party of China, the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the promotion of reform and opening up, and the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics are the three major historical events that have taken place in China since the May 4th Movement and are the three major milestones in the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in modern times.
The Communist Party of China, with Comrade Mao Zedong as the main representative, combined the basic principles of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete practice of the Chinese revolution, founded Mao Zedong Thought, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, and after a long period of bloody struggle, completed the new-democratic revolution. The People's Republic of China was established, the basic system of socialism was established, and the most profound and greatest social changes in Chinese history were successfully realized, laying a fundamental political premise and institutional foundation for all development and progress in contemporary China. In the process of exploration, although experienced severe twists and turns, the original theoretical achievements and great achievements made by the party in the socialist revolution and construction provided valuable experience, theoretical preparation, and material for creating socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new historical period. basis.
After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, profoundly summed up the positive and negative experiences of China's socialist construction, and learned from the historical experience of world socialism. Deng Xiaoping Theory, made a historic decision to transfer the party and state work centers to economic construction, implement reform and opening up, profoundly reveal the essence of socialism, establish the basic line of the primary stage of socialism, and clearly propose to take their own path and build a society with Chinese characteristics. Science has scientifically answered a series of basic problems in building socialism with Chinese characteristics. It has formulated a development strategy of three steps in the middle of the 21st century and basically realized socialist modernization, and successfully created socialism with Chinese characteristics.
After the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the main representative, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, adhered to the party’s basic theories and basic lines, and deepened what is socialism and how to build society. What kind of party is built and how to build the party's understanding, accumulates valuable experience in governing the party and the country, and has formed the important thinking of the "three represents." In the face of the complicated situation at home and abroad and the severe test of the serious social twists and turns in the world, the socialism with Chinese characteristics was defended, the reform goals and basic framework of the socialist market economic system were established, and the basic economic system of the primary stage of socialism was established. The distribution system has created a new situation of comprehensive reform and opening up, promoted the new great project of party building, and successfully pushed socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century.
After the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Hu Jintao as the main representative, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, and adhered to the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thinking of the 'Three Represents,' and profoundly understood according to the new development requirements. And answering major issues such as what kind of development and how to develop under the new situation, forming a scientific development concept, grasping the period of important strategic opportunities, and promoting practical innovation, theoretical innovation, and institutional innovation in the process of building a well-off society in an all-round way, emphasizing persistence People-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, forming a general layout of socialism with Chinese characteristics, focusing on safeguarding and improving people's livelihood, promoting social fairness and justice, promoting the building of a harmonious world, and promoting the building of the party's ability to govern and the construction of advanced nature, succeeding at a new historical starting point Upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee has united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities in the country to comprehensively examine the new situation at home and abroad. By summing up practice and looking into the future, we have profoundly answered the question of the kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics that has persisted and developed in the new era. We adhere to and develop the important era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, form a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the overall planning of the "five in one" overall layout, coordinate and promote the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, and adhere to the steady progress of our work. The key element is to propose a series of new ideas, new ideas and new strategies for the work of the party and the country, to promote historic changes in the cause of the party and the state, and to achieve historic achievements. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. With great political courage and wisdom, we propose that the overall goal of comprehensively deepening reform is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and strive to enhance the systemic, holistic and synergistic reforms, and focus on major issues. Institutional innovation, efforts to improve the people's sense of acquisition, happiness, security, launched more than 1,600 reform programs, smashed a lot of hard bones, smashed a lot of rapids and shoals, reforms showed full power, more breakthroughs, hoofs Stable and deep advancement.
Hardships and difficulties temper one like grinding jade [玉汝于成; adversity can help a person succeed]. For 40 years, we have emancipated our minds, sought truth from facts, boldly tried and bravely changed, and made a new world. From the implementation of household contracting, the emergence of township and village enterprises, the abolition of agricultural tax and animal husbandry taxes and specialties tax to the rural contracted land, "three powers", win the fight against poverty, implement the rural revitalization strategy, from the establishment of Shenzhen and other special economic zones, along the coast along the river .The cities along the inland and inland areas are open to the World Trade Organization, jointly building the “Belt and Road”, setting up a free trade pilot zone, planning a free trade port with Chinese characteristics, and successfully hosting the first China International Import Expo, from “bringing in” to “going” Going out, from doing a good job in the state-owned large and medium-sized enterprises, developing the individual and private economy, deepening the reform of state-owned state-owned enterprises, and developing a mixed-ownership economy, from the single public ownership to the public ownership as the main body, the multi-ownership economy develops together and adheres to the "two unwavering". From the traditional planned economic system to the unprecedented socialist market economic system to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation and the better play of the role of the government, from the economic system reform to the comprehensive deepening of economic, political, cultural, social, Ecological civilization system and party building system reform, And state institutional reform, administrative management system reform, legal system reform, judicial system reform, foreign affairs system reform, social governance system reform, ecological environment supervision system reform, national security system reform, national defense and army reform, party leadership and party A series of major reforms, such as the reform of the construction system and the reform of the discipline inspection and supervision system, have been carried out in a solid manner. The implementation of various measures to facilitate the welfare of the people, assist the people, and benefit the people has made the reform and opening up become the most remarkable feature and the most magnificent weather in contemporary China.
