This Blog Essay site devotes every February to a series of integrated but short essays on a single theme. The Ruminations Series in 2009 sought to develop a set of aphoristic (ἀφορισμός) essays, meant to provoke thought rather than explain it. The hope was that, built up on each other, the series would provide a matrix of thoughts that together might lead the reader in new directions. Ruminations continue to be produced form time to time.
The U.N. "Protect, Respect, Remedy" framework is made up of three pillars: the State duty to protect against human rights abuses by third parties, including business; the corporate responsibility to respect human rights, which means to avoid infringing on the rights of others; and greater access by victims to effective remedy, judicial and non-judicial. The forum is currently focused on the corporate responsibility to respect human rights, the second pillar of the framework. The forum is divided into sections, each of which contains multiple topics with space for discussion and comment.(From New Online Forum for U.N. Business and Human Rights Mandate, United Nations Press Release, New York and Geneva, Dec. 1, 2009). Each of the Essays considered one of the topics raised in the online consultation. My hope was to help generate discussion and to encourage further discussion of the issues within the framework of the consultation framework.
Part I—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Socialist constitutionalism is the core of governance according to the law
Part II—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: The necessity of complete change of governance from rule of man to rule of law
Part III—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Perspective Study from Criminal Procedure Code to Modify Constitution (Part I)
Part IV—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: The state is obligated to provide equal protection for citizens’ religious beliefs
Part V—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: The rule of law: Its Expression is also Critical
Part VI—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Society as a whole should support criminal defense lawyers as they perform their duties according to the law
Part VII—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: The public authorities should set an example by acting in accordance with the law
Part VIII—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: “Independent Candidate’ has no Legal Basis” is not Correct
Part IX—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: We must not only affirm the “anti-crime” campaign, but also deny the use of “black methods”
Part X—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Unauthorized violation of the law to extend civil service working hours
Part XI—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Public authorities should be models of conduct in accordance with the law
Part XII—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: The modification of the police department’s position within the Criminal Procedure Code
Part XIII—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Pay attention to the political achievements of local officials that result from illegal governance behavior
Part XIV—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Perspective Study from Criminal Procedure Code to Modify Constitution (Part II) The protection of personal freedom should be the top priority of Criminal Procedure Code
Part XV—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: The Petitioning System and the Constitution of China
Part XVI—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Perspective Study from Criminal Procedure Code to Modify the Constitution (Part III) The protection of personal freedom should focus on restricting the power of investigation
Part XVII—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Interview; As long as there is determination, then we can curb the violent demolition and relocation
Part XVIII—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Government’s restriction on fundamental rights of citizens must have legal basis
Part XIX—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Ban on begging with the law
Part XX—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: A valuable step in advancing the protection of constitutional rights
Part XXI—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Responding with my view to the Xinmin Weekly reporter’s questions on the Crackdown 严打
Part XXII—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: The theory of legal rights is at the heart of Chinese legal applications
Part XXIII—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: There is no Constitutional Ground for Judicial Activism in China
Part XXV—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Petitioning System and the Constitution of China (Part III)
Part XXVI—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: In accordance with the Constitution, court cases must be public
Part XXVII—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Reform of the Political System Should Start with the Party Constitution rather than the Constitution
Part XXVIII—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: How to Restrict Power in the Cage of Regulations
Part XXIX—Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: Five Theoretical Issues Should Be Addressed to Restart Political Reforms
Part XXX (30) Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: "The Punishment Decision Should Be Made Based on Criminal Facts and Law Regulations--My Thoughts On the Written Judgment of Bo Xilai’s First Instance"
Part XXXI (31) Zhiwei Tong (童之伟) Series: "Totalitarian Personality and Bo Xilai's Poliitcal Failure"