Monday, August 19, 2019

The Situation in Hong Kong: "Opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on Supporting Shenzhen's Pioneering Demonstration Zone with Chinese Characteristics" [中共中央国务院关于支持深圳建设中国特色社会主义先行示范区的意见 (二〇一九年八月九日)]

(All Pix Credit here; except as noted)

Shenzhen, in its contemporary form, was born in part to demonstrate that a sound Socialist (that is a Chinese Marxist-Leninist) version of Hing Kong was not only possible, but ultimately the better model for both cities.  Yet it was much more than that.  Shenzhen was also designed to be the modern, built from the ground up, foundation, around which a "Pearl River" megacity could be built, into which the former UK and Portuguese colonies could be absorbed (in every sense of that term) along with the neighboring older cities (once known for their unruliness). 
That mega-ci-ty could serve as the incarnation of the China Dream and suggest the ways in which the historically receding basis for social, political and economic organization (reflected in Hong Kong) could be recast and redirected for the new era.  That recasting, then, might also serve as a model which might find value all along the land and maritime Silk Roads of the Belt and Road Initiative. 

To some extent, the central government, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, has been successful in achieving its first goal.  Shenzhen is now an industrial powerhouse with a large and g¡rowing population sitting just beyond the old colonial border with Hong Kong. Yet the success has been molded as well by distributive realities--finance has been shifted to Shanghai in some respects--another variation of the absorption and transformation of a semi-colonial enclave in China, whose successful model, it is hoped, could be projected outward. 

But the ongoing situation in Hong Kong has, to some extent changed the character and pacing of these medium and longer term plans.  The disturbances in Hong Kong have been treated by Chinese government and CCP authorities as directly challenging not so much their authority, but rather the authority of their guiding ideology. That is a challenge that cannot be ignored, even if Hong Kong is allowed to tolerate popular demonstrations over a longer term. Though much of those changes remain shrouded in secrecy, the State Council under the leadership of the CCP has, from time to time, suggested its content and direction.

Outwardly, government authorities have sought to cauterize the ideological threat by recasting it as foreign. To that end the central authorities have expended much effort in their Black Hand campaign (e.g., The Situation in Hong Kong: The 黑手 [black hand] of Foreign Interference and the Justification for Intervention).  Beyond its utility in the ongoing trade negotiations with the United States and the protection of its Belt and Road Initiative (both understandable),  recasting the Hong Kong narrative as foreign proves useful as discrediting it as contextually irrelevant, and its leaders as tools of a foreign power.  This plays into now ancient and powerful Chinese discursive tropes about foreigners, unequal relationships, and threat. 

But it is not enough to recast the narrative in Hong Kong as foreign (and therefore not authentically Chinese).  It is also necessary to substantially strengthen and put forward the preferred (and native) alternative. It is here that the Shenzhen model city ideal, and the historical imperative of the Pearl River mega-city, become important.  Now the State Council and CCP Central Committee have put forward a counter-narrative that seeks to contrast the instability and decline of Hong Kong with the stability and progress of Shenzhen.  To that end on 18 August 2019, via Xinhu News Agency, the authorities circulated  "Opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on Supporting Shenzhen's Pioneering Demonstration Zone with Chinese Characteristics" [中共中央国务院关于支持深圳建设中国特色社会主义先行示范区的意见 (二〇一九年八月九日)]. It's strategic utility at this moment and in that place is unmistakable:
At present, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, supporting Shenzhen to hold high the banner of reform and opening up in the new era and building a demonstration zone for socialism with Chinese characteristics, which is conducive to promoting reform and opening up at a higher starting point, higher level, and higher goals, and forming a comprehensive deepening of Reform and comprehensively expand the new opening pattern; help to better implement the strategy of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District, enrich the new practice of "one country, two systems"; help to take the lead in exploring the new path of building a socialist modernization and strengthening the country, and provide strong support for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the China Dream.  当前,中国特色社会主义进入新时代,支持深圳高举新时代改革开放旗帜、建设中国特色社会主义先行示范区,有利于在更高起点、更高层次、更高目标上推进改革开放,形成全面深化改革、全面扩大开放新格局;有利于更好实施粤港澳大湾区战略,丰富“一国两制”事业发展新实践;有利于率先探索全面建设社会主义现代化强国新路径,为实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦提供有力支撑。
This post includes the text of "Opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on Supporting Shenzhen's Pioneering Demonstration Zone with Chinese Characteristics" [中共中央国务院关于支持深圳建设中国特色社会主义先行示范区的意见 (二〇一九年八月九日)] in the original  and in a crude English translation. A "pdf" of the original article may be accessed HERE. Any calculation of the future of Hong Kong ought to bear in mind  this important declaration of policy. To that end, ¶¶ 7-8 should be of special interest.