In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, from the beginning of the new era to the new century, from the new starting point to the new era, 40 years of hard work, 40 years of thorns, 40 years of hard work, our party led the people to paint a magnificent, imposing The magnificent historical scrolls compose a song of praise and enthusiasm.
——For 40 years, we have always insisted on emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, advancing with the times, seeking truth and being pragmatic, persisting in the guiding position of Marxism, unswervingly adhering to the basic principles of scientific socialism, bravely promoting theoretical innovation, practical innovation, institutional innovation, Cultural innovation and innovation in all aspects have consistently endowed socialism with Chinese characteristics with distinct practical characteristics, theoretical characteristics, national characteristics, and characteristics of the times, forming a socialist road, theory, system, and culture with Chinese characteristics, and demonstrating science with irrefutable facts. The vitality of socialism, the great banner of socialism has always been flying high on the land of China!
——In the past 40 years, we have always adhered to economic construction as the center and continuously liberated and developed social productive forces. China’s GDP has grown from 367.9 billion yuan to 82.7 trillion yuan in 2017, with an average annual growth rate of 9.5%, much higher than In the same period, the world economy grew at an average annual rate of 2.9%. China’s GDP as a share of world GDP has risen from 1.8% at the beginning of reform and opening up to 15.2%, and its contribution to world economic growth has exceeded 30% over the years. The total import and export volume of China's goods has increased from 20.6 billion US dollars to more than 4 trillion US dollars. The cumulative use of foreign direct investment has exceeded 2 trillion US dollars, and the total foreign investment has reached 1.9 trillion US dollars. The output of China's major agricultural products has leapt to the forefront of the world, and the world's most complete modern industrial system has been established, and technological innovations and major projects have been reported frequently. China's infrastructure construction achievements are remarkable, information is smooth, highways are networked, railways are densely covered, high dams stand, West-East Gas Pipeline, South-to-North Water Transfer, high-speed rail speeding, huge-wheel voyage, aircraft flying, and Tianzhu change. At present, China is the world's second largest economy, the largest manufacturing country, the largest country in terms of trade in goods, the second largest country in commodity consumption, and the second largest country in foreign capital. China's foreign exchange reserves rank first in the world for many years, and the Chinese people are rich. The journey to get up and strengthen has taken a decisive step!
——For 40 years, we have always adhered to the path of socialist political development with Chinese characteristics, continuously deepened political system reform, developed socialist democratic politics, improved party and state leadership systems, and comprehensively promoted the rule of law in a comprehensive manner. The socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics has become increasingly sound. The system guarantee and the rule of law guarantee for the people to be the masters of the country are more powerful, the human rights cause is comprehensively developed, the patriotic united front is more consolidated, and the people enjoy and exercise democratic rights in accordance with the law, the content is more abundant, the channels are more convenient, the forms are more diverse, and they control their own destiny. The Chinese people have shown unprecedented enthusiasm, initiative and creativity, and have demonstrated their powerful strength in the reform, opening up and socialist modernization drive!
——For 40 years, we have always adhered to the development of advanced socialist culture, strengthened the building of socialist spiritual civilization, cultivated and practiced the core values of socialism, passed on and promoted the excellent traditional Chinese culture, adhered to scientific theory, and pointed to the correct public opinion. Gathering strength, shaping the soul with advanced culture, inspiring morale with excellent works, patriotism, collectivism, and socialist spirit are widely promoted, the model of the times and the model of heroes are constantly emerging, the culture and art are prosperous, the network of letters is developing rapidly, and the ideal of the whole nation is ideal. Faith and cultural self-confidence continue to increase, and the national cultural soft power and Chinese cultural influence have increased significantly. The great spirit of reform and opening up created by reform and opening up has greatly enriched the national spiritual connotation and has become the most distinctive spiritual identity of the contemporary Chinese people!
