2019年11月2日至3日，中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平在上海考察。这是2日下午，习近平在长宁区虹桥街道古北市民中心，同正在参加立法意见征询的社区居民代表亲切交流。 新华社记者 谢环驰/摄
"Seeking Truth" Magazine Published Xi Jinping's Important Article: Adhering to, Perfecting and Developing the Socialist State System and Legal System with Chinese Characteristics
The 23rd issue of Qiushi, published on December 1, published an important article by Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, State President, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, "Insist, Improve and Develop the Socialist State System and Legal System with Chinese Characteristics." The editor will now publish the full text as follows, let us learn together.
In a few days, we will celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. Today, the Central Political Bureau conducts collective learning under the title of "Formation and Development of the State System and Legal System of the New China". The purpose is to review the process of the party leading the people to promote the construction of the national system and the legal system in the 70 years since the founding of New China, and to summarize their achievements and experiences. We will continue to follow the correct path pioneered by the party and the people, with a firm path of self-confidence, theoretical self-confidence, institutional self-confidence, and cultural self-confidence.
The Politburo of the Central Committee decided to convene the Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in October this year, focusing on the study of several major issues in adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. This collective study will help us to think deeply about this issue.
The ancients said, "The country is ordered by the people, and its system is right." It means that to govern the country and keep the people in order, we must improve the various systems. In the 70 years since the founding of New China, our party has led the people to continue to explore and practice, and gradually formed a socialist country system and legal system with Chinese characteristics, which provides a fundamental guarantee for the development and progress of contemporary China, and also provides a boost to the construction of the national system and legal system in the new era. Important experience.
First, the socialist state system and legal system with Chinese characteristics have been formed through long-term practical explorations, and are a great creation in the history of human institutional civilization. What kind of national system is established is a historical issue facing the Chinese people in modern times. After the Opium War, the feudal autocracy, which lasted for more than 2,000 years, has become rotten, and it is difficult to cope with the growing political crisis and ethnic crisis. Countless people with lofty ideals have worked hard to find a way to change the future and destiny of the Chinese nation. After repeated explorations from the technical level, the social revolution level, the industrial level to the system level, and the cultural level, they tried the constitutional monarchy, parliamentary system, multi-party system, and presidential system. And other institutional models, but all ended in failure.
Since the founding of our party, our party has been committed to building a new society in which the people are the masters of the country. It has put forward propositions about the future state system and led the people to fight for it. During the Agrarian Revolution, our party established the Chinese Soviet Republic in the Central Soviet Area of Jiangxi Province, and began to explore the construction of national and legal systems. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, our party established an anti-Japanese democratic regime centered on Yan'an and represented by the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region, set up a border region government, and established the legislative and administrative levels at all levels in accordance with the "three, three systems" principle, with the Senate as the highest authority Judiciary.
After the founding of New China, our party creatively applied the Marxist state theory and made unremitting efforts to build a socialist state system, gradually establishing and consolidating the state system, government system, fundamental political system, basic political system, basic economic system, and With regard to important systems in various aspects, the socialist system with Chinese characteristics has been continuously improved, and the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics has also been continuously improved.
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, we have promoted comprehensive deepening of reforms, improved the party ’s leadership system and mechanisms, strengthened the building of the people ’s ownership system, completed revisions to some parts of the constitution, promoted the extensive and multilayered institutional development of socialist negotiated democracy, and deepened the party and the state. Institutional reforms, deepening economic system reforms, deepening comprehensive judicial system reforms, deepening ecological civilization system reforms, deepening national defense and military reforms, establishing national supervision systems, socialist systems with Chinese characteristics are becoming more and more mature, and socialist legal systems with Chinese characteristics are constantly being improved. It has played a major role in promoting the historic achievements and historic changes of the party and state.
From November 2 to 3, 2019, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, State President, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission visited Shanghai. On the afternoon of the 2nd, Xi Jinping exchanged cordially with representatives of the community residents who were participating in the legislative opinions consultation at the Gubei Citizen Center in Hongqiao Street, Changning District. Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi / photo
Practice has proved that our party has combined the basic principles of Marxism with China's specific realities, and established a new state system that guarantees hundreds of millions of people as the masters of the ancient eastern powers, making the socialist system with Chinese characteristics a significant advantage and strong vitality This system guarantees China to create a miracle of rapid economic development and long-term social stability. It also provides a new option for developing countries to modernize, and contributes to China's wisdom and Chinese solutions for human beings to explore and build a better social system.
Second, the socialist national system and legal system with Chinese characteristics are scientifically proven systems of practice and have significant advantages. The socialist national system and legal system with Chinese characteristics are rooted in the profound historical and cultural traditions of the Chinese nation over 5,000 years of civilization. They have learned from the beneficial results of human institutional civilization, and have been tested by long-term practice.