People's Daily Graphic Database (1946-2019)
Opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on Supporting Shenzhen's Pioneering Demonstration Zone with Chinese Characteristics
(August 9, 2009)
People's Daily (August 19, 2019 01 edition)

Since the party and the state made major strategic arrangements for the establishment of special economic zones, the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone has become an important window for China's reform and opening up, and has achieved remarkable results in various undertakings. It has become an international and innovative city full of charm, power, vitality and innovation. At present, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, supporting Shenzhen to hold high the banner of reform and opening up in the new era and building a demonstration zone for socialism with Chinese characteristics, which is conducive to promoting reform and opening up at a higher starting point, higher level, and higher goals, and forming a comprehensive deepening of Reform and comprehensively expand the new opening pattern; help to better implement the strategy of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District, enrich the new practice of "one country, two systems"; help to take the lead in exploring the new path of building a socialist modernization and strengthening the country, and provide strong support for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the China Dream. In order to comprehensively implement the spirit of the important speech and instructions for the work of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era of internship, and General Secretary Xi Jinping's work on Shenzhen, the following views are supported in support of Shenzhen's pioneering demonstration area for building socialism with Chinese characteristics.

First, the overall requirements

(1) Guiding ideology. The guiding ideology of Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics,  fully implements the spirit of the 19th and 19th Central Committees of the Party, and promotes the overall layout of the "Five in One" and coordinates and promotes "four comprehensive" policies. Strategic roadmap requyires that one adhere to and strengthen the party's overall leadership, adhere to the new development concept, adhere to the supply-side structural reform as the main line, adhere to comprehensive and deepen reform, adhere to comprehensively expand opening up, adhere to the people-centered, practice high-quality development requirements, and deepen an implementing an innovation-driven development strategy, taking advantage of the important opportunities for the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan District, enhancing the core engine functions, moving forward in the direction of building a socialist pilot zone with Chinese characteristics, and striving to create a model of a socialist modernization and power.

(II) Strategic positioning

- High quality development of the highlands. Deepen the structural reform of the supply side, implement the innovation-driven development strategy, build a modern economic system, and move to the forefront of the country in building an institutional mechanism for high-quality development.

- Demonstration of the rule of law city. We will comprehensively improve the level of rule of law construction, standardize government and market boundaries with the rule of law, and create a stable, fair, transparent, and predictable international first-class legal business environment.

- a model of urban civilization. Practicing the core values ​​of socialism, constructing a high-level public cultural service system and a modern cultural industrial system, and becoming the leader of the new era of raising flags, gathering people's hearts, educating new people, developing culture, and displaying images.

——The benchmark of people's livelihood. Build a high-quality and balanced public service system, and build a comprehensive and sustainable social security system to achieve a child-friendly, well-educated, well-educated, well-being, well-being, old-fashioned, livable, weak Public support.

- Pioneer in sustainable development. Firmly establishing and practicing green water and green hills is the concept of Jinshan Yinshan, creating safe and efficient production space, comfortable and livable living space, and clear water and blue sky. It is in the forefront of the construction of the beautiful bay area, for the implementation of the United Nations in 2030. The sustainable development agenda provides China's experience.