——For 40 years, we have always insisted on safeguarding and improving people's livelihood in development, and comprehensively promoting young children's education, learning to teach, earning income, getting medical care, being old, living, living, and weak. Help, continuously improve people's lives and enhance people's well-being. The per capita disposable income of the national residents increased from 171 yuan to 26,000 yuan, and the middle-income group continued to expand. The poverty-stricken population in China has decreased by 740 million people, and the incidence of poverty has dropped by 94.4 percentage points, which has written a glorious chapter in the history of human anti-poverty. The education industry has developed in an all-round way, and the nine-year compulsory education consolidation rate reached 93.8%. China has built the world's largest social security system including pension, medical care, subsistence allowances and housing. The basic pension insurance covers more than 900 million people and medical insurance covers more than 1.3 billion people. The urbanization rate of permanent residents reached 58.52%, an increase of 40.6 percentage points. The life expectancy of residents increased from 67.8 years in 1981 to 76.7 years in 2017. China's overall social situation has remained stable for a long time and has become one of the most secure countries in the world. Tickets for food stamps, cloth tickets, meat tickets, fish tickets, oil tickets, tofu tickets, non-staple food, industrial vouchers, etc., which have been inseparable from the lives of the people, have entered the history museum, hungry, lack of food, wear less, and live hard. The problems that have plagued our people for thousands of years are gone forever!
——For 40 years, we have always insisted on protecting the environment and conserving resources, persisting in the promotion of ecological civilization construction, accelerating the formation of an ecological civilization system, gradually improving the system of main functional areas, making significant progress in energy conservation and emission reduction, and major ecological protection and restoration projects are progressing smoothly. The ecological environment governance has been significantly strengthened, and it has actively participated in and guided the international cooperation on climate change. The Chinese people’s homes born in Sri Lanka and grew up are more beautiful and pleasant!
——For 40 years, we have always upheld the party’s absolute leadership over the military, continuously promoted the modernization of national defense and the military, promoted the revolutionary reshaping of the people’s army, made historic breakthroughs in weapons and equipment, and fundamentally changed the way of administering military affairs. The level of chemistry has been significantly improved. The ability of the people's army to safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests has been significantly enhanced. It has become a powerful force to defend the people's happy life and defend the motherland and the world's peace!
—— For 40 years, we have consistently promoted the great cause of peaceful reunification of the motherland, implemented the basic principle of “one country, two systems”, successively resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and Macao, and washed away the humiliation of the Chinese nation for centuries. We adhere to the one-China principle and the "92 Consensus", strengthen cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, resolutely oppose and contain the "Taiwan independence" separatist forces, and firmly grasp the leading power and initiative of cross-strait relations. The sense of national identity and cultural identity of all Chinese people at home and abroad has been greatly enhanced, and the will to build a Chinese dream together is stronger!
—— For 40 years, we have always adhered to an independent foreign policy of peace, always taking the road of peaceful development, pursuing an open strategy of mutual benefit and win-win, firmly upholding the basic norms of international relations, and safeguarding international fairness and justice. We have realized a historical transition from closed to semi-closed to full-scale openness, actively participated in the process of economic globalization, and made due contributions to promoting the common development of mankind. We actively promote the construction of an open world economy, build a community of human destiny, promote the transformation of the global governance system, clearly oppose hegemonism and power politics, and continuously contribute to China's wisdom, China's programs, and China's power for world peace and development. China is increasingly approaching the center of the world stage and has become a recognized builder of world peace, a contributor to global development, and a defender of the international order!
——For the past 40 years, we have always insisted on strengthening and improving the party ’s leadership, actively responding to various risks and tests faced by the party under the conditions of long-term governance and reform and opening up, and continued to advance the new great project of party building, maintaining the party ’s advanced nature and purity, and maintaining the party's flesh-and-blood ties with the people. We are actively exploring the laws governing the Communist Party, the laws governing socialist construction, and the laws governing the development of human society, and we are constantly exploring new realms of Sinicization of Marxism. We insist that the party should manage the party, strictly govern the party, purify the political ecology within the party, adhere to the principle of upholding integrity, vigorously rectify formalism, bureaucracy, hedonism, and extravagance, and severely punish corruption and fight corruption with a zero tolerance attitude. We have achieved an overwhelming victory. Our party is firmly at the forefront of the times in the revolutionary forging and has always been the backbone of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation!