At the beginning of the founding of the People's Republic of China, Comrade Mao Zedong said with confidence: "Every fact proves that the system of our people's democratic dictatorship is extremely superior to the political system of capitalist countries. On the basis of this system Our people can exert their endless power. This power cannot be defeated by any enemy. "In the early days of reform and opening up, Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out:" Our party and people have worked hard for many years and established a socialist system. Despite this, The system is still imperfect and undermined, but in any case, the socialist system is always better than the weak capitalist system and the self-interested capitalist system. Our system will be perfected day by day and it will absorb the progress we can absorb from countries around the world Factor, becoming the best system in the world. This is absolutely impossible for capitalism. "
The socialist state system and legal system with Chinese characteristics show great advantages in practice. The following aspects are the most important. First, adhere to the advantages of party leadership. Over the past 70 years, it has been precisely under the leadership of the party that it has concentrated its efforts on major issues, and that the country has unified and effectively organized various undertakings and carried out various tasks in order to successfully cope with a series of major risk challenges, overcome countless hardships and obstacles, and always follow the correct direction. Move forward steadily. The second is to ensure that the people have the advantage of being the masters of the country. The name of our country, and the names of state organs at all levels, all bear the title of "people". This is the basic positioning of the political power of our socialist country. Our national system is deeply rooted in the people and can effectively reflect the will of the people, protect their rights and interests, and stimulate their creativity. The third is to adhere to the advantages of running the country in accordance with the law. Persistence in administering the country according to law, adhering to the construction of a country ruled by law, a government ruled by law, and a society ruled by law have played an important role in emancipating and enhancing social vitality, promoting social fairness and justice, maintaining social harmony and stability, and ensuring the long-term stability of the party and state. The fourth is the advantage of implementing democratic centralism. Democratic centralism is the basic principle of China's state organization and activity methods, and it is a prominent feature of China's state system. Under the leadership of the party, all state organs are a unified whole, which not only rationalizes the division of labor but also cooperates closely, fully promotes democracy and effectively concentrates, and overcomes the bad phenomena of indecision, inaction, and inaction. To avoid the disadvantages of mutual restraint and inefficiency.
The measurement of whether a social system is scientific and advanced is mainly based on whether it is in line with national conditions, whether it is effective and efficient, and whether it is supported by the people. The socialist state system and legal system with Chinese characteristics are a set of workable, effective and efficient systems.
The world today is facing unprecedented changes in a century, and competition between countries is becoming increasingly fierce. In the final analysis, it is the competition of national systems. China's development is showing a situation of "only good scenery". The important reason for this is that China's national and legal systems have significant advantages and strong vitality. This is a basic basis for our firm "four confidences".
Third, the socialist state system and legal system with Chinese characteristics need to be adhered to and implemented well, and they need to be constantly improved and developed. As early as 1949, Comrade Mao Zedong said: "The 28 years of the Communist Party of China, plus 29 years and 30 years, to complete the revolutionary tasks of the country. This is the foundation shovel, which took 30 years. But the house This task will take decades to complete. "In 1992, Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out:" I am afraid that it will take another 30 years for us to form a more mature and more stereotyped system in all aspects. " The report of the Nineteenth National Congress of the People's Republic of China proposed a strategic deployment in two stages from 2020 to the middle of this century, and proposed that the goal of system construction is: By 2035, "all aspects of the system will be more complete, and the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity will be basically realized. By the middle of this century, "realize the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity."
On the premise of adhering to and consolidating the basic system, basic system, and important system that have been established and tested in practice, we must continue to strengthen system innovation based on China's national conditions, accelerate the establishment of a soundly needed system for national governance, and satisfy the people The growing good life requires the necessary institutions. It is necessary to summarize the good experiences and practices in practice in a timely manner, and mature experiences and practices can be upgraded to systems and transformed into laws. We must actively learn from the beneficial results of human system civilization, but we must not shake or abandon the foundation of our system.
"While there is good law and good intentions, it is not for others to do it, but it will lead to bad government." The vitality of the system lies in its implementation. At present, some people lack the awe of the system, do not act according to the system at all, or even change the system at will; some people do everything possible to dig into the system and scratch the ball; some people are afraid to abide by the system and try to escape the constraints and supervision of the system. ,and many more. It is necessary to strengthen the implementation of the system, strengthen the supervision of the implementation of the system, and effectively transform China's system advantages into governance effectiveness. Party committees and governments at all levels and leading cadres must strengthen their awareness of the system and be good at advancing various causes on the track of the system. The majority of party members and cadres should set an example for the implementation of the system, lead the whole society to strengthen the awareness of the system, and consciously maintain the authority of the system.
It is necessary to strengthen the theoretical research on the socialist country system and legal system with Chinese characteristics, summarize the successful experience of China's institutional construction in the past 70 years, build the academic system, theoretical system, and discourse system of Chinese institutional construction theory, and provide theoretical support for firm institutional self-confidence. It is necessary to strengthen institutional publicity and education, especially for young people, to guide people to fully understand that we have embarked on the road to success in building a socialist system with Chinese characteristics. As long as we continue to follow this path, we will certainly be able to realize the country. Governance system and governance capabilities are modernized. In conjunction with a series of celebrations of the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China, tell the story of the Chinese system, expand the influence and appeal of the Chinese system, and increase the international community's understanding and recognition of our system.
(This is the speech of General Secretary Xi Jinping during the 17th collective study of the 19th Central Political Bureau on September 24, 2019.)
Xinhua News Agency, Qiushi Magazine
Editing Luo Mengdan