(3) Development goals. By 2025, Shenzhen's economic strength and development quality should rank among the top in the world. The R&D investment intensity and industrial innovation capability are world-class, the cultural soft power is greatly improved, the public service level and ecological environment quality have reached the international advanced level, and a modern international innovative city has been built. By 2035, Shenzhen's high-quality development should become a national model, and the city's comprehensive economic competitiveness should lead the world. It should become a creative and creative entrepreneurial capital with global influence and a model for the powerful building of socialist modernization in China. By the middle of this century, Shenzhen should become a global benchmark city with competitiveness, innovation and influence.

Second, take the lead in building a modern economic system that reflects the requirements of high quality development

(4) Accelerate the implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy. Support Shenzhen to strengthen the innovative advantages of deep integration of industry, academia and research, and build a comprehensive national science center with Shenzhen as the main position, playing a key role in the construction of the Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District International Science and Technology Innovation Center. Support Shenzhen to build 5G, artificial intelligence, cyberspace science and technology, life information and biomedical laboratory and other major innovation carriers, and explore the establishment of an international science and technology information center and a new mechanism of the Academy of Medical Sciences. Strengthen basic research and applied basic research, implement key core technologies, and strengthen the foundation of industrial security. Exploring the securitization of intellectual property rights and standardizing the orderly construction of property rights trading centers for intellectual property and scientific and technological achievements. Support all kinds of units, institutions and enterprises in Shenzhen with conditions to set up scientific research institutions abroad, and promote the establishment of global innovation leading city science and technology cooperation organizations and platforms. Support Shenzhen to implement a more open and convenient overseas talent introduction and entry and exit management system, and allow international talents who have obtained permanent residence qualifications to establish science and technology enterprises in Shenzhen and act as legal representatives of scientific research institutions.

(5) Accelerate the construction of a modern industrial system. Vigorously develop strategic emerging industries and create manufacturing innovation centers in the fields of communication high-end devices and high-performance medical devices. We will carry out pilot reforms of market access and regulatory system mechanisms, establish a more flexible and prudent and inclusive regulatory system, actively develop new industries and new formats such as smart economy and healthy industries, and build a pilot zone for digital economic innovation and development. Improve the economic ability of financial services entities, research and improve the GEM listing and listing, refinancing and mergers and acquisitions restructuring system, and create conditions to promote the reform of the registration system. Support innovative applications such as digital currency research and mobile payment in Shenzhen. Promote interoperability with Hong Kong and Macao financial markets and mutual recognition of financial (fund) products. In the promotion of the internationalization of the renminbi, we will try first and explore innovative cross-border financial supervision.

(6) Accelerate the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up. Adhere to the direction of socialist market economy reform, explore and improve the property rights system, and effectively protect all kinds of ownership economic organizations and citizens' property rights according to law. Support Shenzhen to carry out comprehensive reform of regional state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises. The establishment of a free trade pilot zone with high standards and high quality will speed up the construction of an open economic new system that is in line with international standards. Support the Shenzhen pilot to deepen the reform of foreign exchange management. Promote more international organizations and institutions to settle in Shenzhen. Support Shenzhen to hold international large-scale sports events and cultural exchange activities, build a national team training base, and undertake major home-based diplomatic activities. Support Shenzhen to speed up the construction of a global marine center city, establish a marine university and a national deep-sea scientific research center according to procedures, and explore the establishment of an international marine development bank.

(7) Boost the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau Bay Area. Further deepen the reform and opening up of the Qianhai-Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone, and focus on institutional innovation to continuously improve the level of openness to Hong Kong and Macao. Accelerate the construction of Shenzhen-Hong Kong science and technology innovation cooperation zone, explore collaborative development mode, innovate science and technology management mechanism, and promote efficient and convenient flow of personnel, capital, technology and information. Promote the development of Shenzhen-Wanghui, promote the integration and interaction between the east and the west of the Pearl River Estuary, innovate and improve, and explore and promote the management system and mechanism of the special cooperation zone.

Third, take the lead in creating a democratic and rule of law environment that demonstrates fairness and justice.