In the 40 years of spring and autumn, the reform and opening up has greatly changed the face of China, the face of the Chinese nation, the face of the Chinese people, and the face of the Chinese Communist Party. The Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, getting rich and getting stronger! Socialism with Chinese characteristics has ushered in a great leap from creation, development to perfection! The Chinese people have ushered in a great leap from inadequate food and clothing to well-off prosperity! The Chinese nation is standing in the East of the world with a new attitude!
The achievements in the past 40 years have not fallen from the sky, nor have they been donated by others. Instead, the people of all nationalities and the whole nation have worked hard, wisdom and courage! We have spent decades working through the industrialization process that the developed countries have gone through for hundreds of years. In the hands of the Chinese people, it is impossible to become possible. We are extremely proud and proud of the Chinese people who have created the miracle of humanity!
Here, on behalf of the Party Central Committee, I have contributed wisdom and strength to the broad masses of workers, peasants, intellectuals, cadres, PLA officers and soldiers, officers and men of the armed police, and police officers to the democratic parties on all fronts for reform, opening up, and socialist modernization. And pay tribute to non-party people, people's organizations, and patriots from all walks of life! I sincerely extend my sincere greetings to the compatriots of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Administrative Region, the Taiwan compatriots and the overseas Chinese who have made active efforts for the reform, opening up and modernization of the motherland! I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to all foreign friends and people from all over the world who care about and support China's reform, opening up, and modernization!
The practice of 40 years has fully proved that since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party, our party has united and led the roads, theories, systems and cultures with Chinese characteristics opened up by the people of all nationalities in China. The basic theory and basics of the party have been formed. The route and basic strategy are completely correct.
The 40 years of practice have fully proved that China's development has provided a successful experience for the developing countries to modernize, demonstrated a bright future, is a powerful force for promoting world peace and development, and is a major contribution of the Chinese nation to the progress of human civilization.
The practice of 40 years have fully proved that reform and opening up is an important magic weapon for the party and the people to keep up with the times. It is the only way to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is a key decision that determines the destiny of contemporary China. Year and it is the key to the goal of striving for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Only by conforming to the historical trend, actively adapting, and actively seeking change, can we walk with the times. "The power of the line is to become more and more advanced, and the depth of knowledge is more and more." The valuable experience accumulated in the 40 years of reform and opening up is a precious spiritual wealth of the party and the people. It is extremely important for the new era to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. The guiding significance must be cherished, persisted for a long time, and continuously enriched and developed in practice.
First, we must uphold the party’s leadership over all work and constantly strengthen and improve party leadership. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: the leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The party, government, and the people's studies, the East, the West, the Middle East, the Middle East, the party is leading everything. It is precisely because we have always adhered to the party’s centralized and unified leadership that we can achieve a great historical turning point, open a new era of reform and opening up, and a new journey of great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Only in order to successfully cope with a series of major risk challenges and overcome countless difficulties and obstacles can we effectively respond to the situation. Pingfeng wave, war flood, anti-SARS, anti-earthquake, and crisis can not take the road of closed and rigid old roads or the evil road of changing flags, but firmly adhere to the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics. To uphold the leadership of the party, we must constantly improve the party's leadership and make the party's leadership more adaptable to the requirements of practice, the times, and the people. On the issue of upholding the party's leadership, the major principle that determines the future and destiny of the party and the country, the entire party must maintain a high degree of ideological consciousness, political consciousness, and conscious action, and it cannot be shaken.
On the way forward, we must strengthen the "four senses" and strengthen the "four self-confidences", resolutely safeguard the party's central authority and centralize unified leadership, and implement and reflect the party's leadership to reform, development, stability, internal affairs, foreign affairs, national defense, and the rule of the country. The military and other fields. Every step of reform and opening up is not easy. In the future, we will face such risk challenges and even encounter unimaginable storms. Our party must take the overall situation, coordinate all parties, adhere to scientific governance, democratic governance, and rule by law, improve the party's leadership style and ruling style, improve the party's ability to govern and leadership, and constantly improve the party's direction, the overall situation, the policy, The ability to promote reform and the determination to ensure that the ship of reform and opening up will follow the correct course.
Second, we must adhere to the people as the center and constantly realize the people's yearning for a better life. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: seeking happiness for the Chinese people and seeking rejuvenation for the Chinese nation is the initial heart and mission of the Chinese Communists and the initial heart and mission of reform and opening up. It is the fundamental purpose of the party that our party comes from the people, roots the people, benefits the people, and serves the people wholeheartedly. We must take the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people as the fundamental starting point and foothold of all our work, and insist on the support of the people. Their approval and the disapproval, their happiness or unhappy ought to be taken as the basis for formulating policies, complying with the people's desires, respecting public opinion, paying attention to the people's sentiments, and striving for people's livelihood. It not only leads the people forward by proposing and implementing correct theories and guidelines, but also gains momentum from the people's practical creation and development requirements. Let the people share the fruits of reform and opening up and inspire the people to more consciously participate in the cause of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.
On the way forward, we must always regard the people’s longing for a better life as our goal, practice the party’s fundamental purpose, implement the party’s mass line, respect the people’s dominant position, and respect the will expressed by the people in their practical activities. The experience created, the rights it has, and the role it plays have fully stimulated the creative power that lies in the people. We must improve the democratic system, broaden the channels of democracy, enrich the forms of democracy, improve the protection of the rule of law, and ensure that the people enjoy the democratic rights that are widely, fully, truly, concretely and effectively used in accordance with the law. We must focus on solving the urgent needs of the people and let the people share economic, political, cultural, social, ecological and other development achievements. There are more, more direct and more realistic feelings of acquisition, happiness and security. Promote the all-round development of people and the common prosperity of all people.
Third, we must adhere to the guiding position of Marxism and constantly advance theoretical innovation on the basis of practice. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: innovation is the life of reform and opening up. There is no end to the development of practice, and there is no end to emancipating the mind. Engels said: "The ultimate cause of all social changes and political changes should not be found in people's minds, in people's increasingly acquainted understanding of eternal truth and justice, but in the change of production methods and exchange methods. To find". We adhere to the theory and practice, answer the questions of the times and the people's questions in a timely manner, clear up the fog of thoughts that plague and constrain the development of practice, continuously promote the popularization of Marxism in China, and constantly open up a new realm of Marxism.
On the way forward, we must adhere to the guiding principles of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the "Three Represents", the scientific development concept, and the socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and adhere to the organic unity of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts. Developing the Marxism in the 21st century and contemporary Chinese Marxism is the historical responsibility of the contemporary Chinese Communist Party. We must strengthen the awareness of the problem, the consciousness of the times, and the sense of strategy. We should grasp the essence and internal connection of the development of things with a profound historical perspective and a broad international perspective, closely follow the creative practices of hundreds of millions of people, learn from the absorption of all outstanding human civilization achievements, and continually answer The new major issues raised by the times and practices have enabled contemporary Chinese Marxism to radiate a more brilliant truth.
Fourth, we must adhere to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and constantly uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: the direction determines the future, and the road determines the fate. If we want to hold our destiny in our own hands, we must be determined to be unchanging and unchanging. In the 40 years of reform and opening up, the theme of all our party's theory and practice is to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. In China, a big country with more than 5,000 years of civilization and more than 1.3 billion people, it is a textbook that can be regarded as a golden rule, and there is no teacher who can swear by the Chinese people. Mr. Lu Xun said: "What is the road? It is the place that has been trampled out from the place where there is no road, and it has been opened up from the place where only the thorns are found." The road of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the road to the prosperity of contemporary China and catching up with the times and leading the development of the times. Don't waver down.
On the way forward, we must adhere to the guidance of the socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era and the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, strengthen the "four self-confidences", and firmly grasp the direction of reform and opening up. What to change and how to change must be based on whether it is in line with the overall goal of perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We must resolutely change the reforms that cannot be changed. The change will not change. We must uphold the party's basic line, unite the two basic points of adhering to the four basic principles and adhere to the reform and opening up with economic construction as the center, and adhere to the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. We will continue to do so for a long time.
Fifth, we must persist in improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and constantly exerting and strengthening our institutional advantages. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: the system is a fundamental, overall, stable and long-term issue concerning the development of the cause of the party and the state. We have tweaked the key to perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, providing a powerful guarantee for liberating and developing social productive forces, emancipating and enhancing social vitality, and maintaining the vitality of the party and the country. In order to maintain the stability of the overall situation of the society and ensure the people’s livelihood and security, National security provides a strong guarantee, letting all the energies of labor, knowledge, technology, management, capital and other elements compete to let go, so that all sources of social wealth are constantly flowing and constantly establishing a dynamic institutional mechanism.