(8) Comprehensively improve the level of democracy and the rule of law. Under the leadership of the party, the people's orderly political participation will be expanded, the people's congress system will be upheld and improved, and the socialist deliberative democracy system will be strengthened. To make full use of the legislative power of the special economic zone, under the premise of observing the basic principles of the Constitution, laws, and administrative regulations, Shenzhen is allowed to make reforms and innovations in practice, and to make changes to laws, administrative regulations, and local regulations in accordance with the authorization. Strengthen the construction of a government under the rule of law, improve the system of major administrative decision-making procedures, and enhance the government's ability to manage according to law. We will increase the intensity of comprehensive law-enforcement and create a social trend of respecting the law and law.

(9) Optimize government management and services. We will improve the communication mechanism between government and enterprises, accelerate the establishment of a pro-Qing dynasty relationship, further stimulate and promote outstanding entrepreneurship, improve the bankruptcy system, and create a legalized business environment. Deepen the reform of “distribution suits”, comprehensively implement the power list, responsibility list, and negative list system, promote the “digital government” reform and construction, and realize active, accurate, integrated and intelligent government management and services. Reform and improve the fair competition review and fair supervision system, promote the "double random, one open" supervision, implement credit supervision reform, and promote the law-abiding integrity management of various market entities.

(10) Promote the modernization of social governance. Comprehensive application of big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and other technologies to improve the level of intelligent professionalization of social governance. Strengthen the construction of the social credit system and take the lead in building a unified social credit platform. Accelerate the construction of smart cities and support Shenzhen to build a large data center in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau. Explore and improve data rights and privacy protection mechanisms, and strengthen network information security. Strengthen grassroots governance, reform and innovation group organizations, and social forces to participate in social governance models.

Fourth, take the lead in shaping the modern urban civilization that shows the prosperity of socialist culture

(11) Comprehensively promote the construction of urban spiritual civilization. Further promote the open, pluralistic and inclusive urban culture and the spirit of the SAR, which dares to dare to test, dare to be the first, and work hard, vigorously promote the humanistic spirit of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District, integrate socialist core values ​​into all aspects of social development, and accelerate the construction of the region. Cultural center city and a city of modern civilization that highlights the soft power of national culture. Promote the innovation and development of public cultural services, and take the lead in building an inclusive, high-quality, sustainable urban public cultural service system. Support Shenzhen to plan and construct a number of major public cultural facilities, encourage national museums to set up branches in Shenzhen, and study Shenzhen as a pilot city for urban community sports venue facilities construction. Encourage Shenzhen to co-organize various forms of cultural and artistic activities with Hong Kong and Macao, carry out cross-border major cultural heritage protection, conserve the cultural heritage of the same origin, and continuously enhance the sense of identity and cohesiveness of Hong Kong and Macao compatriots.

(12) Develop more competitive cultural industries and tourism. Support Shenzhen to vigorously develop digital cultural industry and creative culture industry, and strengthen cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao digital creative industries. Support Shenzhen Construction Innovation and Design School, introduce the world's high-end creative design resources, set up a global creative design award, and create a group of international Chinese cultural brands. We will use Hong Kong and Macao's exhibition resources and industry advantages to organize large-scale cultural and creative exhibitions. Promote the integration of culture and tourism, and enrich the content of cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries. We will promote the construction of international cruise ports in an orderly manner, further increase the international liner routes, and explore and simplify the procedures for the immigration of cruise ships, yachts and passengers.

V. Take the lead in forming a common development pattern of co-construction and common prosperity

(13) Improve the development level of education and medical care. Support Shenzhen to take the lead in the reform of the education system, run preschool education with high standards, expand the scale of primary and secondary education, and popularize high school education. Fully implement the autonomy of colleges and universities, and accelerate the establishment of first-class universities and first-class disciplines. Establish and improve the institutional mechanism to adapt to the "dual yuan" education for vocational education, and build a modern vocational education system. Accelerate the construction of a world-class integrated quality medical service system and an innovative health care system that promotes health. We will expand the supply of quality medical and health resources, encourage social forces to develop high-level medical institutions, and facilitate the development of Hong Kong-funded Australian-funded medical institutions. Exploring the establishment of a medical personnel training and hospital accreditation certification standard system in line with international standards, relaxing the restrictions on overseas doctors to practice in the Mainland, and first testing international cutting-edge medical technology.