On the way forward, we must unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy, unswervingly encourage, support, and guide the development of the non-public sector of the economy, give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, give better play to the role of the government, and stimulate various market players. vitality. We must uphold the party's leadership, the people being the masters of the country, and the rule of law, and uphold and improve the people's congress system, the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the system of regional ethnic autonomy, and the system of grassroots self-government. Governing the country, consolidating and developing the most extensive patriotic united front, developing socialist deliberative democracy, and using the system to ensure that the people are the masters of the country. We must strengthen the institutional construction of the cultural field, raise the banner, gather the hearts of the people, educate new people, promote the culture, display the image, actively cultivate and practice the core values of socialism, promote the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture, and inherit the revolutionary culture and development. Advanced culture, strive to create a Chinese culture that shines in the light and shines in the world. We must strengthen the building of social governance systems, continuously promote social fairness and justice, and maintain social stability and order. We must strengthen the construction of an ecological civilization system and implement the most stringent ecological environmental protection system. We must resolutely remove all institutional and institutional obstacles and interests that hinder development, and accelerate the formation of a system that is well-systemized, scientifically standardized, and effective, and promotes a more mature and stereotyped socialist system with Chinese characteristics.
Sixth, we must adhere to the development of the top priority and continuously enhance China's overall national strength. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has enlightened us: liberating and developing social productive forces and enhancing the comprehensive national strength of the socialist countries are the essential requirements and fundamental tasks of socialism. Only by firmly holding the center of economic construction, unswervingly insisting that development is the last word, development should be the strategic thinking of scientific development and high-quality development, and promoting sustained and healthy economic and social development, can comprehensively enhance China’s economic strength, scientific and technological strength, and national defense. Strength and comprehensive national strength can lay a solid material foundation for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
On the way forward, we must focus on solving the major social contradictions between the people’s growing needs for a better life and the development of unbalanced development, and resolutely implement the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing, and promote the overall development. The overall layout of the "Five in One", coordinated and promoted the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, promoted high-quality development, promoted the simultaneous development of new industrialization, informationization, urbanization, and agricultural modernization, accelerated the construction of a modern economic system, and strived to achieve higher quality and Efficient, fairer and more sustainable development. We must adhere to the supply-side structural reform as the main line, actively transform the development mode, optimize the economic structure, transform the growth momentum, actively expand domestic demand, implement the regional coordinated development strategy, implement the rural revitalization strategy, resolutely lay the groundwork to prevent and resolve major risks, and accurately eliminate poverty. The battle for pollution prevention and control. We must adhere to the concept that innovation is the first driving force, talent is the first resource, implement innovation-driven development strategy, improve the national innovation system, accelerate the independent innovation of key core technologies, and create a new engine for economic and social development. We must strengthen the construction of ecological civilization, firmly establish the green water and green hills is the concept of Jinshan Yinshan, form a green development mode and lifestyle, and build our great motherland to be more beautiful, let the people live in the blue, green and water. In the beautiful environment of the Qing.
Seventh, we must persist in expanding openness and constantly promote the building of a community of human destiny. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: openness brings progress, and closure is bound to fall behind. China's development cannot be separated from the world, and the prosperity of the world also needs China. We will coordinate the two major domestic and international situations, adhere to the basic national policy of opening to the outside world, implement a proactive open policy, and form a comprehensive new pattern of all-round, multi-level and wide-ranging areas, creating a good international environment for our country and opening up a broad space for development. .
On the way forward, we must uphold the banner of peace, development, cooperation and win-win, abide by the foreign policy objectives of safeguarding world peace and promoting common development, and promote the building of new international relations of mutual respect, fairness, justice, cooperation and win-win. We must respect the right of people of all countries to choose their own development path, safeguard international fairness and justice, advocate the democratization of international relations, oppose imposing their will on others, oppose interference in other countries' internal affairs, and oppose strong bullying. We must play the role of a responsible big country, support the development of the vast number of developing countries, actively participate in the reform and construction of the global governance system, and work together to build a world of lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, openness, tolerance, and clean beauty. We must support an open, transparent, inclusive and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and promote economic globalization toward a more open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced and win-win direction. We must focus on building the “Belt and Road” and work together with all parties to build a new platform for international cooperation and add new impetus to the common development of the world. China will never develop itself at the expense of the interests of other countries, and will never give up its legitimate rights and interests. China pursues a defensive national defense policy, and China's development does not pose a threat to any country. No matter how far China develops, it will never seek hegemony.
Eighth, we must persist in the strict administration of the party and continuously improve the party's creativity, cohesiveness, and combat effectiveness. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: Ironing must be hard. The key to running China's affairs is the party. The key is to uphold the party's ability to manage the party and to strictly manage the party. Only by leading the great social revolution of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization, our party will unswervingly push forward the party's great self-revolution, dare to remove all viruses that erode the healthy body of the party, and enable the party to continuously purify itself, improve itself, and innovate itself. Self-improvement, and constantly enhance the party's political leadership, ideological leadership, mass organization, and social appeal, can ensure that the party always maintains flesh-and-blood ties with the people.
On the way forward, we must follow the general requirements of the party building in the new era and take political construction as the guide, continuously push forward the new great project of party building, continuously strengthen the unity and unity of the entire party, create vitality, and constantly strengthen the ruling ability of the whole party. The construction is stronger and more powerful. We must persist in examining ourselves with the requirements of the development of the times, alert ourselves with a strong sense of urgency, strengthen and improve ourselves with the spirit of reform and innovation, exercise improvement in coping with risk challenges, purify and purify in solving outstanding contradictions and problems existing in the party, and continuously improve Governing the party and managing the party. We must adhere to the combination of both ability and political integrity, morality first, meritocracy, and strive to cultivate a high-quality cadre team and a large talent team. We must deepen the tackling of both the symptoms and the roots with the perseverance and perseverance of anti-corruption on the road, resolutely eliminate all corrupt elements, ensure the cadres are clean, the government is clean, and politically clear, and create a political ecology of Haishuheqing for continuing to promote reform and opening up.
Ninth, we must adhere to the dialectical materialism and historical materialism world outlook and methodology, and correctly handle the relationship between reform, development, and stability. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: China is a big country and we must never make subversive mistakes on fundamental issues. We adhere to the combination of strengthening the party's leadership and respecting the people's initiative, adhering to the combination of “touching the stones and crossing the river” and the top-level design, adhering to the unity of problem orientation and goal orientation, adhering to the pilot advancement and comprehensive promotion, and encouraging bold trials. I am bold, and persist in seeking truth from facts and doing good deeds to ensure that the reform and opening up will be stable and far-reaching.
On the way forward, we must strengthen strategic thinking, dialectical thinking, innovative thinking, rule of law thinking, bottom line thinking, strengthen macro thinking and top-level design, adhere to problem-oriented, focus on the prominent contradictions and problems facing China's development, conduct in-depth investigation and study, and encourage grassroots boldness. Explore, adhere to the convergence of reform decision-making and legislative decision-making, and continuously improve the scientific nature of reform decisions. We must take out the tenacity of scratching the iron and stepping on the stone, and do a good job of nailing the nails to ensure that all major reform measures are implemented. We must dare to be the first in the world, dare to dare to try, but also to be active and steady, steadily and steadily, to stabilize and unify the reform and development, to maintain the same direction, the road is not biased, and the strength is not diminished, and to push the reform and opening up in the new era to be more stable. Go further.
It is the strategic task of China's socialist modernization drive to adhere to the unity of rich countries and strong military forces, and to build a national defense and a strong army that is commensurate with China's international status and compatible with national security and development interests. We must comprehensively implement the party's strong military ideology in the new era, uphold the party's absolute leadership over the military, grasp the general trend of the world's new military revolution, adhere to the road of strengthening the military with Chinese characteristics, comprehensively deepen national defense and military reform, and promote political building and reform. Strengthening the military, developing the army through science and technology, and managing the army according to law, building a people's army that listens to the party's command, can win the battle and has a good work style, and strives to build a world-class army. To safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests, and to maintain world peace and stability, To provide a strong backing for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The great concept of "one country, two systems" has a strong vitality. We must comprehensively and accurately implement the policy of "one country, two systems", "Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong", "Macao people governing Macao" and a high degree of autonomy. We will strictly follow the Constitution and the Basic Law, improve the systems and mechanisms related to the implementation of the Basic Law, and maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao. We will support and promote the better integration of Hong Kong and Macao into the overall situation of national development, and let the compatriots of Hong Kong and Macao share the historical responsibility of national rejuvenation with the people of the motherland and share the great glory of the prosperity and prosperity of the motherland.