(14) Improve the social security system. Implement a scientific, rational, active and effective population policy, and gradually realize the equalization of basic public services for the resident population. Improve the multi-level pension insurance system and build a high-level pension and domestic service system. Promote a unified social insurance public service platform to take the lead, and form a "one card" service management model with social insurance cards as the carrier. We will enjoy “civil treatment” for the people and students living in Hong Kong and Macao who work and live in Shenzhen. Establish and improve a long-term mechanism for the stable and healthy development of the real estate market, and accelerate the improvement of affordable housing and talent housing systems.

Sixth, take the lead in creating a beautiful Chinese model of harmonious coexistence between man and nature

(15) Improve the ecological civilization system. We will implement the “Environmental Protection of the Party and Government, and the Responsibility of One Post”, implement the most stringent ecological environmental protection system, strengthen the supervision and enforcement of the ecological environment, and “zero tolerance” for illegal activities. Construct a green development-oriented evaluation system for ecological civilization and explore the implementation of the ecosystem service value accounting system. We will improve environmental protection policies such as environmental credit evaluation and mandatory information disclosure, and improve the environmental public interest litigation system. Deepen the reform of the natural resource management system and innovate the pattern of protection and utilization of cultivated land and permanent basic farmland in highly urbanized areas.

(16) Build a new pattern of urban green development. Adhere to ecological priorities, strengthen land and sea pooling, strictly observe the ecological red line, and protect the natural shoreline. We will implement major projects for the protection and restoration of important ecosystems, strengthen the joint prevention and control of regional ecological environment, and promote the pilot control of total discharge of pollutants in key sea areas. Improve urban disaster prevention capabilities and strengthen emergency management cooperation in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau. Accelerate the establishment of an economic system for the development of a green and low-carbon cycle, build a market-oriented green technology innovation system, vigorously develop green industries, promote green consumption, and develop green finance. Continue to implement dual control actions on total energy consumption and intensity, and take the lead in building a water-saving city.

Seven, safeguard measures

(17) Comprehensively strengthen party leadership and party building. We will implement the general requirements for party building in the new era, persist in putting the party's political construction in the first place, strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidences", and achieve "two maintenance." We will implement the party's organizational line in the new era and encourage the SAR cadres to take a new role in the new era. We will unswervingly promote the comprehensive development of the party from the strict governance of the party, and persist in the fight against corruption.

(18) Strengthening the protection of the rule of law policy. The various reform policies and measures proposed in this opinion, if it involves the adjustment of the current law, the relevant parties shall submit relevant proposals to the National People's Congress or its Standing Committee in accordance with legal procedures, and shall be implemented after authorization or decision; The aspects shall be implemented after authorization or decision by the State Council in accordance with legal procedures. Under the top-level design and strategic deployment of the central reform, we will support Shenzhen to implement the comprehensive authorization reform pilot program, and apply for a batch application authorization method in a centralized manner, and deepen reforms and pilot tests in key areas such as factor market allocation, business environment optimization, and urban space utilization. .

(19) Improve the implementation mechanism. Under the leadership of the Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan District Construction Leading Group, the relevant departments of the central and state organs should strengthen guidance and coordination, and timely study and solve major problems encountered in the advancement of Shenzhen's pioneering socialist demonstration zone with Chinese characteristics. Major issues should be directed to the party. The Central Committee and the State Council requested a report. Guangdong Province should actively create conditions and do its best to do all kinds of guidance and support work. Shenzhen Municipality must implement the main responsibility, continue to emancipate the mind, work hard, and start from the reform and opening up, and walk in the forefront in the new era, and take the lead in the new journey.

(Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, August 18th)


《 人民日报 》( 2019年08月19日   01 版)


































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