Realizing the complete reunification of the motherland is the common aspiration of all Chinese people and the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation. We must adhere to the one-China principle and the "92 Consensus", consolidate and develop the foundation for the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, deepen cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, and benefit the compatriots on both sides of the strait. We have firm political determination and strong ability to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and the sacred territory of the motherland cannot be split.
The Chinese people have a great dream spirit, and the Chinese nation is full of revolution and openness. Thousands of years ago, the ancestors of the Chinese nation upheld the great practice of creating Chinese civilization by upholding the spirit of " "While Zhou is an old state, its fate is restored." Since ancient times, there have been countless reforms in the land of China, and the heroic declarations such as "not to rule the world, to make the country unlawful" have been left. Since ancient times, the Chinese nation has carried out the social exchanges and cultural exchanges of the same region with confidence and generosity with the broad mind of "Great World" and "Concord Wanbang". It has written the long song of the vast road of Wanlibo Wanlibo. It has also created the prosperity of the Tang Dynasty in Chang'an. It is this transformation and open spirit of "Tian Xingjian, gentlemen with self-improvement", "Geo-sports, gentlemen with virtue", which makes Chinese civilization the only splendid civilization in human history that has not been interrupted for more than 5,000 years. With thousands of years of history, change and openness are generally the historical norm of China. The Chinese nation continues to move toward the future with its attitude of reform and opening up. It has far-reaching historical roots and profound cultural roots.
If we are such a big country, we should have ambitions. Comrade Mao Zedong said: "To win the national victory, this is only the first step in the long march. If this step is also worthy of pride, it is relatively small, and more proud to be behind. Seeing China after a few decades The victory of the people's democratic revolution will make people feel that it is just a short prelude to a long drama. The drama must start from the prelude, but the prelude is not the climax." "We are not only good at destroying an old world, we also Will be good at building a new world."
At the beginning of reform and opening up, although our country is large, with a large population and a weak foundation, we are faced with difficulties and challenges. However, we are full of confidence in the future and have designed a grand blueprint for achieving socialist modernization with more than 70 years and three steps. No extraordinary courage and firm self-confidence can't make such far-reaching ideas and decisions.
For 40 years, we have determined that Castle Peak will not relax, and the wind and rain will move forward toward this great goal. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward higher goals for the development of China, and formed a strategic arrangement from building a well-off society in an all-round way to basically realizing modernization to building a socialist modernization and strengthening country. It has issued a Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The strongest sound.
The ancients said: "Those who are born are born of anxiety, become successful in business, and lose pride." Great dreams are not waiting for, calling, but spelling out and doing it. What we are in now is a time when the ship is more turbulent and the road to the mountain is steeper. It is a time when it is getting harder and harder, getting more and more dangerous, and not getting in and going back. Reform and opening up have gone through thousands of mountains and rivers, but they still need to wading through mountains and rivers. The mission ahead of the entire party and the people of all nationalities is even more glorious, the task is more arduous, the challenges are more severe, and the work is even greater. In this era of thousands of sails and hundreds of battles, we must not be half-pointed, complacent, self-sufficient, and must not hesitate to succumb to the great struggles, great works, great undertakings, great dreams. Courage the tide and fight hard.
Belief, conviction, and confidence are vital at all times. As small as a person, a collective, as large as a political party, a nation, or a country, as long as there is faith, conviction, and confidence, they will become more frustrated, more wary, and more courageous, otherwise they will not defeat themselves or fight themselves and collapse. No matter in the past, present or future, the belief in Marxism, the belief in socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the confidence in realizing the great dream of the Chinese nation's rejuvenation in China are the powerful spirits that guide and support the Chinese people to stand up, get rich, and become a stronger power.
Forty years of shocking waves, the 90,000 miles of wind Peng is lifting. The reason why the rivers can rush out of the cliffs is because of the accumulation of thousands of miles of rushing and dying. In the long history of modern times, the Chinese people have experienced too many hardships, paid too many sacrifices, and carried out too much hard work. Now, the powerful energy accumulated by the Chinese people and the Chinese nation in the historical process has fully erupted, providing an unstoppable strength for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Building a socialist modernization and strengthening the country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a relay run. We must run one after the other, and every generation must ran a good result for the next generation.
The entire party and the people of all nationalities should be more closely united around the Party Central Committee, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, remember the original heart, bear in mind the mission, carry out reform and opening up to the end, and constantly realize the people's yearning for a better life and create in the new era. The new miracle of the Chin-->